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States of Venezuela

Capital district and states of Venezuela
Distrito Capital, estados y dependencies federales de Venezuela(Spanish)
Category Federated state
Location Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Number 23 States
1 Capital District
Populations (States only):146,480 (Amazonas) – 3,704,404 (Zulia)
Areas (States only)440 square miles (1,100 km2) (Nueva Esparta) – 92,000 square miles (240,000 km2) (Bolívar)
Government State government
Subdivisions Municipality
(Federal dependencies):Island
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Venezuela is a federation made up of 23 states (estados), 1 Capital District (Distrito Capital) and the Federal Dependencies (Dependencias Federales) that consist of a large number of Venezuelan islands. Venezuela also claims the Guayana Esequiba territory which comprises six districts in the independent nation of Guyana.


  • Historical states 1
  • States 2
  • Special status areas 3
  • Naming 4
  • See also 5
  • External links 6

Historical states

Prior to the Federal War of (1859–1863), the country was divided into provinces rather than states (see Provinces of Venezuela). The victorious forces were supposed to grant more autonomy to the individual states, but this was not implemented.

From 1863 to the early 1900s there were numerous territorial changes, including the merger and splitting of states, but from then until the 1990s the states were left unchanged. States that existed during this time included Guzmán Blanco State (1873–1889). Originally a renamed Aragua State, in 1881 the states of Miranda, Guárico, Nueva Esparta and the Vargas department of the Federal District were merged into the state. This was part of a territorial reorganisation reducing the number of states from 20 to 9, which was reversed in 1901.

The 1990s saw the creation of three new states: Delta Amacuro (1991), Amazonas (1994), and Vargas (1998).


Below is a list of the 23 states of Venezuela. The states are listed along with their correspondent emblems, data and location.

Flag Coat of Arms State Capital city Population
(2011 census)
Region Location
Amazonas Puerto Ayacucho 146,480 180,145 Guayana
Anzoátegui Barcelona 1,469,747 43,300 Nor - Oriental
Apure San Fernando de Apure 459,025 76,500 Llanos
Aragua Maracay 1,630,308 7,014 Central
Barinas Barinas 816,264 35,200 Andean
Bolívar Ciudad Bolívar 1,410,964 238,000 Guayana
Carabobo Valencia 2,245,744 4,650 Central
Cojedes San Carlos 323,165 14,800 Central
Delta Amacuro Tucupita 167,676 40,200 Guayana
Falcón Coro 902,847 24,800 Central - Occidental
Guárico San Juan De Los Morros 747,739 64,986 Llanos
Lara Barquisimeto 1,774,867 19,800 Central - Occidental
Mérida Mérida 828,592 11,300 Andean
Miranda Los Teques 2,675,165 7,950 Capital
Monagas Maturín 905,443 28,930 Nor - Oriental
Nueva Esparta La Asunción 491,610 1,150 Insular
Portuguesa Guanare 876,496 15,200 Central - Occidental
Sucre Cumaná 896,291 11,800 Nor - Oriental
Táchira San Cristóbal 1,168,908 11,100 Andean
Trujillo Trujillo 686,367 7,400 Andean
Vargas La Güaira 352,920 1,496 Capital
Yaracuy San Felipe 600,852 7,100 Central - Occidental
Zulia Maracaibo 3,704,404 63,100 Zulian

Special status areas

Flag Coat of Arms Area Capital city Population
(2011 census)
Capital District Caracas 1,943,901 433
Federal Dependencies Los Roques 2,155 342


Several states are named for historical figures:

Several states are named for natural features:

Other naming origins:

See also

External links

  • CityMayors feature
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