World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Snana Yatra

Article Id: WHEBN0021278382
Reproduction Date:

Title: Snana Yatra  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jagannath, Jagannath Temple, Bangalore, Salabega, Khanjani, Baagh Naach
Collection: Festivals in Jagannath, Festivals in Odisha
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Snana Yatra

Idols at Snana Mandapa

The Snana Yatra is a bathing festival celebrated on the Purnima (full moon day) of the Hindu month of Jyeshtha.[1] It is an important festival of the Jagannath devotees. This is the first occasion in the year as per the Hindu calendar, when the deities Jagannath, Balabhadra, Subhadra, Sudarshan, and Madanmohan are brought out from the Jagannath Temple (Puri) and taken in a procession to the Snana Bedi. There they are ceremonially bathed and decorated for a public audience with the devotees.[2]

Religious Significance

Devotees visiting the Jagannath Temple in Puri on the occasion of Snana Yatra

It is a belief among devotees of Lord Jagannath that if they make a pilgrimage to see the deity on this day, they would be cleansed of all of their sins. Hundreds of thousands of devotees visit the temple on the occasion.[3] The Skanda Purana mentions that King Indradyumna arranged this ceremony for the first time when the idols of the deities were first installed.

Ceremonies Conducted

The Anasara pata chitra paintings

On the eve of the Snana Yatra (which means the Bathing festival, in Sanskrit), the idols of the deities are brought out in a grand procession from the garbhagriha (sanctum sanctorum) to the Snana Bedi (bathing platform). Devotees come to view the deities.

On the day of the Snana Yatra, the deities are bathed with 108 pots, of ritually purified water drawn from the northern well of the temple to the accompaniment of religious incantations.[4] In the evening, at the conclusion of the bathing ritual, Jagannath and Balabhadra are dressed up in elephant headgear representing the God Ganesh. This form of the God is called the 'Gajavesha'.

After the Snana Yatra the Gods are traditionally believed to fall ill and are kept in a sick room to recuperate in privacy under the care of the Raj Vaidya.[5] During this period known as Anasara the Gods cannot be seen by devotees. At this time three pata chitra paintings are displayed for devotees to view instead It is said that with the Ayurvedic medication ('pnachan') administered by the Raj Vaidya the Gods recover in a fortnight and resume giving an audience to their devotees.[6]

During the Anasara period devotees head to the Alarnatha Mandira in Bramhagiri in the belief that Jagannath manifests as Alarnatha during this period


  1. ^ "Lavish bath before sickroom stay". 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013. The festival is observed on the full moon day of the Oriya month of Jyestha 
  2. ^ The official website of the Puri Jagannath temple [1].
  3. ^ "Lakhs witness deities' bathing ritual in Puri". Hindustan Times, Delhi  – via  
  4. ^ Mohanty, Rajkumar (2013). "Ceremonial bath over, lords retire to Anasar Ghar - The New Indian Express". Retrieved 25 June 2013. they were bathed with 108 pitchers of aromatic and herbal wate 
  5. ^ Mohapatra, Debabrata (2011). "The skies rain down for divine bath - Times Of India". Retrieved 25 June 2013. would undergo treatment by the shrine vaidyas (ayurveda doctors) for 15 days, 
  6. ^ Details of the ceremony
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.