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Petro Poroshenko

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Petro Poroshenko

Petro Poroshenko
Петро Порошенко
5th President of Ukraine
Assumed office
7 June 2014
Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk
Preceded by Oleksandr Turchynov (Acting)
2nd Minister of Trade and Economic Development
In office
23 March 2012 – 24 December 2012
Prime Minister Mykola Azarov
Preceded by Andriy Klyuyev
Succeeded by Ihor Prasolov
9th Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
9 October 2009 – 11 March 2010
Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko
Oleksandr Turchynov (Acting)
Preceded by Volodymyr Khandohiy
Succeeded by Kostyantyn Gryshchenko
4th Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council
In office
8 February 2005 – 8 September 2005
President Viktor Yushchenko
Preceded by Volodymyr Radchenko
Succeeded by Anatoliy Kinakh
Personal details
Born (1965-09-26) 26 September 1965
Bolhrad, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
Political party Social Democratic Party
(2001–2002; 2012–2014)
Our Ukraine Bloc
Petro Poroshenko Bloc
Spouse(s) Maryna Perevedentseva
Children Olexiy
Residence Mariyinsky Palace (official)
Kozyn, Kiev Oblast (private)
Alma mater Taras Shevchenko National University
Religion Ukrainian Orthodox[1][2]
Military service
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch Soviet Army
Years of service 1984–1986
People's Deputy of Ukraine
3rd convocation
May 12, 1998 – May 14, 2002
Elected as: Independent, Vinnytsia Oblast,
District No.12[3]
4th convocation
May 14, 2002 – September 8, 2005
Elected as: Our Ukraine Bloc, Vinnytsia Oblast, District No.12[4][5]
5th convocation
May 25, 2006 – June 15, 2007
Elected as: Our Ukraine Bloc, No.33[6]
7th convocation
December 12, 2012 – June 3, 2014
Elected as: Independent, Vinnytsia Oblast,
District No.12[7]

Petro Oleksiyovych Poroshenko (Ukrainian: Петро́ Олексі́йович Пороше́нко. It is pronounced Ukrainian pronunciation: ; born 26 September 1965) is the fifth and current President of Ukraine, in office since 2014.[8] He served as the Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2009 to 2010, and as the Minister of Trade and Economic Development in 2012. From 2007 until 2012, Poroshenko headed the Council of Ukraine's National Bank.

Outside government, Poroshenko has been a prominent businessman with a lucrative career in acquiring and building assets. His most recognized ownerships are Roshen, the large-scale confectionery company which has earned him the nickname of 'Chocolate King',[9] and a TV channel 5 kanal, an all-news national TV broadcaster. Due to the scale of his business holdings in manufacturing, agriculture and financial industry, his political influence that included several stings at government prior to his presidency, and ownership of an influential mass-media outlet Poroshenko has long been considered one of the prominent Ukrainian oligarch even though not the most influential among them.

He was elected president on 25 May 2014, capturing more than 54% of the vote in the first round, thereby winning outright and avoiding a run-off.[10][11][12][13][14]


  • Early life and education 1
  • Business career 2
    • Billionaires lists rankings 2.1
    • Associated businesses 2.2
  • Early political career 3
  • Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council 4
  • Foreign Minister and Minister of Trade 5
  • Return to parliament 6
    • 2014 Ukrainian revolution 6.1
    • 2014 presidential campaign 6.2
  • Presidency 7
    • Inauguration 7.1
    • Domestic policy 7.2
      • Peace plan for Eastern Ukraine 7.2.1
      • Reforms in Ukraine 7.2.2
      • Constitutional reform 7.2.3
      • Decentralization of power 7.2.4
      • Dissolution of Parliament 7.2.5
      • Nuclear weapons 7.2.6
      • Decommunization and Deoligarchization 7.2.7
      • Anti-corruption 7.2.8
    • Foreign policy 7.3
      • Russia 7.3.1
      • European Union 7.3.2
      • NATO 7.3.3
      • International 7.3.4
      • International trips 7.3.5
  • Personal life 8
  • Cultural and political image 9
    • Awards 9.1
  • Notes 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

Early life and education

Poroshenko was born in the city of Bolhrad, in Odessa Oblast, on 26 September 1965.[15][16] He also spent his childhood and youth in Bendery (Moldavian SSR, now officially Moldova but under de facto control of the unrecognised breakaway state Transnistria.)[17] where his father Oleksiy was heading a machine building plant. In his youth, Poroshenko practiced judo and sambo, and was Candidate for Master of Sport of the USSR.[18] Despite good grades he was not awarded the normal gold medal at graduation, and on his report card he was given a "C" for his behavior.[2] After getting into a fight with four Soviet Army cadets at the military commissariat, he was sent to army service in the distant Kazakh SSR.[2]

In 1989, Poroshenko graduated, having started studying in 1982, with a degree in economics from the international relations and law department (subsequently the Institute of International Relations) at the

Political offices
Preceded by
Volodymyr Khandohiy
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Kostyantyn Gryshchenko
Preceded by
Andriy Klyuyev
Minister of Trade and Economic Development
Succeeded by
Ihor Prasolov
Preceded by
Oleksandr Turchynov
President of Ukraine
  • Official website for the President of Ukraine
  • Official page on Facebook
  • Official page on Twitter
  • Official channel on YouTube
  • Official page on Google+
  • Official page on Vkontakte
  • Personal website at the Wayback Machine (archived February 2, 2014) (Ukrainian)
  • Euromaidan Overview

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e Luke Harding and Oksana Grytsenko (23 May 2014). "Chocolate tycoon heads for landslide victory in Ukraine presidential election".  
    "The Return of the Prodigal Son, Who Never Left Home".  
    "Who will lead Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate) and where?".
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Ukraine Election: The Chocolate King Rises".  
  3. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the III convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian).  
  4. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the IV convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian).  
  5. ^ "Registered candidates". Elections of the People's Deputies of Ukraine (in Ukrainian).  
  6. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the V convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian).  
  7. ^ "People's Deputy of Ukraine of the VII convocation". Official portal (in Ukrainian).  
  8. ^ a b Lukas Alpert (29 May 2014). "Petro Poroshenko to Be Inaugurated as Ukraine President June 7". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
    "Rada decides to hold inauguration of Poroshenko on June 7 at 1000".  

    "Poroshenko sworn in as Ukrainian president". Interfax-Ukraine. 7 June 2014. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c "Profile: Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko". BBC News. Archived from the original on 26 May 2014. 
  10. ^ "Ukraine talks set to open without pro-Russian separatists".  
  11. ^ "Ukraine elections: Runners and risks".  
  12. ^ "Q&A: Ukraine presidential election". BBC News. 7 February 2010. Archived from the original on 29 April 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Poroshenko wins presidential election with 54.7% of vote - CEC".  
    Внеочередные выборы Президента Украины [Results election of Ukrainian president] (in Русский). Телеграф. 29 May 2014. Archived from the original on 29 May 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "New Ukrainian president will be elected for 5-year term – Constitutional Court".  
  15. ^ "Petro Poroshenko Net Worth". The Richest. Archived from the original on 22 August 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  16. ^ "Kerry heads for crisis talks over Ukraine".  
  17. ^ Continuity and Change in Transnistria’s Foreign Policy after the 2011 Presidential Elections by Marcin Kosienkowski, 2012, (page 38).
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab Poroshenko, President of Ukraine, Centre for Eastern Studies (28 May 2014)
    Events by themes: Poroshenko family, UNIAN
  19. ^ a b "Ukraine's tycoon Poroshenko confirms plans to sell assets".  
  20. ^ (Ukrainian) Saakashvili took over as head of the Odessa Regional State Administration, Deutsche Welle (30 May 2015)
  21. ^ (Russian)/(website has automatic Google Translate option) Short bio, LIGA
  22. ^ Abram Brown (31 March 2014). "The Willy Wonka Of Ukraine Is Now The Leading Presidential Candidate".  
  23. ^ a b "Poroshenko is not going to sell Channel 5 TV". Kyiv Post. 23 May 2010. Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  24. ^ Brian Bonner (8 March 2012). "Eight Ukrainians make Forbes magazine's list of world billionaires".  
  25. ^ "Billionaire No More: Ukraine President’s Fortune Fades With War". Bloomberg Business. May 8, 2015. Retrieved May 22, 2015. 
  26. ^
  27. ^ Концерн "Укрпромінвест" оголосив про ліквідацію [Concern "Ukrprominvest" announced its liquidation] (in Українська).  
  28. ^ Kuzio, Taras and Frishberg, Alex (21 February 2008) Ukrainian Political Update, Frishberg & Partners, page 22
  29. ^ New «region» formed in Ukrainian Parliament, Central European University (26 March 2001)
  30. ^ "Results of voting in single-mandate constituencies".  
  31. ^ Freedom House (2004). Nations in Transit 2004: Democratization in East Central Europe and Eurasia. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 638–.  
  32. ^ Hanly, Ken (25 May 2014). "Op-Ed: Petro Poroshenko the oligarch poised to become Ukraine president".  
  33. ^ Alex Rodriguez (27 September 2005). "In Ukraine, old whiff of scandal in new regime".  
  34. ^ a b c "Biography" (in Русский).  
  35. ^ "Prosecutors Close Criminal Case Against Yushchenko's Close Ally". Kiev Ukraine News Blog. 21 October 2005. 
  36. ^ Tammy M. Lynch (28 October 2005). "Independent standpoint on Ukraine:Dismissal of Prosecutor-General, Closure of Poroshenko Case Create New". ForUm. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  37. ^ a b "Regions Party not to vote for Poroshenko’s appointment Ukraine’s foreign minister".  
  38. ^ "Ukrainian president proposes Petro Poroshenko for foreign minister".  
  39. ^ "Rada appoints Poroshenko Ukraine's foreign minister".  
  40. ^ By 240 out of 440 MPs registered in the session hall. In particular, 151 MPs of the Bloc of Yulia Tymoshenko faction, 63 of the Our Ukraine-People's Self-Defense Bloc, 20 members of the Bloc of Volodymyr Lytvyn, one deputy of the Party of Regions, one member of the Communist Party faction, and four deputies not belonging to any faction voted for the nomination.
  41. ^ "Poroshenko put on Ukraine's NSCD".  
  42. ^ "Poroshenko: Ukraine could join NATO in 1–2 years, with political, public will". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. 4 December 2009. Archived from the original on 30 January 2011. Retrieved 5 December 2009. 
  43. ^ "Mass Media:Poroshenko heads Ministry of Economy".  
  44. ^ "Regions Party: Poroshenko appointed economy minister, Kolobov appointed finance minister". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. 23 February 2012. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2012. 
  45. ^ "President:Prime Minister nominated Petro Poroshenko for Minister of Economy".  
  46. ^ "Ukrainian president wants Poroshenko to head economic development and trade ministry".  
  47. ^ "Poroshenko appointed economic development and trade minister of Ukraine".  
    "Poroshenko explains reasons behind accepting economy minister's post".  
  48. ^ Порошенко Петр Алексеевич [Poroshenko Petr Aleksiyovych] (in Русский).  
  49. ^ (Ukrainian) Candidates single-mandate constituency № 12, RBC Ukraine
  50. ^ Полтавська область. Одномандатний виборчий округ №112 [Vinnytsia region. The single-mandate constituency № 12] (in Українська).  
  51. ^ "Minister Poroshenko and his father registered as self-nominees for Vinnytsia region". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. 15 August 2012. Archived from the original on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012. 
  52. ^ "Poroshenko not intending to join any faction".  
    "Poroshenko fears uncontrolled economic situation in Ukraine due to foreign borrowing". Kyiv Post.  
  53. ^ (Ukrainian) Candidates single-mandate constituency № 16, RBC Ukraine
  54. ^ "Poroshenko’s father changes his mind to withdraw his candidacy from elections".  
  55. ^ "Poroshenko appears set to join race for Kyiv mayor".  
  56. ^ "Interview with Ukrainian presidential candidate Petro Poroshenko". The Washington Post. 25 April 2014. 
  57. ^ "Profile: Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko". BBC News. 28 May 2014. Archived from the original on 30 June 2014. 
  58. ^ "Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president". BBC News. 23 February 2014. Archived from the original on 27 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
    "Ukraine protests timeline". BBC News. 23 February 2014. Archived from the original on 19 February 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  59. ^ Главная | Центр соціальних та маркетингових досліджень SOCIS. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
  60. ^ "Klitschko will run for mayor of Kyiv". Interfax-Ukraine. 29 March 2014. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  61. ^ "Klitschko believes only presidential candidate from democratic forces should be Poroshenko". Interfax-Ukraine. 29 March 2014. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  62. ^ Colin Freeman (29 March 2014). "Petro Poroshenko, the billionaire chocolate baron hoping to become Ukraine's next president". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 30 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014. 
  63. ^ "Ukraine: former boxer Vitaliy Klitschko ends presidential bid and backs Poroshenko".  
  64. ^ "Poroshenko ready to sell Roshen if elected president". Interfax-Ukraine. 2 April 2014. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  65. ^ "Question of Ukraine's membership of NATO may split country – Poroshenko". Interfax-Ukraine. 2 April 2014. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  66. ^ a b c "Poroshenko Declares Victory in Ukraine Presidential Election". The Wall Street Journal. 25 May 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  67. ^ "Polska Razem czarnym koniem? Mocne słowa Gowina" [Polish Total black horse? Strong words Gowin] (in Polski). 12 April 2014. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 14 April 2014. 
  68. ^ "Poroshenko wins presidential election with 54.7% of vote - CEC".  
  69. ^ a b "'"Poroshenko: 'No negotiations with separatists.  
  70. ^ a b c d "Ukraine crisis timeline".  
  71. ^ a b c d e "Poroshenko promises calm 'in hours' amid battle to control Donetsk airport".  
  72. ^ "EU & Ukraine 17 April 2014 FACT SHEET" (PDF).  
  73. ^ Gutterman, Steve; Polityuk, Pavel (18 March 2014). "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions".  
  74. ^ "In Ukrainian election, chocolate tycoon Poroshenko claims victory".  
  75. ^ a b c d e f g "Ukraine president vows not to give up Crimea".  
    "Ukraine's Poroshenko sworn in and sets out peace plan".  
    "Excerpts from Poroshenko's speech". BBC News Online. 7 June 2014. Archived from the original on 8 June 2014. 
    "Ukraine’s President Poroshenko pushes for peace at inauguration".
    "Poroshenko offers escape for rebels but no compromise over weapons". Euronews. 7 June 2014. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. 
    Промова президента України під час церемонії інавгурації. Повний текст [Speech by President of Ukraine during the inauguration ceremony. Full text].
  76. ^ a b На інавгурацію Порошенка прибудуть делегації з 56 країн [At the inauguration Poroshenko come delegations from 56 countries]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Українська). 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  77. ^ "Ukraine: International recognition for President Poroshenko".  
  78. ^ Тимошенко: президент Порошенко - потужний фактор стабільності [Tymoshenko: President Poroshenko - a powerful factor of stability]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Українська). 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  79. ^ "‘Terrorists and bandits’ will be punished, vows Ukraine’s Poroshenko". France 24. 30 May 2014.
  80. ^ "Poroshenko doesn't rule out roundtable in Donetsk involving parties to conflict".  
  81. ^ a b ""Poroshenko warns of ‘detailed Plan B’ if Ukraine ceasefire fails".  
  82. ^ "Ukraine president vows revenge after 19 soldiers killed in rebel rocket attack".  
  83. ^ "'"Maryna Poroshenko: 'I read Kyiv Post.  
  84. ^ Coynash, Halya (8 December 2014). "Poroshenko grants Belarusian Neo-Nazi Ukrainian citizenship". Human Rights in Ukraine. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  85. ^ "Ukraine's warring parties agree to February 15 ceasefire". France 24. 12 February 2015
  86. ^ a b "Documents signed in Minsk don't envision federalization, autonomy for Donbas – Poroshenko". Interfax-Ukraine. 12 February 2015.
  87. ^ a b "Amendments to Ukraine's Constitution to be tabled in parliament this week - Poroshenko".  
  88. ^ "'"Poroshenko suggests granting status of regions to Crimea, Kyiv, Sevastopol, creating new political subdivision of 'community.  
  89. ^ a b "Authorities in Ukrainian regions may be allowed to determine status of national minority languages". Interfax-Ukraine. 26 June 2014. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  90. ^ a b "Ukrainian president proposes to appoint representatives to regions". Interfax-Ukraine. 26 June 2014. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  91. ^ "Ukraine's Poroshenko names new defence chiefs in shake-up". Reuters. 3 July 2014. Archived from the original on 3 July 2014. 
  92. ^ Poroshenko rules out federalization of Ukraine. Interfax-Ukraine. 23 June 2015.
    Ukraine to remain unitary state after constitution is amended – Poroshenko. Interfax-Ukraine. 26 June 2015.
  93. ^ Semi-presidential form of government is optimal for Ukraine – Poroshenko. Interfax-Ukraine. 30 June 2015.
  94. ^ a b Poroshenko Unveils Constitutional Changes, Radio Free Europe (1 July 2015)
  95. ^ "Ukraine President Poroshenko Calls Snap General Election".  
  96. ^ "Ukraine crisis: President calls snap vote amid fighting".  
  97. ^ a b c Ukrainian President dissolves Parliament, announces early elections, United Press International (25 August 2014)
    "Ukraine's Petro Poroshenko Dissolves Parliament, Sets Election Date".  

    President's address on the occasion of early parliamentary elections of October 26, Presidential Administration of Ukraine (25 August 2014)
  98. ^ "Poroshenko hopes early parliamentary elections in Ukraine will take place in October".  
  99. ^ "Poroshenko hopes for early parliamentary elections in Ukraine this fall - presidential envoy".  
  100. ^ "In Ukrainian election, chocolate tycoon Poroshenko claims victory".  
  101. ^ a b "Poroshenko wants coalition to be formed before parliamentary elections".  
    "Solidarity Party to be renamed Bloc of Petro Poroshenko – congress".  
  102. ^ "Poroshenko goes to work".  
  103. ^ Порошенко і порожнеча (in Українська). 16 May 2014. Retrieved 30 August 2014. 
  104. ^ "Ukraine's Party of Regions to choose new leader".  
  105. ^ Ukraine has no ambitions to become nuclear power again – Poroshenko, Interfax-Ukraine (13 December 2014)
  106. ^ a b c Poroshenko signed the laws about decomunization. Ukrayinska Pravda. 15 May 2015
    Poroshenko signs laws on denouncing Communist, Nazi regimes, Interfax-Ukraine. 15 May 20
    Poroshenko: Time for Ukraine to resolutely get rid of Communist symbols, UNIAN. 17 May 2015
    Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols, BBC News (14 April 2015)
  107. ^ (Ukrainian) Poroshenko: time to clear Ukraine from communist symbols, BBC Ukrainian (17 May 2015)
  108. ^ "Ukraine to rewrite Soviet history with controversial 'decommunisation' laws ". The Guardian. 20 April 2015.
  109. ^ "Poroshenko: 'UPA are heroes,' will consider giving veterans legal status". 26 September 2014.
  110. ^ "Poroshenko to Sell Roshen If Elected Ukrainian President: Bild". Bloomberg. April 2, 2014.
  111. ^ "Powerful Ukrainian Governor Kolomoyskiy Resigns". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Last updated (GMT/UTC): 25.03.2015 07:48. Retrieved 2015-06-09. 
  112. ^ Порошенко заборонив будь-яку співпрацю з Росією у військовій сфері [Poroshenko forbade any cooperation with Russia in the military sphere].  
  113. ^ "Ukraine cannot normalize relations with Russia without return of Crimea, says Poroshenko".  
  114. ^ "Eastern Ukraine tensions figure in Putin and Poroshenko talks". Moscow News. 26 August 2014. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 28 August 2014. 
  115. ^ a b c "EU signs pacts with Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova".  
  116. ^ A Tilt Toward NATO in Ukraine as Parliament Meets, The Wall Street Journal (27 November 2014)
  117. ^ Ukraine has no alternative to Euro-Atlantic integration – Ukraine has no alternative to Euro-Atlantic integration – Poroshenko, Interfax-Ukraine (23 December 2014)
    Ukraine abolishes its non-aligned status – law, Interfax-Ukraine (23 December 2014)
    Ukraine’s complicated path to NATO membership, Euronews (23 December 2014)
    Ukraine Takes Step Toward Joining NATO, New York Times (23 December 2014) Ukraine Ends ‘Nonaligned’ Status, Earning Quick Rebuke From Russia], The Wall Street journal (23 December 2014)
  118. ^, Euronews (30 December 2014)
  119. ^ Russia's actions prove need for NATO expansion - Poroshenko, Interfax-Ukraine (22 September 2015)
    Decision on referendum regarding Ukraine's membership in NATO to be made after reforms - Poroshenko, Interfax-Ukraine (22 September 2015)
    Ukraine-NATO cooperation is crucially important for global security due to Russian aggression - Poroshenko, Interfax-Ukraine (22 September 2015)
  120. ^ [[3]
  121. ^ [4]
  122. ^ Порошенко став дідом [Poroshenko became a grandfather].  
  123. ^ a b "The not-very-nice things U.S. officials used to say about Ukraine’s new president".  


  1. ^ The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities.[70][73]



Poroshenko has stated that "Oligarchs are people who seek power in order to further enrich themselves. But I have long fought against bandits who are robbing our country and have destroyed free enterprise".[2] In early 2014, the Russian government-aligned television station NTV aired a film which portrayed Poroshenko extremely negatively.[2]

In 2006, John Herbst, US Ambassador to Ukraine, described Poroshenko as a "disgraced oligarch."[123] Later that same year Sheila Gwaltney, Deputy Chief of Mission at the US Embassy in Ukraine, said that "Poroshenko was tainted by credible corruption allegations."[123]

In Ukraine, Poroshenko is widely seen as a pragmatic politician who sees Ukraine's future in the European Union, but hopes to mend relations with Russia.[9] He is nicknamed 'Chocolate King' because of his ownership of a large confectionery business.[9]

Poroshenko on stage speaking to Euromaidan protesters on 8 December 2013

Cultural and political image

Poroshenko speaks fluent Ukrainian, Russian, English and Romanian.

Poroshenko is a member of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate).[1][2] Poroshenko has financed the restoration of its buildings and monasteries.[1] In high-level meetings he is often seen with a crucifix.[1]

Poroshenko has been married to Maryna since 1984.[18] The couple have four children: Olexiy (born 1985), the twins Yevheniya and Oleksandra (born 2000) and Mykhaylo (born 2001).[18] Olexiy is a representative in the regional parliament of Vinnytsia Oblast.[2] Maryna Poroshenko is a cardiologist, who does not take part in public life, apart from her participation in the activities of the Petro Poroshenko Charity Foundation.[18] Poroshenko became a grandfather on the day of his presidential inauguration of 7 June 2014.[122]

Personal life

International trips

Poroshenko was criticized by Committee to Protect Journalists for signing a decree which banned 41 international journalists and bloggers from entering Ukraine for one year, being labeled as threats to national security.[120] The list includes three BBC journalists, and two Spanish journalist currently missing in Syria, all of whom previously covered the Ukraine crisis. [121]


At his speech at the opening session of the new parliament on 27 November 2014 Poroshenko stated "we’ve decided to return to the course of NATO integration" because "the nonalignment status of Ukraine proclaimed in 2010 couldn’t guarantee our security and territorial integrity".[116] The Ukrainian parliament on 23 December 2013 voted 303 to 8 to repeal a 2010 bill that had made Ukraine a non-aligned state in a bill submitted by Poroshenko.[117] On 29 December 2014 Porohenko vowed to hold a referendum on joining NATO.[118] On 22 September 2015 Poroshenko claimed that "Russia's aggressive actions" proved need for the enlargement of NATO and that the Ukrainian referendum on joining NATO would be held after "every condition for the Ukrainian compliance with NATO membership criteria" was met by "reforming our country".[119]


The [115]

Poroshenko with Angela Merkel and Joe Biden, 7 February 2015

European Union

On 26 August 2014 Poroshenko met with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Minsk where Putin called on Ukraine not to escalate its offensive. Poroshenko responded by demanding Russia halt its supplying of arms to separatist fighters. He said his country wanted a political compromise and promised the interests of Russian-speaking people in eastern Ukraine would be considered.[114]

On Poroshenko's June 2014 Peace plan for Eastern Ukraine Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov commented "it looks like an ultimatum".[81]

At the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe on 26 June 2014 Poroshenko stated that bilateral relations with Russia cannot be normalized unless Russia undoes its unilateral annexation of Crimea and returns its control of Crimea to Ukraine.[113]

In June 2014 Poroshenko forbade any cooperation with Russia in the military sphere.[112]


U.S. President Barack Obama meets with Poroshenko, June 2014

Foreign policy

Poroshenko has signed a decree to approve regulations on the Council of Public Control under the Anti-Corruption Bureau and regulations on setting up the mentioned council.


On 23 March 2015 Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko has accepted the resignation of billionaire Ihor Kolomoisky as governor of Dnipropetrovsk region over the control of oil companies.[111] "There will be no more oligarchs in Ukraine," Poroshenko said adding that "oligarchs must pay more [taxes] that the middle class and more than small business." The president underscored that "the program of de-oligarchization will be put into life". Poroshenko promise that he will fight against the Ukrainian oligarchs.

Poroshenko said in an interview with Germany’s Bild newspaper that "If I am elected, I’ll wipe the slate clean and will sell the Roshen concern. As president of Ukraine, I will and want to only focus on the well-being of the nation."[110]

On 15 May 2015 Poroshenko signed a bill into law that started a six months period for the removal of communist monuments and the mandatory renaming of streets and other public places and settlements with a name related to Communism.[106] According to Poroshenko this was "I did what I had to"; adding "Ukraine as a state has done its job, then historians should work, while the government should take care of the future".[106] Poroshenko believes that the Nazi crimes are on a par with the communist crimes of the Soviet Union.[107] The legislation (Poroshenko signed on 15 May 2015) also provides "public recognition to anyone who fought for Ukrainian independence in the 20th century",[108] including the controversial Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) combatants led by Roman Shukhevych and Stepan Bandera.[106] Poroshenko sees UPA separatist rebels fighting Polish and Soviet authorities in west Ukraine in the 1930s and 1940s as "an example of heroism and patriotism to Ukraine."[109]

Decommunization and Deoligarchization

On 13 December 2014 Poroshenko stated that he did not want Ukraine to become a nuclear power again.[105]

Nuclear weapons

During a 27 August 2014 party congress the party "Solidarity" adopted a new name: "Petro Poroshenko Bloc".[101] "Solidarity" was Poroshenko's former party.[102][103] Because in Ukraine the President is not allowed to be member of a party,[104] Poroshenko became "Bloc of Petro Poroshenko" "Honorary Leader".[101]

Poroshenko had pressed for the elections since his victory in the May 2014 presidential election.[98][99][100]

On 25 August 2014 Poroshenko called a snap election to the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament), to be held 26 October 2014.[95][96] According to him this was necessary "to purify the Rada of the mainstay of [former president] Viktor Yanukovych". These deputies, Poroshenko said, "clearly do not represent the people who elected them".[97] Poroshenko also said that these Rada deputies were responsible for "the [January 2014] Dictatorship laws that took the lives of the Heavenly hundred".[97] Poroshenko also stated that many of the (then) current MPs were "direct sponsors and accomplices or at least sympathizers of militants-separatists".[97]

Dissolution of Parliament

The 1 July 2015 decentralization draft law gave local authorities the right to oversee how their tax revenues are spent.[94] The draft law did not give an autonomous status to Donbass, as demanded by the pro-Russian rebels there, but gave the region partial self-rule for three years.[94]

Poroshenko does not seek to increase his presidential powers.[93]

Poroshenko has repeatedly spoken out against federalization.[86][92]

In mid-June Poroshenko started the process of amending [90] Batkivshchyna, key coalition partner in the Yatsenyuk Government, came out against the plan.[91]

Decentralization of power

Constitutional reform

Reforms in Ukraine

Poroshenko didn't agree to give the autonomous status for Donbass,[85] saying, "Despite strong insistence, we didn't agree to any autonomous status. .. We didn't agree to any compromise on federalization either. There is no autonomy or federalization in the [Minsk] document."[86]

In December 2014, the Kharkiv Human Rights Protection Group (KhPG) condemned Poroshenko for granting Ukrainian citizenship to Belarusian neo-Nazi and Azov Battalion commander of reconnaissance Serhiy Korotkykh.[84]

First Lady of Ukraine Maryna Poroshenko met with Iryna Herashchenko, an envoy to the Peace plan for Eastern Ukraine to discuss possible assistance for people in the affected region.[83]

Poroshenko pledged revenge against separatists after 19 Ukrainian soldiers were killed in a rocket attack: "Militants will pay hundreds of their lives for each life of our servicemen. Not a single terrorist will avoid responsibility. Each of them will be punished".[82]

At the time of his inauguration armed pro-Russian rebels, after a disputed referendums, considered to be illegitimate by the international community, had declared the separatist republics Donetsk People's Republic and Lugansk People's Republic and control a large part of Eastern Ukraine.[66][70] Poroshenko (after his inauguration) launched a so-called "peace" plan envisaged for the recognition of the presidential elections in Ukraine by Russia, a cease-fire by the separatists (named "terrorists" by Poroshenko himself) and the establishment of humanitarian corridor for civilians ("who are not involved in the conflict").[80] Poroshenko warned that he had a "Plan B".[81]

Poroshenko called separatists in the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk people's republics "terrorists and bandits".[79]

Peace plan for Eastern Ukraine

Domestic policy

The inauguration was attended by about 50 foreign delegations, including Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Hungary Viktor Orbán, President of the European Council Herman Van Rompuy, the OSCE Secretary General Lamberto Zannier, UN Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feldman, China's Minister of Culture Cai Wu and Ambassador of Russia to Ukraine Mikhail Zurabov[76][77] Former Prime Minister of Ukraine Yulia Tymoshenko was also present.[75][76] After the inauguration ceremony Tymoshenko said about Poroshenko "I think Ukraine has found a very powerful additional factor of stability".[78]

Poroshenko delivers a speech to the Council of Europe parliamentary assembly in Strasbourg, 26 June 2014.

Poroshenko was inaugurated in the Verkhovna Rada (parliament) on 7 June 2014.[8] In his inaugural address he stressed that Ukraine would not give up Crimea and stressed the unity of Ukraine.[75] He promised an amnesty "for those who do not have blood on their hands" to the separatist and pro-Russia insurgents of the 2014 pro-Russian conflict in Ukraine and to the Ukrainian nationalist groups that oppose them, but added: "Talking to gangsters and killers is not our path".[75] He also called for early regional elections in Eastern Ukraine.[75] Poroshenko also stated that he would sign the economic part of the Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement and that this was the first step towards full Ukrainian EU Membership.[75] During the speech he stated he saw "Ukrainian as the only state language" but also spoke of the "guarantees [of] the unhindered development of Russian and all the other languages".[75] Part of the speech was in Russian.[75]


When it became clear he had won the election on election day evening (on 25 May 2014) Poroshenko announced "My first presidential trip will be to Donbas", where armed pro-Russian rebels had declared the separatist republics Donetsk People's Republic and Lugansk People's Republic and control a large part of the region.[66][70] Poroshenko also vowed to continue the military operations by the Ukrainian government forces to end the armed insurgency claiming "The anti-terrorist operation cannot and should not last two or three months. It should and will last hours."[71] He compared the armed pro-Russian rebels to Somali pirates.[71] Poroshenko also called for negotiations with Russia in the presence of international intermediaries.[71] Russia responded by saying it did not need an intermediary in its bilateral relations with Ukraine.[71] As president-elect Poroshenko promised to return Crimea,[71] which was annexed by Russia in March 2014.[70][72][1] He also vowed to hold new parliamentary elections in 2014.[74]


During his visit in Berlin, Poroshenko stated that separatists "don't represent anybody. We have to restore law and order and sweep the terrorists off the street."[69] He described as "fake" a planned 11 May Donbass status referendums.[69]

Poroshenko's election slogan was: "Live in a new way -- Poroshenko!".[2] On 29 May, the Central Election Commission of Ukraine announced that Poroshenko had won the 25 May presidential election, with 54.7% of the votes.[68]

On 2 April Poroshenko stated, "If I am elected, I will be honest and sell the Roshen Concern."[64] He also said in early April that the level of popular support for the idea of Ukraine's joining NATO was too small to put on the agenda "so as not to ruin the country."[65] He also vowed not to sell his 5 Kanal television channel.[66] On 14 April, Poroshenko publicly endorsed the campaign of Jarosław Gowin's party Poland Together of neighbouring Poland in this year's elections to the European Parliament, thanking Gowin's party colleague Paweł Kowal for supporting Ukraine.[67]

Following the 2014 Ukrainian revolution and the resulting removal of Viktor Yanukovych from the office of President of Ukraine, new presidential elections were scheduled to take place on 25 May 2014.[58] In pre-election polls from March 2014, Poroshenko garnered the most support of all the prospective candidates, with one poll conducted by SOCIS giving him a rating of over 40%.[59] On 29 March he stated that he would run for president; at the same time Vitali Klitschko left the presidential contest, choosing to support Poroshenko's bid.[60][61][62][63]

2014 presidential election percentage of vote for Poroshenko

2014 presidential campaign

In an interview with [56] The BBC reported, "Mr Poroshenko owns 5 Kanal TV, the most popular news channel in Ukraine, which showed clear pro-opposition sympathies during the months of political crisis in Kiev."[57]

Poroshenko refused to join the Yatsenyuk Government (although he introduced his colleague Volodymyr Groysman, the mayor of Vinnitsa, into it), and nor did he join any of the two newly created parliamentary factions Economic Development and Sovereign European Ukraine.[18] During the 2014 Crimean crisis Poroshenko visited Simferopol, in Crimea, prior to its annexation by Russia; "We have to find a compromise," Poroshenko told a crowd gathered in front of the Crimean parliament, but his appeal was drowned by shouts of "Russia, Russia."[2]

During the Euromaidan protests, between November 2013 and February 2014, Poroshenko actively supported the protest, including with financial support.[18] This led to an upsurge of his popularity.[18] He did not participate in negotiations between then President Yanukovych and the Euromaidan Maidan parliamentary opposition parties Batkivshchyna, Svoboda and UDAR.[18]

Ukrainian opposition leaders Vitali Klitschko, Poroshenko (second left) and Arseniy Yatsenyuk (right) with United States Secretary of State John Kerry (second right) at the Munich Security Conference, 2014

2014 Ukrainian revolution

Poroshenko returned to the Verkhovna Rada (parliament) after the 2012 Ukrainian parliamentary election after winning (with more than 70%) as an independent candidate in single-member district number 12 (first-past-the-post wins a parliamentary seat) located in Vinnytsia Oblast.[49][50][51] He did not enter any faction in parliament[52] and became member of the committee on European Integration.[2] Poroshenko's father Oleksiy did intend to take part in the elections too in single-member district number 16 (also located in Vinnytsia Oblast), but withdrew his candidacy for health reasons.[53][54] In mid-February 2013, Poroshenko hinted he would run for Mayor of Kiev in the 2013 Kiev mayoral election.[55]

Return to parliament

Poroshenko claims that he became Minister of Trade and Economic Development in order to help bring Ukraine closer to the EU and get Yulia Tymoshenko released from prison.[2] After he took the post, tax inspectors launched an attack on his business.[2]

In late February 2012 Poroshenko was named as the new Minister of Trade and Economic Development in the Azarov Government;[43][44][45] on 9 March 2012 President Yanukovych stated he wanted Poroshenko to work in the government in the post of economic development and trade minister.[46] On 23 March 2012 Poroshenko was appointed economic development and trade minister of Ukraine by Yanukovych.[47] The same month he stepped down as head of the Council of Ukraine's National Bank.[48]

Ukrainian President Yushchenko nominated Poroshenko for Foreign Minister on 7 October 2009.[37][38] Poroshenko was appointed by the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) on 9 October 2009.[39][40] On 12 October 2009, President Yushchenko re-appointed Poroshenko to the National Security and Defense Council.[41] Poroshenko supported Ukrainian NATO-membership. However, he also stated NATO membership should not be a goal in itself.[42] Although Poroshenko was dismissed as foreign minister on 11 March 2010, President Viktor Yanukovych expressed hope for further cooperation with him.[23]

Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko in the Polish Senate with former Greek prime minister George Papandreou
Poroshenko at the Russian-Ukrainian international commission meeting in 2009

Foreign Minister and Minister of Trade

Poroshenko did not run in the September 2007 parliamentary election.[18] Poroshenko started heading the Council of Ukraine's National Bank in February 2007.[34][37] Between 1999 and 2012 he was a board member of the National Bank of Ukraine.[18]

In the March 2006 parliamentary election Poroshenko was re-elected to the Ukrainian parliament with the support of Our Ukraine electoral bloc.[18] He chaired the parliamentary Committee on Finance and Banking. Allegedly, since Poroshenko claimed the post of Chairman of the Ukrainian Parliament for himself, the Socialist Party of Ukraine chose to be part of the Alliance of National Unity because it was promised that their party leader, Oleksandr Moroz, would be elected chairman if the coalition were formed.[34] This left Poroshenko's Our Ukraine and their ally Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc out of the Government.

In September 2005, highly publicized mutual allegations of corruption erupted between Poroshenko and Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko involving the privatizations of state-owned firms.[1] Poroshenko, for example, was accused of defending the interests of Viktor Pinchuk, who had acquired state firm Nikopol Ferroalloy for $80 million, independently valued at $1 billion.[33] In response to the allegations, Yushchenko dismissed his entire cabinet of ministers, including Poroshenko and Tymoshenko.[34] State prosecutors dismissed an abuse of power investigation against Poroshenko the following month,[35] immediately after Yushchenko dismissed Svyatoslav Piskun, General Prosecutor of Ukraine. Piskun claimed that he was sacked because he refused to institute criminal proceedings against Tymoshenko and refused to drop proceedings against Poroshenko.[36]

Poroshenko attending a U.S. Independence Day celebration at the U.S. Embassy in Kiev, 6 July 2005

Poroshenko was considered a close confidant of Yushchenko, who is godfather to Poroshenko's daughters. Poroshenko was likely to have been the wealthiest businessman among Yushchenko supporters, and was often named as one of the main financial backers of Our Ukraine and the Orange Revolution.[32] After Yushchenko won the presidential elections in 2004, Poroshenko was appointed Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council.[18][19]

In December 2001 Poroshenko broke ranks with Kuchma supporters to become campaign chief of Viktor Yushchenko's Our Ukraine Bloc opposition faction. After parliamentary elections in March 2002 in which Our Ukraine won the biggest share of the popular vote and Poroshenko won a seat in parliament,[18][30] Poroshenko served as head of the parliamentary budget committee, where he was accused of "misplacing 47 million hryvnias" (USD$8.9 million).[31] As a consequence of Poroshenko's Our Ukraine Bloc membership tax inspectors launched an attack on his business.[18] Despite great difficulties, UkrPromInvest managed to survive until Yushchenko became President of Ukraine in 2005.[18]

Poroshenko and Viktor Yushchenko during the meeting before Mukacheve mayoral election on 16 April 2004

Secretary of the National Security and Defense Council

Poroshenko first won a seat in the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian Parliament) in 1998 for the 12th single-mandate constituency. He was initially a member of the United Social Democratic Party of Ukraine (SDPU), the party loyal to president Leonid Kuchma at the time.[18] Poroshenko left SDPU(o) in 2000 to create an independent Left-wing politics-of-Centrism faction, naming it Solidarity.[18][28] In 2001 Poroshenko was instrumental in creating the Party of Regions, also loyal to Kuchma, but Solidarity never completed the merger.[29]

Early political career

A number of businesses were once part of the Ukrprominvest which Poroshenko headed in 1993–1998. The investment group was dissolved in April 2012.[27] Poroshenko has stated that upon beginning his political activity he passed on his holdings to a trust fund.[18]

Associated businesses

According to the annual ranking of the richest people in Ukraine[26] published by the Ukrainian journal Novoye Vremya and conducted jointly with Dragon Capital, a leading investment company in Ukraine, published in October, 2015, president Poroshenko was found the only one from the top ten of the list whose asset value grew since the previous ranking. The estimate of his assets was set at 979 million US dollars, a 20% growth, and his ranking changed from 9-th to 6-th wealthiest person in Ukraine. The article noted that Poroshenko remained one of the only two European leaders who owned a business empire of such scale, with Silvio Berlusconi being the other one.

In March 2012, Forbes placed him on the Forbes list of billionaires at 1,153rd place, with $1 billion.[24] As of May 2015, Poroshenko's net worth was about $720 million (Bloomberg estimate), losing 25 percent profit ever since Russia's ban of Roshen products and the state of the Ukrainian economy.[25]

Billionaires lists rankings

Although not the most prominent in the list of his business holdings, the assets that drew much recent media attention, and often controversy, are the confectionery factory in Lipetsk, Russia, that became controversial due to the 2014–15 Russian military intervention in Ukraine, the Sevastopol Marine Plant (Sevmorzavod) that has been confiscated after the 2014 Russian forcible annexation of Crimea and the media outlet 5 kanal, particularly because of Poroshenko's repeated refusal to sell an influential media asset following his accession to presidency.

Between 1996 and 1998, UkrPromInvest acquired control over several state-owned confectionery enterprises which were combined into the Roshen group in 1996, creating the largest confectionery manufacturing operation in Ukraine.[18] His business success in the confectionery industry earned him the nickname "Chocolate King".[22] Poroshenko's business empire also includes several car and bus plants, Leninska Kuznya shipyard, the 5 Kanal television channel,[23] as well as other businesses in Ukraine.

In 1993, Poroshenko, together with his father Oleksiy and colleagues from the Road Traffic Institute in Kiev, created the UkrPromInvest Ukrainian Industry and Investment Company, which specialised in confectionery (and later other agricultural processing industries) and the automotive industry.[18] Poroshenko was director-general of the company from its founding until 1998, when in connection with his entry into parliament he handed the title over to his father, while retaining the title of honorary president.[18]

Business career

Poroshenko's brother, Mykhailo, older by eight years, died in a 1997 car accident under mysterious circumstances.[21]

From 1989 to 1992 Poroshenko was an assistant at the university’s international economic relations department.[18] While still a student, he founded a legal advisory firm mediating the negotiation of contracts in foreign trade, and then he undertook the negotiations himself, starting to supply cocoa beans to the Soviet chocolate industry in 1991.[18] At the same time, he was deputy director of the ‘Republic’ Union of Small Businesses and Entrepreneurs, and the CEO “Exchange House Ukraine”.[18]

In 1984 Poroshenko married a medical student, Maryna Perevedentseva (born 1962).[18] Their first son, Oleksiy, was born in 1985 (his three other children were born in 2000 and 2001).[18]


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