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Personal Rights in Defense and Education

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Personal Rights in Defense and Education

Personal Rights in Defense and Education (PRIDE) was a gay political organization. Established in 1966 as a radical gay political organization that from its origination set a new tone for gay political groups like the Gay Liberation Front (GLF), ACT UP and the Radical Faeries.[1][2] PRIDE led aggressive, in your face, demonstrations against the oppression by the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) of gay gatherings or same-sex meetings in the city of Los Angeles.[3][4] PRIDE's monthly single-page newsletter evolved into The Advocate, the nation's longest running gay news publication.[2]

History

PRIDE is an acronym for Personal Rights in Defense and Education. The organization was formed in [7]

But what PRIDE did better than any other group was to organize large groups of disenfranchised youth to demonstrate against any group or person that denied the gay community their equal rights or dignity.[7] Not surprisingly the Police (LAPD) was often targeted because of its aggressive and openly violent oppression of gays. The raid on the Sunset Junction area.[2] This happened a full two years prior to the gay rights riots at the Stonewall Inn, NYC. PRIDE ran fundraising efforts for the six customers arrested during the raid at the Black Cat Tavern who were convicted. The case went all the way to the United States Supreme Court. The Court refused to hear the case and the convictions were sustained.[9]

PRIDE published a newsletter under the guidance of Richard Mitch starting in 1966. The early issues were simply printed on school-style mimeographed press. In late summer of 1967 Richard Mitch and his boyfriend Bill Rau worked to ramp up the PRIDE newsletter into a full gay newspaper. The first issue was only 500 copies.[10] The publication got a new, more official sounding name, The Los Angeles Advocate.[11][12] The cover story was entitled "GAY POWER."[12] Eventually PRIDE and its fledgling publication diverged with differing agendas[13] and Richard Mitch, Sam Winston and Bill Rand purchased the rights to the publication for $1.00.[13] The Advocate was now a stand-alone institution and grew to become the first national gay publication.[12] and is still in operation today as a national magazine.[10][14] as part of the here! media conglomerate, which also includes Out magazine.[10][12][14]

In late 1968 PRIDE under tremendous pressure from all sides (gay and straight) to cease its aggressive radical approach and activities[15] was dissolved by its founders.[15]

References

  1. ^ a b Gay LA, Page 154, Authors Faderman & Timmons, University of California Press, 2006
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Gay LA, Page 155, Authors Faderman & Timmons, University of California Press, 2006
  3. ^ Gay LA, Page 170, Authors Faderman & Timmons, University of California Press, 2006
  4. ^ a b Third issue of the "Los Angeles Advocate" (Volume 1 #3, November 1967)
  5. ^ Gay LA, Page 287, Authors Faderman & Timmons, University of California Press, 2006
  6. ^ Gay LA, Page 90, Authors Faderman & Timmons, University of California Press, 2006
  7. ^ a b c Gay LA, Page 156, Authors Faderman & Timmons, University of California Press, 2006
  8. ^ The Gay Metropolis: The Landmark History of Gay Life in America, Page 171, Author Charles Kaiser, Houghton Mifflin Then Grove Press, copyright 1997 then 2007
  9. ^ Gay LA, Page 157, Authors Faderman & Timmons, University of California Press, 2006
  10. ^ a b c Encyclopedia of gay and lesbian popular culture, Page 1, Author Luca Prono, Greenwood Press, 2008
  11. ^ Make love, not war: the sexual revolution, an unfettered history , Page 153, Author David Allyn, Routledge/ the Little Brown Company, Copyright 2001
  12. ^ a b c d Gay LA, Page 159, Authors Faderman & Timmons, University of California Press, 2006
  13. ^ a b The hippie dictionary: a cultural encyclopedia (and phraseicon) of the 1960s ,Page 646, Author John Bassett McCleary, Ten Speed Press, 2002, 2004
  14. ^ a b "Tyler and Brad's Index to Early Gay Publications & Periodicals Regional Index Page 6 Southern California 2, LA ADVOCATE". Tyleralpern.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 
  15. ^ a b "L Leather History Timeline". Leatherarchives.org. Retrieved 2013-12-02. 

External links

  • Gay Metropolis: The Landmark History of Gay Life in America, By Charles Kaiser
  • Encyclopedia of Gay, Lesbien, Bisexual, Trandgender & Queer Culture
  • Gay L.A.: a history of sexual outlaws, power politics, and lipstick lesbians, By Lillian Faderman, Stuart Timmons
  • Bohemian Los Angeles and the making of modern politics By Daniel Hurewitz
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