World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0004050647
Reproduction Date:

Title: Pandanaceae  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Martellidendron, Sararanga, Arecidae, Pandanus boninensis, Pandanus elatus
Collection: Monocot Families, Pandanales
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Pandanus tectorius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Pandanales
Family: Pandanaceae

Benstonea Callm. & Buerki
Freycinetia Gaudich.
Martellidendron (Pic.Serm.) Callm. & Chassot
Pandanus Parkinson
Sararanga Hemsl.

Pandanaceae is a family of flowering plants native to the tropics and subtropics of the Old World, from West Africa through the Pacific. It contains over 1000 species[2] in five genera,[3] of which the type genus, Pandanus, is the most important. It is an ancient family dating from the early to mid-Cretaceous.[4]


Pandanaceae includes trees, shrubs, lianas, vines, epiphytes, and perennial herbs.[5] Stems may be simple or bifurcately branched, and may have aerial prop roots. The stems bear prominent leaf scars. The leaves are very long and narrow, sheathing, simple, undivided, with parallel veins; the leaf margins and abaxial midribs are often prickly.[6]

The plants are dioecious. The inflorescences are terminally borne racemes, spikes or umbels, with subtended spathes, which may be brightly colored. The flowers are minute and lack perianths. Male flowers contain numerous stamens with free or fused filaments. Female flowers have a superior ovary, usually of many carpels in a ring, but may be reduced to a row of carpels or a single carpel. Fruits are berries or drupes,[5] usually multiple.[7]


Pandanaceae includes five genera: Benstonea, Freycinetia, Martellidendron, Pandanus, and Sararanga.[3] Benstonea (as subgenus "Acrostigma")[8] and Martellidendron[4] were formerly considered subgenera of Pandanus, but were recognized as distinct genera based on DNA sequencing.[8][4]


  1. ^ Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III" (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121.  
  2. ^ Pandanaceae—The Plant List
  3. ^ a b NCBI Taxonomy Browser
  4. ^ a b c , and its biogeographic implicationsPandanaceae, a new genus of Martellidendroningentaconnect: Recognition of
  5. ^ a b Pandanaceae in Monocot families (USDA)
  6. ^ Pandanaceae in Flora of China
  7. ^ L. Watson and M. J. Dallwitz. The families of flowering plants: Pandanaceae
  8. ^ a b (Pandanaceae): When a visionary taxonomist foresees phylogenetic relationshipsBenstoneaUpdate on the systematics of  PDF (50 KB)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.