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Otto Deßloch

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Otto Deßloch

Otto Dessloch
Otto Dessloch
Born (1889-06-11)11 June 1889
Died 13 May 1977(1977-05-13) (aged 87)
Allegiance German Empire (to 1918)
Weimar Republic (to 1933)
Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1910–45
Rank Generaloberst
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Otto Dessloch[Note 1] (11 June 1889 – 13 May 1977) was a German World War II Luftwaffe general and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.

Dessloch was born at Bamberg. During World War II Dessloch commanded Luftwaffe units in the Eastern Front. After Paris was liberated by the Allied forces Dessloch commanded an air unit which avenged the liberation by bombing the city destroying civilian targets and killing 200 French civilians on September 1944.[1]

According to the Yad Vashem Memorial in Israel, Otto Dessloch is a war criminal.[2]

He died in Munich in 1977.


Wehrmachtbericht references

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
4 August 1943 In der Schlacht am Mius haben Infanterie- und Panzerverbände des Heeres und der Waffen-SS unter Führung des Generalfeldmarschalls von Manstein und des Generals der Infanterie Hollidt mit vorbildlicher Unterstützung der von General der Flieger Deßloch geführten Luftwaffenverbände wiederholt Durchbruchsversuche starker feindlicher Kräfte vereitelt und im schwungvollen Gegenangriff den nördlich Kuibyschewo eingebrochenen Feind geschlagen.[6] In the Battle at the Mius, infantry and tank units of the Army and Waffen-SS under the command of Field Marshal von Manstein and General of Infantry Hollidt with exemplary support of Luftwaffe units lead by General of the Flyers Deßloch, have repeatedly thwarted attempts of strong enemy forces to break through, and in a bold counter-attack struck the north Kuibyschewo broken through enemy.
30 October 1944 An diesem großen Erfolg haben Panzerverbände unter dem Befehl des Generals der Panzertruppe Breith und Verbände einer Luftflotte unter Führung von Generaloberst Deßloch hervorragenden Anteil.[7] Armored units under the command of General of Panzer Troops Breith and units of an air fleet under the command of Colonel General Deßloch have an outstanding share in this great success.


  1. ^ His name, in German, is spelled with a "sharp S"; see ß.


  1. ^ Mitcham 2007, pp. 185–195.
  2. ^ Yad Vashem Photo Archive, Germany, War criminal Otto Dessloch
  3. ^ a b c d Thomas 1997, p. 115.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 159.
  5. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 82.
  6. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 2, p. 532.
  7. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 313.

External links

  • Lexikon der Wehrmacht
Military offices
Preceded by
Commander of Kampfgeschwader 155
1 April 1936 – 1 February 1938
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Wilhelm Süssmann
Preceded by
Commander of II. Flakkorps
30 October 1939 – 31 March 1942
Succeeded by
General der Flakartillerie Job Odebrecht
Preceded by
Generalfeldmarschall Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen
Commander of Luftflotte 4
4 September 1943 – 17 February 1944
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Alexander Holle
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Alexander Holle
Commander of Luftflotte 4
28 September 1944 – 21 April 1945
Succeeded by
redesignated to Luftwaffenkommando 4
Preceded by
Generalfeldmarschall Robert Ritter von Greim
Commander of Luftflotte 6
27 April 1945 – 8 May 1945
Succeeded by
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