World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Muhammad Speaks

Article Id: WHEBN0003326497
Reproduction Date:

Title: Muhammad Speaks  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Nation of Islam, African-American newspapers, Your Black Muslim Bakery, Savannah Tribune, Richmond Free Press
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Muhammad Speaks

Muhammad Speaks, now known as the Muslim Journal,[1] was one of the most widely read Nation of Islam under Elijah Muhammad. After Muhammad's death it was renamed several times. A number of rival journals were also published, claiming to continue the message of the original.


  • Origins 1
  • Renamings 2
  • Competing titles 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad began the publication on May 1960.[2][3] Its first issue bore the title Some of this Earth to Call Our Own or Else. A weekly publication, it was distributed nationwide by the N.O.I. and covered current events around the world as well as relevant news in African-American communities, especially items concerning the Nation of Islam itself.

The paper was sold door-to-door and on street corners by Nation of Islam members (Fruit of Islam), at select newsstands in major cities and in the temples of the Nation of Islam. In his The Autobiography of Malcolm X, activist Malcolm X claimed to have founded the newspaper, but this has not been independently confirmed. According to the current Nation of Islam, Malcolm X helped create Mr. Muhammad Speaks, a different newspaper distributed locally in New York City.[4] It is also believed that Jabir Herbert Muhammad had a hand in starting the paper also.

In addition to NOI-based ventures, Elijah Muhammad had used the nation's Pittsburgh Courier, at the time the nation's largest black-owned newspaper, generated more letters to the editor than any other feature in the newspaper.[5]


Following the death of Elijah Muhammad, his son and successor Warith Deen Muhammad renamed the newspaper Bilalian News in 1975. The title was a reference to Bilal ibn Rabah, the first known black African follower of the prophet Muhammad. The renaming was part of Warith Deen's project to realign the Nation of Islam with mainstream Sunni Islam.

The newspaper was renamed once more in 1981, becoming World Muslim News, and was finally given the name Muslim Journal, which is still in circulation today.[1]

Competing titles

In 1979, Minister Nation of Islam, which had been re-founded in reaction to Warith Deen's reforms. The title derives from the original newspaper of The Nation of Islam, called The Final Call to Islam, published by Elijah Muhammad in the 1930s. The Final Call is currently the only National Black newspaper in America.

There are a number of publications that hold claims to continuing in the tradition of the original paper, such as "Muhammad Speaks Newspaper"[6] published out of Detroit, Michigan, by Minister Levi Karim, and one of the same name published by Minister Wasim Muhammad in Camden, New Jersey. The Muhammad Speaks in Detroit and Camden is published by followers of Elijah Muhammad who assert that they hold on to the traditional practices of Elijah Muhammad.


  1. ^ a b Lincoln, C. Eric (1994), The Black Muslims in America, Third Edition, William B. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Company), p. 275.
  2. ^ Lincoln (1994), The Black Muslims in America, p. 127.
  3. ^ Edward E. Curtis, Islam in Black America: identity, liberation, and difference in African-American Islamic thought, SUNY Press, 2002, p. 74.
  4. ^ Muhammad, Askia (March 10, 2000). "Muhammad Speaks A Trailblazer in the newspaper industry". Final Call. Retrieved March 23, 2009. 
  5. ^ Mattias Gardell, In the Name of Elijah Muhammad, Duke University Press 1996
  6. ^

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.