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Muchelney Abbey

 

Muchelney Abbey

Muchelney Abbey
Stone building with square tower. In the foreground are low walls of the ruins among the grass.
The Church of St Peter and St Paul in the background. In the foreground are the ruins of the main Abbey building.
Muchelney Abbey is located in Somerset
Muchelney Abbey
Location within Somerset
Monastery information
Order Benedictine
Established 10th century
Disestablished 1538
People
Founder(s) Cynewulf, Centwine, Ine, Æthelstan and Æthelred
Site
Location Muchelney, Somerset, England

Muchelney Abbey is an English Heritage property in the village of Muchelney in the Somerset Levels, England. The site consists of ruined walls showing the layout of the abbey buildings constructed from the 7th to 16th and the remaining intact Abbott's House. It is next to the parish church in which some of the fabric of the abbey has been reused.

It comprises the remains and foundations of a medieval Benedictine abbey, the site of an earlier Anglo-Saxon abbey, and an early Tudor house dating from the 16th century, formerly the lodgings of the resident Abbot, which is now a Grade I listed building.[1] The ruins of the abbey have been scheduled as an ancient monument.[2][3]

The abbey was founded in the 7th or 8th century, damaged by Viking raids and rebuilt and refounded in the 10th century. It owned and managed local land. The buildings were expanded from the 12th to 16th centuries until its dissolution in 1538. Most of the buildings were demolished and the stone used in local buildings, although the Abbot's House and reredorter survive. Some of the tiles and other decorative features from the monastic church were reused in the adjacent parish Church of St Peter and St Paul. Since 1927 the ruins have been in public ownership.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Architecture 2
  • References 3
  • Bibliography 4
  • External links 5

History

The site of the Abbey was effectively an island in the marshy and frequently flooded

  • Mulchelney Abbey - official site at English Heritage

External links

Bibliography

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b c Adkins & Adkins 1992, pp. 88-90.
  6. ^ Quinn 2008, p. 23.
  7. ^ Dunning 2001, p. 19.
  8. ^
  9. ^ Hugo 1859, p. 3.
  10. ^ a b c d Page 1911.
  11. ^
  12. ^ Williams & Williams 1992, pp. 43-44.
  13. ^ Storer 1985, p. 27.
  14. ^
  15. ^ Dunning 2003, p. 48-49.
  16. ^ Dunning 2001, p. 90.
  17. ^
  18. ^ Dunning 2001, p. 61.
  19. ^ a b
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^ a b
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^

References

A barn west of the abbey is a scheduled monument.[30]

An unusual attraction is the nearby thatched two-storey monks' reredorter or lavatory, which is considered unique in Britain.[19][29]

The only intact structure is the Abbot's House with well-preserved architectural features including external stonework and inside a great chamber with ornate fireplace, carved settle and stained glass, and timber roof.[27] Some of the wall paintings within the abbots house are in need of restoration.[28]

The Abbey is the second largest in Somerset after Glastonbury. The church is 192 feet (59 m) long and 52 feet (16 m) wide.[22] Of the main building only some foundation walls remain. The south cloister walk and the north wall of a refectory are other surviving features. The south cloister includes remnants of the arcading and fan vault ceiling.[26]

Abbot's House at Muchelney Abbey

Architecture

In 1927 the ruins of the abbey were taken over by the Office of Works,[24] and later passed to English Heritage.[5] The Abbot's House was designated as a Grade I listed building in 1959.[1][25]

In 1538 the Abbey with all land and possessions was surrendered by the monks to Henry VIII in the course of the Dissolution of the Monasteries. The main buildings of the abbey were then demolished,[19] although some of the decorative floor tiles were relaid in the neighbouring Church of St Peter and St Paul.[20] The whole property and advowson was then granted to Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford, later 1st Duke of Somerset.[10] On his execution in 1552 it reverted to The Crown. Stone from the abbey was used in many of the local buildings.[21] In 1872 when collecting stone labourers found a blue stone coffin lid under which the pavement of the 14th century lady chapel was uncovered.[22] In 1924 a pageant was held at the site, involving around 500 people, representing the history of the abbey from its foundation to the dissolution.[23]


In the inquiry into monastic finances of 1535, Muchelney was recorded as distributing £6 13s 4d in cash as alms.[18]

The ruins of the abbey and the Abbot's House.

Between the 13th century and the dissolution five monks were sent from Muchelney to the University of Oxford studying at either Canterbury College or Gloucester College.[16] By the 16th century the Abbey included an Abbey Church, the demesne farm barton, an almonry, the parish church of St Peter and St Paul with its vicarage, and a Cross dating from the 15th century (moved in 1830 to near the parish church).[17] The monastic church was built on the site of an early Saxon Church.[5]

Much of the building was carried out in the 12th century. The abbot successfully appropriated the nearby Perry Moor and surrounding areas and was involved in their drainage and management.[13] Around 1308 the abbey built The Priest's House for the parish priest. It is now owned by the National Trust. It has been designated as a grade II listed building.[14] Much of the abbey was rebuilt under abbots William Wyke (1489-1504) and Thomas Broke (1505-1522) with the funding being provided by the leasing of the Demesne farm.[15]

According to the 11th century Domesday survey, Benedictine Muchelney owned Muchelney, Midelney and Thorney islands.[10] At that time in 1086 the abbey paid a tax of 6,000 elels a year caught from the local rivers and marshes.[12]

[11].Lady Ailesbury in 1946 on permanent loan from Museum of Somerset The charters were placed in the [10]

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