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Montenegrin parliamentary election, 2009

 

Montenegrin parliamentary election, 2009

Montenegrin parliamentary election
Montenegro
width="" colspan=4 |
2006 ←
March 29, 2009
→ 2012
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width="" colspan = 4 style="text-align: center" | All 81 seats to the Skupština Crne Gore
  Majority party Minority party
  150px
Leader Milo Đukanović Srđan Milić
Party DPS/SDP SNP CG
Last election 43 (41 DPS-SDP & 2 BS) 8 (11 in coalition)
Seats won 48 16
Seat change +5 +8
Popular vote 168,290 54,545
Percentage 51.94% 16.83%
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File:Parl2009Mont.png

width="" colspan=4 style="text-align: center" | Map showing winning parties in each municipality.
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PM before election

Milo Đukanović
DPS CG

Elected PM

Milo Đukanović
DPS CG

Pre-term parliamentary elections were held in Montenegro on 29 March 2009. In addition to elections for the unicameral Parliament of Montenegro, concurrent local elections were held in Nikšić and Budva, as well as municipal presidential elections in Herceg Novi and Tivat.[1] The parliamentary elections were the eighth since the reintroduction of multi-party system in 1990, and the second since regaining full independence in 2006.

Background

President Filip Vujanović the parliamentary elections on 27 January 2009, after the Parliament of Montenegro decided the previous day to shorten its term, although this decision was controversial. The Constitutional Act that proclaimed the new constitution of 2007 stipulated that elections had to be held by the end of 2009.[2]

Application of electoral lists occurred from 16 February to 4 March 2009, and election silence began on 27 March 2009.[3] The number of MPs being elected was uncertain, because the matter was never solved before the election was scheduled. Based on a count of one MP per six thousand eligible voters, the number of MPs should have been 82. However, the Constitution stipulated 81, as there were in the present outgoing session, and this was the number of MPs actually elected.

The pre-electoral process had been marked by several major incidents, such as the revocation of citizenship of Predrag Popović, president of the People's Party,[4] the violation of the human right to work during the formation of the coalition treaty of Prime Minister Milo Đukanović's ruling coalition, which would make party affiliation a criterion for employment, and repeated protests by discontented workers pushed into poverty.[5][6] Additionally, representative groups of Montenegro's minority communities unanimously declared the forthcoming elections illegal and contrary to constitutional protections granted to ethnic communities.

Electoral system

Elections in Montenegro are free, with the right of secret ballot guaranteed. Because the country has a single national voting district, all votes cast at individual voting stations across the country went towards a single total. The electoral threshold was 3%, so electoral lists receiving under three percent of the total votes cast were crossed out, and the MPs within the assembly were split amongst the remaining lists. Seats were distributed by the D'Hondt method, which slightly favors leading lists above the smaller ones. The Parliament's mandate lasts four years.

Electoral lists

Albanian minority parties

Results

The Coalition for a European Montenegro won an absolute majority of seats, with approximately 65 percent voter turnout, securing Milo Đukanović a sixth term as Prime Minister.[7][8]

e • d Summary of the 29 March 2009 Assembly of the Republic of Montenegro election results
List Votes  % Seats +/–
Main Albanian
European MontenegroMilo Đukanović (Европска Црна Гора – Мило Ђукановић) 168,290 51.94 47 1 +5
SNP – Socialist People's Party of MontenegroSrđan Milić (СНП – Социјалистичка народна партија Црне Горе – Срђан Милић) 54,545 16.83 16 +8
New Serb DemocracyAndrija Mandić (Нова српска демократија – Андрија Мандић) 29,885 9.22 8 +8
Movement for Changes – We Can – Nebojša Medojević (Покрет за промјене – Можемо – Небојша Медојевић) 19,546 6.03 5 –6
People's Coalition – People's Party and Democratic Serb Party (Народњачка коалиција – Народна странка и Демократска српска странка) 9,448 2.92 0 –3
Coalition of the Liberal Party and the Democratic Centre – "For a Different Montenegro" – Dr Goran Batrićević (Коалиција Либералне партије и Демократског центра – „За другачију Црну Гору“ – др Горан Батрићевић) 8,777 2.71 0 –1
Party of Pensioners and Disabled People of Montenegro (Странка пензионера и инвалида Црне Горе) 7,691 2.37
UDSH – DUA Ferhat Dinosha (UDSH – ДУА Ферхат Диноша) 4,747 1.46 1 ±0
Serb National List (Српска национална листа) 4,291 1.32 0 –2
"Bosniacs and Muslims Together, as One" („Бошњаци и Муслимани заједно, једно“) 3,489 1.08
FORCANazif Cungu (ФОРЦА – Назиф Цунгу) 2,939 1.91 1 +1
Albanian List: Democratic League in MontenegroMehmet Bardhi & Albanian AlternativeGjergj Camaj (Албанска листа – Lista Shqiptare: Демократски савез у Црној Гори – Lidhja Demokratike në Mal të Zi – Мехмет Бардли & Албанска алтернатива – Alternativa Shqiptare – Ђерђ Чамај) 2,898 0.89 1 –1
"Albanian Coalition – Perspective" („Албанска коалиција – Перспектива“ "Koalicioni Shqiptar – Perspektiva") 2,619 0.81 1 +1
Fatherland Serbian Party – Docent Dr Aleksandar Stamatović – "For the True Serbs" (Отаџбинска српска странка – Доцент др Александар Стаматовић – „За истинске Србе“) 2,446 0.75
Montenegrin Communists (Црногорски комунисти) 1,594 0.49
Party of Democratic Prosperity (Партија демократског просперитета – Partia e Prosperitetit Demokratik) 805 0.25
Valid votes 323,990 100 76 5
Total (turnout 66.19%; –5.18%) 329,818

See also

References

Further reading

  • Analysis by the International Institute for Middle East and Balkan studies
  • Analysis by the French Robert Schuman Foundation

External links

  • The Electoral Commission
  • Check of the Electoral List
  • The Center for Monitoring CEMI
  • The Center for Democratic Transition
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