World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Laundry symbol

Article Id: WHEBN0000168315
Reproduction Date:

Title: Laundry symbol  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Laundry, Dry cleaning, Swing tag, Ironman (ironing), Pictograms
Collection: Consumer Symbols, Laundry, Pictograms
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Laundry symbol

Laundry care symbols with instructions in Japanese. The four symbols shown indicate that the garment must not be washed in water, must not be bleached, may be ironed only with a protective pressing cloth, and must be dry cleaned.

A laundry symbol, also called a care symbol, is a pictogram which represents a method of washing, for example drying, dry-cleaning and ironing clothing. Such symbols are written on labels, known as care labels or care tags, attached to clothing to indicate how a particular item should best be cleaned. Standard symbols for these care labels differ by region. In some standards, pictograms coexist with or are complemented by written instructions.

Treatment indicated by the symbols is "the maximum permitted treatment" and is not required or recommended. GINETEX states that "milder forms of treatment and lower temperatures than those indicated on the label are always permitted." For example, if a symbol indicates washing in hot water and tumble drying, washing in cold water and drying on a clothes line are also acceptable.

The Canadian system was formerly the most colorful one, using three colours: green for "go ahead", yellow for "be careful", and red for "stop". This system has been abandoned with the decision to move to a common North American scheme.[1]

Contents

  • Europe 1
    • General 1.1
    • Washing 1.2
    • Bleaching 1.3
    • Drying 1.4
      • Tumble drying 1.4.1
      • Natural drying 1.4.2
    • Ironing 1.5
    • Professional cleaning 1.6
      • Chemical cleaning 1.6.1
      • Wet cleaning 1.6.2
  • National and international standards 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Europe

GINETEX, based in France, is the European association for textile care labelling, and formed in 1963 after academic conferences in the late 1950s were formed to define one standard of labelling.

General

The care label describes the allowable treatment of the garment without damaging the textile. Whether this treatment is necessary or sufficient, is not stated. A milder than specified treatment is always acceptable. The symbols are protected and their use is required to comply with the license conditions. Incorrect labelling is prohibited. A bar below each symbol calls for a gentler treatment than usual and a double bar for a very gentle treatment.

Washing

A stylized washtub is shown, and the number in the tub means the maximum wash temperature (degrees Celsius). A bar under the tub signifies a gentler treatment in the washing machine. A double bar signifies very gentle handling. A hand in the tub signifies that only (gentle) hand washing (not above 40°C) is allowed. A cross through washtub means that the textile may not be washed under normal household conditions.

In the European standard, the level of wash agitation recommended is indicated by bars below the wash tub symbol. Absence of bar indicates a maximum agitation (cotton wash), a single bar indicates medium agitation (synthetics cycle) and a double bar indicates very minimal agitation (silk/wool cycle).[2] The bar symbols also indicate the level of spin recommended with more bars indicating lower preferred spin speed.[3]

Bleaching

An empty triangle (formerly lettered Cl) allows the bleaching with chlorine or non-chlorine bleach. Two oblique lines in the triangle prohibit chlorine bleaching. A crossed triangle prohibits any bleaching.

Drying

A circle in the square symbolizes a clothes dryer. One dot requires drying at reduced temperature and two dots for normal temperature. The crossed symbol means that the clothing does not tolerate machine drying. In the U.S. and Japan, there are other icons for natural drying.

Tumble drying

Natural drying

Ironing

The iron with up to three dots allows for ironing. The number of dots are assigned temperatures: One point means 110°C, two points means 150°C and three points means 200°C. An iron with a cross prohibits ironing.

Professional cleaning

A circle identifies the possibilities of professional cleaning. A bar under the symbol means clean gently, and two bars means very gentle cleaning.

Chemical cleaning

The letters P and F in a circle are for the different solvents used by professional dry cleaners.

Wet cleaning

The letter W in a circle is for professional wet cleaning.

National and international standards

Although there is an international standard that has been agreed by the ISO and within Europe by the EU, copyright laws make it difficult to publish these widely. However there have been attempts to summarize the main national and international standards.[4]

References

  1. ^ Guide to Apparel and Textile Care Symbols, Office of Consumer Affairs, Canada
  2. ^ http://www.ginetex.net/files/pdf/gin_pfle_kar_ch_gb_web_rz.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.ginetex.net/files/pdf/gin_pfle_bro_ch_gb_web_rz.pdf
  4. ^ "Caring About the Consumers Beyond the Label" (PDF). Intertek.com. Intertek. 2014. Retrieved 2014-04-20. 

External links

  • European Wash Care symbols showing agitation levels
  • ISO 3758:2012 - Textiles -- Care labelling code using symbols
  • care-labelling.co.uk - Home Laundering Consultative Council - What Symbols Mean
  • ic.gc.ca - The revised Canadian standard
  • butiksdatabasen.se - Swedish washing symbols
  • textileaffairs.com - United States care symbols
  • indiantextilejournal.com - Further care symbols, including Japanese
  • CFAccessories.com - US, Japanese, and UK woven washing label symbols
  • Laundry Guide to Common Care Symbols – Textile Industry Affairs
  • Guide to Common Home Laundering & Drycleaning Symbols – Textile Industry Affairs
  • Washing Symbols – A Printable Guide
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.