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Kurt Gröschke

Kurt Gröschke
Kurt Gröschke
Born (1907-07-17)17 July 1907
Died 26 March 1996(1996-03-26) (aged 88)
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1937–45
Rank Major of the Reserves
Commands held II./Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 1
Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 15
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Kurt Gröschke (17 July 1907 – 26 March 1996), was a German Fallschirmjäger (paratrooper) during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership.


Wehrmachtbericht reference

Date Original German Wehrmachtbericht wording Direct English translation
29 July 1944 (Addendum) In den schwere Kämpfen im Raum St. Lo – Lassay haben sich in den letzten Wochen in Abwehr und Gegenangriff besonders ausgezeichnet:
Die 17. SS-Panzergrandier-Division "Götz von Berlichingen" unter Führung ihres schwer verwundeten Kommandeurs Brigadeführer Ostendorff und seines Vertreters Standartenführer Baum,
die 353. Infanterie-Division unter Führung ihres Divisionskommandeurs Generalleutnant Mahlmann,
das Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 5 unter seinem Kommandeur Major Heinz Becker,
das Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 9 unter seinem Kommandeur Major Kurt Stephani und das Fallschirmjäger-Regiment 15 unter seinem Kommandeur Oberstleutnant Gröschke.
In the heavy fighting of the recent weeks in the St. Lo - Lassay area have particularly distinguished themselves in defense and counter-attacks:
The 17th SS-Panzer- Grandier-Division "Götz von Berlichingen" led by their severely wounded commander Brigadeführer Ostendorff and his representative Standartenführer Baum,
the 353rd Infantry Division, led by their divisional commander Lieutenant General Mahlmann,
the Parachute Regiment 5 under his commander Major Heinz Becker,
the Parachute Regiment 9 under his commander Major Kurt Stephani and the Parachute Regiment 15 under its commander Lieutenant Colonel Gröschke.


  1. ^ a b Thomas 1997, p. 225.
  2. ^ Patzwall and Scherzer 2001, p. 149.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 203.
  4. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 94.
  5. ^ Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939–1945 Band 3, p. 181.
  • Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knights of the Wehrmacht Knight's Cross Holders of the Fallschirmjäger. Atglen, PA:  
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall.  
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag.  
  • Thomas, Franz; Wegmann, Günter (1986). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil II: Fallschirmjäger [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the German Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Part II: Paratroopers] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.  
  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag.  
  • Die Wehrmachtberichte 1939-1945 Band 3, 1. Januar 1944 bis 9. Mai 1945 [The Wehrmacht Reports 1939–1945 Volume 3, 1 January 1944 to 9 May 1945] (in German). München, Germany: Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag GmbH & Co. KG. 1985.  
Military offices
Preceded by
Generalmajor Sebastian-Ludwig Heilmann
Commander of 5th Fallschirmjäger-Division
12 March 1945 – April 1945
Succeeded by
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