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Kishanganj district


Kishanganj district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India, and Kishanganj town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Kishanganj district is a part of Purnia division.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
  • Economy 4
  • Sub-divisions 5
  • Education 6
  • Demographics 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Etymology

During the period of Khagada Nawab, Mohammed Fakiruddin, a Hindu saint, arrived. He was tired and wanted to rest. But when he heard that this place name is Alamganj, the river name is Ramzan and the Jamindar name is Fakiruddin, he refused to enter Alamganj. After that the Nawab announced some portion from Kishanganj Gudri to Ramzan pool. As time passed, the name got converted to Kishanganj.

History

Kishanganj was the old and important Sub-Division of Purnia district. After the long and hard struggle of Seventeen Years from people of Kishanganj including Social Workers, politicians, journalist, businessman’s, Farmers etc., the Kishanganj District came into existence on 14 January 1990.[1]

During the Mughal period, the area was part of Nepal and was called Nepalgarh. When on the instructions of the Mughal emperor, Mohammed Reza captured the fort at Nepalgarh, the name was changed to Alamganj. It later became Kishanganj.[1]

Geography

Kishanganj district occupies an area of 1,884 square kilometres (727 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Maui in the United States.[3] Kishanganj district is surrounded by Araria district in the west, Purnia district in the south-west, Uttar Dinajpur district of West Bengal on the east, and Darjeeling district of West Bengal and Nepal on the north. A narrow strip of West Bengal, about 20 km wide separates it from Bangladesh.[4]

Kishanganj district is located between 250 20’ and 260 30’ north latitudes, and 870 7’ and 880 19’ east longitudes.[1]

Major rivers flowing through the district are Mahananda, Kankai, Mechi, Donk, Ratua and Ramzan Sudhani.[1]

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Kishanganj District as an economically distressed district, one of 250 out of a total of 640 districts.[5] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Sub-divisions

The district comprises only one sub-division, Kishanganj, which is further divided into seven blocks: Bhahadurganj, Dighalbank, Kishanganj, Kochadhaman, Pothia, Terhagachha, Thakurgunj

Education

On 30 January 2014, Sonia Gandhi laid the foundation stone of the Kishanganj campus of Aligarh Muslim University. [6] Wasi Teaching Centre Chhattergatchh
Dr A P J Abdul Kalam Agriculture College Arrabari laied foundation by Bihar CM Nitish Kumar.

Demographics

Religion in Bihar
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
29%
Muslims
  
70%
Others
  
1%

According to the 2011 census Kishanganj district has a population of 1,690,948,[7] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[8] or the US state of Idaho.[9] This gives it a ranking of 293rd in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 898 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,330/sq mi) .[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 30.44%.[7] Kishanganj has a sex ratio of 946 females for every 1,000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 57.04%.[7]

A vast majority of the people live in the villages. A predominantly Muslim area, with Muslims forming about 70 per cent of the population,[7] there are also Hindus of whom are Surajpuris. There also are small Santal pockets.[10][11] The inhabitants of Kishanganj mostly speak Surajpuri, one of the Rajbongshi languages which has much similarities with Bengali. Kishanganj district had a literacy rate of 31.02 per cent in 2001, the lowest amongst all the districts of Bihar. The literacy rate of Bihar at 47.53 per cent is amongst the lowest in India, which has a literacy rate of 64.84 per cent. While the male literacy rate in Kishanganj district stood at 42.8 per cent, female literacy at 18.49 per cent was one of the lowest in India.[11][12]

See also - Literacy In Bihar

References

  1. ^ a b c d
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/patna/Sonia-to-lay-foundation-of-AMU-Kishanganj-unit-today/articleshow/29571536.cms
  7. ^ a b c d e f g
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^

External links

  • Kishanganj Information Portal

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