World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

International Park

Article Id: WHEBN0000887519
Reproduction Date:

Title: International Park  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: National park, Zoo
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

International Park

For other uses, see peace park (disambiguation).

A Transboundary Protected Area (TBPA) is a protected area that spans boundaries of more than one country or sub-national entity, where the political border sections that are enclosed within its area are abolished. This includes removal of all human-made physical boundaries, such as fences, allowing free migration of animals and humans within the area. A boundary around the area may however be maintained to prevent unauthorised border crossing. Such areas are also known by terms such as transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs) or peace parks.[1] The Global Transbounday Protected Areas Network cites five different types of TBPAs as follows:[2]

  • Two or more contiguous protected areas across a national boundary
  • A cluster of protected areas and the intervening land
  • A cluster of separated protected areas without intervening land
  • A trans-border area including proposed protected areas
  • A protected area in one country aided by sympathetic land use over the border


The preservation of traditional animal migration patterns, ensuring sufficient food and water sources for population growth, are the primary reason for the creation of peace parks. Peace parks however also encourage tourism, economic development and goodwill between neighbouring countries, as well as facilitating travel of indigenous inhabitants of the area.[3]

Established 'Peace Parks'

On 1 February 1997, Dr Anton Rupert, together with HRH Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands and Dr Nelson Mandela founded Peace Parks Foundation as a not-for-profit organisation to facilitate the establishment of transfrontier conservation areas (TFCAs), also called peace parks.

Americas

Europe

  • The first Transboundary Protected Area was established by the Swedish and the Norwegian Peace Movements in 1914, to celebrate 100 years of peace between Sweden and Norway. In 1959 the area was named Morokulien.
  • The European Green Belt running along the former Iron Curtain is considered a Peace Park.
  • A Peace Park has been established in the Red Sea between Israel and Jordan.
  • A project for the Green Line Peace Park in Cyprus, between the Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot Territories, is being researched by Dr. Anna Grichting, Harvard University.
  • Interprovincial Park of Montoni (Livorno-Grosseto)

Asia

  • The demilitarized zone between North and South Korea and the Siachen glacier region between India and Pakistan have been proposed as peace parks. Saleem Ali, a professor from the University of Vermont, is involved in research into this.

Areas in the conceptual phase

Areas with treaty signed

Memorandum of agreements signed

See also

Environment portal
Ecology portal
Earth sciences portal
Sustainable development portal

References

External links

  • Peace Parks Foundation
  • US-Mexico International Park Initiative
  • Beringian Heritage International Park Program
  • UNESCO La Amistad International Park overview (PDF file)
  • UNEP-WCMC Transboundary Protected Areas website (has a list of Adjoining Protected Areas)
  • A-Z of Areas of Biodiversity Importance: Transboundary Protected Areas
  • Siachen peace park campaign web site
  • Peace Parks: Conservation and Conflict Resolution (MIT Press)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.