World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Indonesian Canadian

Article Id: WHEBN0017283384
Reproduction Date:

Title: Indonesian Canadian  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Asian Canadian, Indonesian diaspora, Malaysian Canadian, Tibetan Canadian, Singaporeans in Canada
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Indonesian Canadian

Indonesian Canadians
Total population
14,320 (2006)[1]
Regions with significant populations
Toronto,[2] Vancouver
Indonesian, English, Dutch[3]
Christianity · Sunni Islam[4]

An Indonesian Canadian is a Canadian citizen of Indonesian descent or an Indonesia-born person who resides in Canada. They are one of the smaller Asian minorities in Canada.


In the early post-World War II period, most migrants from Indonesia to Canada were Indo people of mixed Dutch and pribumi ancestry. Many did not come directly from Indonesia, but rather went to the Netherlands and then re-migrated due to racial prejudice they faced there. Community members believe that perhaps 3,000 live in the Ontario area.[5] These migrants tend to be fluent in Dutch, and may also speak Indonesian, or more commonly Indonesian-based trade languages. However, Indonesians of Chinese descent formed the main group in the stream of migration which began in the late 1960s and early 1970s.[3] They have come to comprise an estimated 80% of Canada's population of Indonesian background. Most do not speak any variety of Chinese.[6]

7,610 respondents to the 1991 census stated their place of birth as "Indonesia".[7] Around half of those were settled in the Greater Toronto Area.[2] Data from the 2006 Census suggested that 14,320 people of Indonesian ethnic origin reside in Canada (3,225 single responses, 11,095 in combination with other responses), primarily in Ontario (6,325, or 44%), British Columbia (4,640, or 32%), and Alberta (1,920, or 13%).[1]


More than half of Indonesian Canadians are believed to be Christians, with roughly equal numbers of Catholics and Protestants. In contrast, although Islam is Indonesia's majority religion, Muslims are estimated to make up only about 10% of Indonesian Canadians. An Indonesian Catholic congregation, the Ummat Katholik Indonesia, has been meeting in the Toronto area since 1979; it was first headed by a Dutch priest who had previously lived in Indonesia, and later by a Javanese theology student from the University of Toronto. An inter-demoninational Protestant fellowship, the Indonesian Christian Fellowship, also emerged in Toronto in the 1980s.[6]

Community organisations

The first Indonesian community organisations in Canada, the Indonesian-Canadian Association and the Canadian-Indonesian Society, were founded in 1969 in Toronto and Vancouver, respectively. Indonesian consuls' wives also set up branches of Dharma Wanita, a women's group, in various cities. A [9]

Notable people


  1. ^ a b Census 2006
  2. ^ a b Nagata 1988, p. 116
  3. ^ a b Schryer 1998, p. 157
  4. ^ Nagata 1999, p. 725
  5. ^ Schryer 1998, p. 155
  6. ^ a b Nagata 1999, p. 724
  7. ^ Nagata 1999, p. 722
  8. ^ Nakata 1998, p. 723
  9. ^ Schryer 1998, p. 158


External links

  • Indonesian Canadian Community Association (ICCA)
  • United Indonesian Canadian Society
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.