World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Heinrich Setz

Article Id: WHEBN0017747746
Reproduction Date:

Title: Heinrich Setz  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Friedrich Geißhardt, Erwin Clausen, Franz-Josef Beerenbrock, Viktor Bauer, Helmut Lent
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Heinrich Setz

Heinrich Setz
Heinrich Setz
Born (1915-03-12)12 March 1915
Gundelsdorf near Kronach
Died 13 March 1943(1943-03-13) (aged 28)
near Le Tréport, France
Buried at war cemetery at Bourdon, France
block 32—row 11—grave 427
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Luftwaffe
Years of service 1936–43
Rank Major (posthumous)
Unit JG 77, JG 27
Commands held 4./JG 77, I./JG 27

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Relations Franz Ruhl (Cousin)

Heinrich Setz (12 March 1915 – 13 March 1943) was a German Luftwaffe military aviator during World War II, a fighter ace credited with 138 enemy aircraft shot down in 274 combat missions. The majority of his victories were claimed over the Eastern Front, with six claims over the Western Front.

Born in Gundelsdorf, Setz volunteered for military service in the Luftwaffe of the Staffel (4th squadron) of JG 77 in June 1941 which he led in Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union. Following his 43rd aerial victory he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 31 December 1941 and the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves on 23 June 1942 after 81 victories. He claimed his 100th aerial victory on 24 July 1942.

In February 1943 Setz was appointed Gruppe (1st group) of Jagdgeschwader 27 (JG 27—27th Fighter Wing) which was based in France on the Western Front. Setz claimed three more victories before he was killed in action on his 274th combat mission in a midair collision with a Supermarine Spitfire on 13 March 1943.

Early life and career

Setz was born on 12 March 1915 in Gundelsdorf near Kronach, Upper Franconia in the Kingdom of Bavaria. He was the son of a Oberförster (head of a forest range) and joined the military service of the Luftwaffe as a Fahnenjunker (cadet) on 6 April 1936. He was promoted to Leutnant (second lieutenant) on 1 January 1938. On 1 July 1938 he was posted to Jagdgeschwader 135 (135th Fighter Wing).[Notes 1] From April 1939 onwards he was posted to a Jagdfliegerschule (fighter pilot training school) as an instructor. On 3 April 1940 he was transferred to Jagdfliegerschule 3 at Stolp-Reitz, present day Redzikowo in Poland. There he was promoted to Oberleutnant (first lieutenant) on 1 June 1940.[1]

World War II

World War II in Europe began on Friday 1 September 1939 when German forces Staffel (4th squadron) of JG 77 on 1 July 1940.[2] JG 77 at the time was based at Kristiansand, in southern Norway. He claimed three aerial victories in this theater, his first a Royal Air Force (RAF) Bristol Blenheim south of Stavanger over Norway's west coast on 27 August 1940.[3] This achievement earned him the Iron Cross 2nd Class (Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse) on 12 September 1940. Following the other two victories over Norway he received Iron Cross 1st Class (Eisernes Kreuz 1. Klasse) on 18 October 1940.[1]

Eastern Front

Following the Invasion of Yugoslavia, JG 77 was moved to Romania in preparation for Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941. II. and III. Gruppe, plus the Stab (headquarters unit), of JG 77 supported the German advance as part of Army Group South. Setz claimed his 30th victory on 29 October 1941 and less than a month later, on 21 November, he shot down his 40th opponent.[1] He was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes) on 31 December 1941 for 43 aerial victories.[2] Under his leadership, 4. Staffel was credited with 110 aerial victories and further 89 aircraft destroyed on the ground by the end of 1941. Flight operations were severely impeded by the harsh winter weather conditions on the Eastern Front and Setz accounted for only two further victories until March 1942.[1]

Five men all wearing military uniforms and decorations standing in row. The man on the far left is shaking hands with another man whose back is facing the camera.
Gordon Gollob (hidden) and Max-Hellmuth Ostermann receive the Oak Leaves with Swords, Helmut Lent, Heinrich Setz and Friedrich Geißhardt receive the Oak Leaves to the Knight's Cross from Adolf Hitler on 28 or 29 June 1942

His Staffel was relocated to the Crimea in March 1942.[2] Here he became an "ace in a day" on 19 March 1942, claiming his 46th to 50th aerial victory.[1]

JG 77 was assigned as fighter cover as the Wehrmacht set about storming the great pre-war fortress of Sevastopol as a prelude to the main summer campaign into the Caucausus, Fall Blau. In a remarkable run of success, Setz claimed his 46–50th aerial victories on 19 March 1942, 58–60th aerial victories on 21 April, 3 more (68–70th v.) on 13 May 1942 and his 81st victory on 23 June, just a year after first arriving in Russia. Oblt Setz was immediately awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) on the same day.[2] The award was presented at the Führerhauptquartier (Führer Headquarters) at Rastenburg on 28/29 June 1942.

Returning to the front, and with Sevastopol fallen, JG 77 moved further north to Kursk and covered the advance onto Voronezh. Setz briefly commanded II./JG 77 in July for Gruppenkommandeur Anton Mader. He claimed two Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-3s on 23 July 1942.[4] and then reached his century the next day, on 24 July. He continued to score freely until in early October, with his victory tally now at 135, he was wounded. While recuperating in hospital his unit, II./JG 77, was initially pulled back to the Reich for rest and refit, then transferred in December to North Africa in response to the recent Torch landings.

Western Front

Setz however did not rejoin his unit. On 12 November he was appointed the new Gruppenkommandeur of I./JG 27, to replace Hauptmann (Captain) Gerhard Homuth who had to resign the command because of illness. This unit had formerly led the assault in North Africa but after being shattered in the recent battles around El Alamein had been pulled back for rest and rebuild. Setz took over his command in Bari, Italy on 20 November 1942.[5] and soon led the transferral back to Krefeld in Germany, where they arrived on 28 November 1942.

After a brief period of recreation the group began preparations for a transfer to France on 2 January 1943. The Staffel transferred to Evreux on 31 January 1943[6] The remaining groups followed and new pilots and new Messerschmitt Bf 109 G-4 joined the group. Now fighting a completely different type of air-war, versus the big box-formations of bombers of the American 8th Air Force, Setz had the entire group conduct training flights and reported operational readiness on 20 February 1943.[7]

His first success however, was also unfortunately his last. On 13 March 1943, on his 274th combat mission he dispatched two Supermarine Spitfires in five minutes over Abbeville, but it is believed he was killed when he collided with a third fifteen minutes later at high altitude.[8]

In recognition of his leadership, he was posthumously promoted to Major.



  1. ^ For an explanation of the meaning of Luftwaffe unit designation see Luftwaffe Organization



  1. ^ a b c d e f Stockert 1997, p. 3.
  2. ^ a b c d Obermaier 1989, p. 51.
  3. ^ Weal 1996, p. 39.
  4. ^ Bergström, Dikov, Antipov & Sundin 2006, p. 36.
  5. ^ Prien, Rodeike and Stemmer 1998, p. 314.
  6. ^ Prien, Rodeike and Stemmer 1998, p. 319.
  7. ^ Prien, Rodeike and Stemmer 1998, p. 321.
  8. ^ Luftwaffe 39-45 Historia website.
  9. ^ a b Thomas 1998, p. 317.
  10. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 442.
  11. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 702.
  12. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 399.
  13. ^ Von Seemen 1976, p. 318.
  14. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 60.
  15. ^ Von Seemen 1976, p. 29.


External links

  • "Heinrich Setz". Ritterkreuzträger (in German). Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  • "Heinrich Setz". Luftwaffe 39–45 Historia (in Portuguese). Retrieved 4 June 2008. 
  • "Luftwaffe Air Units: Single–Engined Fighters". Jagdgeschwader 77. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
Military offices
Preceded by
none: new unit
Squadron Leader of 2.(Schul.)/Erg.Gruppe JG 77
March, 1941 – 6 August 1941
Succeeded by
Oblt Hans Brockmann
Preceded by
Hptm Walter Jänisch
Squadron Leader of 4./JG 77
6 August 1941 – 11 November 1942
Succeeded by
Ltn Lutz-Wilhelm Burckhardt
Preceded by
Hptm Gerhard Homuth
Group Commander of I./JG 27
12 November 1942 – 13 March 1943
Succeeded by
Hptm Erich Hohagen
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.