Gul (design)

The Flag of Turkmenistan features five traditional tribal guls.

A gul is a medallion-like design element typical of traditional hand-woven carpets associated with Central and West Asia. They usually feature either twofold rotational symmetry or left/right (and perhaps also up/down) reflection symmetry. Some are octagonal, or suggest approximations of octagons. Cloverleaf[1] and elephant's-foot motifs constitute a variety of guls.

The Flag of Turkmenistan features five traditional tribal guls, and many Turkmenistan sources of carpets emphasize the ethnic Turkmen traditions of carpet design and production, and may describe a process of confusion where such work has been imported, especially through Bukhara, Uzbekistan, and misunderstood as deriving from Uzbekistani culture; the featuring of guls is sometimes described as typical of supposed Bukhara designs.

Western authors used comparison of the "design vocabulary" of tribal guls, reproduced on traditional rugs, in studying the ethnogenesis of Asian peoples.[1]


  1. ^ a b Ruth Mace, Clare J. Holden, Stephen Shennan (2005). The evolution of cultural diversity: a phylogenetic approach. Routledge. ISBN 1-84472-099-3. pp. 118-120.

Further reading

  • Louise W. Mackie, Jon Thompson (1980). Turkmen, tribal carpets and traditions. Textile Museum.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.