World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0010010621
Reproduction Date:

Title: Galiot  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: USS Wasp (1814), Bombardment of Algiers (1784), Bawley, Galway hooker, Trailer sailer
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A Spanish ship (center) attacked by two Algerian galiotes (1738)
A Dutch galiot from Willaumez's Dictionnaire de la Marine in the 17th century
A galiote, or scute, transporting wine on a French river during the 18th century

A galiot, galliot or galiote, is a term for three different types of historical naval vessels that sailed on different seas, and for a type of French flat-bottom river boat or barge.

Naval vessels

  • Mediterranean, (16th century–17th century)
Historically, a galiot was a type of ship with oars, also known as a half-galley, then, from the 17th century forward, a ship with sails and oars. As used by the Barbary pirates against the Republic of Venice, a galiot had two masts and about 16 ranks of oars. Warships of the type typically carried between two and ten cannons of small caliber, and between 50 and 150 men. According to Philip Carse's The Age of Piracy (Hale, 1959), it was a Barbary galiot, captained by Barbarossa I, that captured two Papal vessels in 1504.
  • North Sea (17th century–19th century)
A galiot was a type of Dutch or German 20 to 400 GRT trade ship, similar to a ketch, with a rounded fore and aft like a fluyt. They had nearly flat bottoms to sail in shallow waters. These ships were especially favored for coastal navigation in the North Sea and Baltic Sea. To avoid excessive leeway, or leeward drift due to their flat bottoms, smaller vessels were usually fitted with leeboards. After 1830, a modernised type of galiot was developed that featured a sharper bow similar to a schooner. These vessels rarely had leeboards.[1]
  • Naval ships (17th century–19th century)
A galiote was a term for a French bomb vessel, a type of naval warship the size of a corvette based on galiot trade ships, that carried one or more cannons for shelling coastal towns.

Canal and river boats

  • A galiote was a horse-drawn barge pulled along canals or rivers banks, which were popular in France from the mid-17th century through the 19th century.
  • A galiote, or scute, also was a type of flat-bottomed boat with a simple sail that traveled French rivers transporting wine in the Anjou region as far as Les Ponts-de-Cé.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Jonas, Wolfgang (1990). Nordfriesisches Schiffahrtsmuseum Husum, ed. Schiffbau in Nordfriesland [Shipbuilding in North Frisia]. Schriftenreihe des Nordfriesischen Schiffahrtsmuseums Husum (in German) 1. Husum Druck- und Verlagsgesellschaft. pp. 38–39.  
  2. ^ La Loire – les peuples du fleuve, par Abel Poitrineau. Ed. Horvath, Saint-Etienne, 1989. pp. 21–26.

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.