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Economy of Montreal

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Title: Economy of Montreal  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Board of Trade of Metropolitan Montreal, Economy of Alberta, Economy of Canada, Economy of Montreal, Energy policy of Canada
Collection: Economy of Montreal
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Economy of Montreal

Tour de la Bourse (Stock Exchange Tower)

The Economy of Montreal is the second largest of all cities in Canada[1] and the first in Quebec.[2] The city is today a centre of commerce, industry, technology, culture, finance, and world affairs.


  • History 1
    • Montreal and Toronto 1.1
    • Recovery 1.2
  • Industries 2
    • Port of Montreal 2.1
    • Video Game Industry 2.2
    • Arts 2.3
    • Organizational and Corporate Headquarters 2.4
  • See also 3
  • References 4


St. James Street was Canada's financial centre during the first three-quarters of the 20th century.
Montreal became an important centre of trade early in its history and surpassed Quebec City in importance even before their populations became comparable. When Canada became part of the British Empire in 1763, it was already the centre of the North American Fur Trade. Over the course of the 19th century Montreal grew to become the economic centre of Canada as well as its most populace city.

Montreal and Toronto

Between the end of World War II and 1971, both Montreal and Toronto grew enormously in size. Between 1941 and 1951, Montreal's population grew by 20% and Toronto's by 25%.[3] Between 1951 and 1961, Montreal grew by 35% and Toronto 45%.[4] And from 1961 to 1971, Montreal grew by a little less than 20% and Toronto 30%.[5] In the early 1970s, 30 years after Toronto had begun challenging Montreal as the economic capital of Canada, Toronto surpassed Montreal in size. Indeed, the volume of stocks traded at the Toronto Stock Exchange surpassed that traded at the Montreal Stock Exchange in the 1940s.[6]


During the 1980s and early 1990s, Montreal experienced a slower rate of

  1. ^ Metropolitan Toronto 1st with $209 Billion US in 2005, Metropolitan Montreal 2nd with $120 Billion US also in 2005. [1]
  2. ^ In 2007, Metropolitan Montreal was responsible for $123 Billion US of Quebec's $249 Billion USD GDP
  3. ^ Census of Canada, 1941, Census of Canada, 1951
  4. ^ Census of Canada, 1961
  5. ^ Census of Canada, 1971
  6. ^ Jacobs, Jane (1980). The Question of Separatism: Quebec and the Struggle Over Sovereignty, Chapter II (Montreal and Toronto) [2]
  7. ^ Brooke, James (2000-05-06). "Montreal Journal; No Longer Fading, City Booms Back Into Its Own". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-04-12. 
  8. ^ "AEROSPACE: Metro Montreal 2003, Strategic Profile" (PDF). Montreal, Quebec: thomas finney. 1760. Archived from the original on 2006-11-18. Retrieved 2007-01-03. 
  9. ^  
  10. ^ Conference Board of Canada. "Real GDP growth (Montreal metropolitan area)" (XLS). MontrealInternational. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  11. ^ "The Port of Montreal unveils its project, which will generate $3.4 billion in annual economic spinoffs for Montreal" ( 
  12. ^ "Contact Us - CN Mailing Addresses".  
  13. ^ Nemeth, Mary; Liz Warwick (December 4, 1995). "CP Rail Leaves Montreal". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  14. ^ "Montreal, Canada appointed a UNESCO City of Design".  
  15. ^ "CONTACT". About. Icograda. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  16. ^ "The International Design Alliance Settles in Montreal.". Business Services Industry (Canadian Corporate News). May 30, 2005. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  17. ^ "CSA Headquarters". Contact Us.  
  18. ^ "ICAO Premises".  
  19. ^ "Regional Offices".  
  20. ^ "Our Offices". About Us.  
  21. ^ "Contact Us". International Gay and Lesbian Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 2008-05-03. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  22. ^ "Investors Contacts." Air Canada. Retrieved on May 18, 2009.
  23. ^ "Contact Us." Air Transat. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
  24. ^ "Contact Us." Bell Canada. Retrieved on August 24, 2009.
  25. ^ "Our Offices." Air Transat. Retrieved on February 09, 2011.
  26. ^ "Our Locations." Molson. Retrieved on February 08, 2011.
  27. ^ "[3]." Pratt and Whitney Canada. Retrieved on February 09, 2011.
  28. ^ "Contact Us." SNC-Lavalin. Retrieved on February 08, 2011.
  29. ^ "Contact Us." Transat A.T. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
  30. ^ "Access to Information." Via Rail. Retrieved on June 9, 2009.
  31. ^ "Talk to Us." Jetsgo. Retrieved on June 5, 2009.


See also

Prior to its dissolution, the airline Jetsgo was headquartered in Montreal.[31]

including: Greater MontrealSeveral companies are headquartered in
Molson Canadian beer making headquarters as seen from Old Montreal.
Air Canada Centre (French: Centre Air Canada), the headquarters of Air Canada

The headquarters of the United Nations body);[18] the World Anti-Doping Agency (an Olympic body);[19] the International Air Transport Association (IATA);[20] and the International Gay and Lesbian Chamber of Commerce (IGLCC),[21] as well as some 60 other international organizations in various fields (See below).

Organizational and Corporate Headquarters

In 2006 Montreal was named a UNESCO City of Design, only one of three design capitals of the world (with the others being Berlin and Buenos Aires).[14] This distinguished title recognizes Montreal's design community. Since 2005 the city has also been home for the International Council of Graphic Design Associations (Icograda);[15] the International Design Alliance (IDA).[16]

Montreal is also a centre of film and television production. Five studios of the Academy Award-winning documentary producer National Film Board of Canada can be found here, as well as the head offices of Telefilm Canada, the national feature-length film and television funding agency. Given its eclectic architecture and broad availability of film services and crew members, Montreal is a popular filming location for feature-length films, and sometimes stands in for European locations. The city is also home to many recognized cultural, film and music festivals (Just For Laughs, Montreal Jazz Festival, and others), which contribute significantly to its economy. It is also home to one of the world's largest cultural enterprises, the Cirque du Soleil.


The video game industry is also booming in Montreal since 1997, coinciding with the opening of Ubisoft Montreal. Recently, the city has attracted world leading game developers and publishers studios such as Ubisoft, EA, Eidos Interactive, Artificial Mind and Movement, Bioware, and Strategy First, mainly because video games jobs have been heavily subsidized by the provincial government. Every year, this industry generates billions of dollars and thousands of jobs in the Montreal area.

Video Game Industry

The Port of Montreal is the largest inland port in the world, handling 26 million tonnes of cargo annually.[11] As one of the most important ports in Canada, it remains a trans-shipment point for grain, sugar, petroleum products, machinery, and consumer goods. For this reason, Montreal is the railway hub of Canada and has always been an extremely important rail city; it is home to the headquarters of the Canadian National Railway,[12] and was home to the headquarters of the Canadian Pacific Railway until 1995.[13]

Port of Montreal

Montreal industries include aerospace, electronic goods, pharmaceuticals, printed goods, software engineering, telecommunications, textile and apparel manufacturing, tobacco and transportation. The service sector is also strong and includes civil, mechanical and process engineering, finance, higher education, and research and development. In 2002, Montreal ranked as the 4th largest centre in North America in terms of aerospace jobs.[8] Greater Montreal had a GDP of $120 billion in 2005, placing it 39th in the world.[9] It is expected to grow to almost $126 billion in 2008 and $140 billion by 2012.[10]

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