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Dora Bakoyannis

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Dora Bakoyannis

Dora Bakoyannis
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
15 February 2006 – 6 October 2009
Prime Minister Kostas Karamanlis
Preceded by Petros Molyviatis
Succeeded by George Papandreou
Mayor of Athens
In office
1 January 2003 – 14 February 2006
Preceded by Dimitris Avramopoulos
Succeeded by Nikitas Kaklamanis
Minister for Culture
In office
3 December 1992 – 13 October 1993
Prime Minister Konstantinos Mitsotakis
Preceded by Anna Psarouda-Benaki
Succeeded by Melina Mercouri
Personal details
Born (1954-05-06) May 6, 1954
Athens, Greece
Political party New Democracy (Before 2010; 2012–present)
Democratic Alliance (2010–2012)
Spouse(s) Pavlos Bakoyannis (1974–1989)
Isidoros Kouvelos (1998–present)
Children Alexia
Kostas
Alma mater University of Munich
University of Athens
Religion Greek Orthodoxy
Website Official website

Dora Bakoyannis (Mayor of Athens from 2003 to 2006, the first female mayor in the city's history, and the first woman to serve as mayor of a city hosting the Olympic Games. She also served as Minister for Culture of Greece from 1992 to 1993. She has been serving as an independent member of the Hellenic Parliament representing unofficially Democratic Alliance, the political party she founded in 2010, having been expelled from the opposition New Democracy party due to voting against the party line. In May 2012, due to the critical situation in Greece before the elections and given the established electoral law, Democratic Alliance decided to cooperate with New Democracy, based on a specific framework of values and to suspend its activities.[1] Dora Bakoyannis rejoined New Democracy on 21 May 2012, ahead of the parliamentary election in June, where she headed the state deputies' ballot.

Contents

  • Early life and education 1
  • Political career 2
    • Minister for Culture, 1992-1993 2.1
    • Years in opposition 2.2
    • Mayor of Athens, 2002-2006 2.3
    • Minister of Foreign Affairs, 2006-2009 2.4
    • OSCE Chairperson-in-Office 2.5
  • Later political role 3
  • Awards and honors 4
  • Personal life 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life and education

Bakoyannis was born in Athens in 1954 to a prominent Greek family in the field of politics. She is the eldest of four children of the veteran Greek politician Constantine Mitsotakis, former Prime Minister of Greece and former leader of country's main centre-right political party New Democracy, and Marika Mitsotakis (née Giannoukou). Her family originates from Chania, Crete, and has a long tradition in the politics of Greece. Besides her father and herself, other members of the family were also prominent politicians such as her grandfather Kyriakos Mitsotakis and his brother Aristomenis Mitsotakis, while her brother Kyriakos Mitsotakis is a member of the Hellenic Parliament. She is also a great-granddaughter of Eleftherios Venizelos' sister. This decade-long involvement has been reprehended as attestation for family-rule in Greek political life.

During her early school years, she attended the German School of Athens. Her family was exiled to Paris by the Greek military junta in 1968, thus she completed her secondary schooling at the German School of Paris. She then studied political science and communication at the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich without graduating. After the collapse of the junta, she returned to Greece and continued her academic studies in public law at the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. In addition to Greek, Bakoyannis is fluent in English, French and German.

Political career

Minister for Culture, 1992-1993

In the November 1989 election, Bakoyannis successfully contested her late husband's seat in the Evrytania constituency and was re-elected a member of the Hellenic Parliament in the 1990 election and served as a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, following the election of her father as Prime Minister of Greece. From September 1991 to August 1992, she served in the General Secretariat of International Affairs for New Democracy and represented the party at the European Democrat Union and the International Democrat Union. Since December 1992, she served as Minister for Culture of Greece until the 1993 election, when she was re-elected a member of Parliament for New Democracy as the main opposition party.

Years in opposition

On 29 April 1994, Bakoyannis was elected in the Central Committee of New Democracy by the party's Third Congress. In the 1996 election Bakoyannis was a candidate for a first time in the Athens A' electoral district and was elected again as member of Parliament, coming first of all the candidates in it,[2] something that was repeated in the 2000 election.[3] Meanwhile, on 22 March 1997, she was elected again to the Central Committee of New Democracy by the party's Fourth Congress. She also served for two terms as the chairperson of the party's Executive Committee later. In September 1997 she was appointed by New Democracy leader Kostas Karamanlis in the party's Department for Development and as Shadow Minister of Foreign Affairs and Defence in May 2000.

Mayor of Athens, 2002-2006

On 29 March 2002, Bakoyannis was picked to run for Mayor of Athens in the 2002 local elections, both a choice of Kostas Karamanlis who was looking for a way to demonstrate New Democracy's growing strength against the ruling Panhellenic Socialist Movement and a chance for Bakoyannis to earn prestige by this office in advance of the city hosting the Olympic games. She was elected what was aired as Athens' first female mayor in the city's 3,500-year history,[4] defeating her socialist opponent Christos Papoutsis and receiving a percentage of 60.6% in the runoff. As mayor, she was heavily involved in the preparation of the 2004 Athens Olympic Games, the first woman to serve as mayor of a city hosting the Olympic Games,[4] and passed the Olympic flag to the mayor of Beijing, Wang Qishan. In 2005 she was awarded the World Mayor Prize.[5]

Minister of Foreign Affairs, 2006-2009

OSCE Family Photo Vienna 15-01-2009

Bakoyannis left the office of Mayor before the end of her term, replaced by acting mayor Fotini Pipili, to become Minister of Foreign Affairs of Greece on 15 February 2006 and thus the highest-ranking woman in the history of the Cabinet of Greece.[6] She also retained the position after the 2007 election, managing to be elected as a member of the Hellenic Parliament first among all the candidates in the Athens A' constituency once more.[7] As Minister of Foreign Affairs, Bakoyannis assumed the rotating Greek presidency of the United Nations Security Council in September 2006, while at a time of international tensions over nuclear programs in Iran and North Korea and amidst a fragile United Nations brokered cease-fire in Lebanon.

During her incumbency, she promoted the cooperation in the

Political offices
Preceded by
Anna Psarouda-Benaki
Minister for Culture
1992–1993
Succeeded by
Melina Mercouri
Preceded by
Dimitris Avramopoulos
Mayor of Athens
2003–2006
Succeeded by
Nikitas Kaklamanis
Preceded by
Petros Molyviatis
Minister for Foreign Affairs
2006–2009
Succeeded by
George Papandreou
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Alexander Stubb
Chairperson of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
2009
Succeeded by
George Papandreou
  • Official website (Greek) (English)
  • Dora BakoyannisTerms of office of at the Hellenic Parliament (English)
  • Dora Bakoyannis' biography in the Wayback Archive of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs website (Greek) (English) (French)
  • Dora Bakoyannis's channel on YouTube
  • World Mayor 2005

External links

  1. ^ http://www.tanea.gr/ellada/article/?aid=4722752
  2. ^ Οι πρωταθλητές της "σταυρομαχίας" (in Greek).  
  3. ^ """O κ. Κακλαμάνης στον "λάκκο των δελφίνων (in Greek).  
  4. ^ a b "#66 Dora Bakoyannis".  
  5. ^ http://www.worldmayor.com/results05/worldmayor_results05.html
  6. ^ a b "#67 Dora Bakoyannis".  
  7. ^ "National Elections 2007 - A' Athinon - Candidates". Ministry of Interior website. 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2009-09-15. 
  8. ^ "#78 Dora Bakoyannis".  
  9. ^ "Chairmanship - Chairperson-in-Office".  
  10. ^ Bakoyannis expelled from ND
  11. ^ "Bakoyannis founds 'Democratic Alliance' party". Athens News Agency. 
  12. ^ Russia's new law on 'undesirable' foreign NGOs endangers the right of free expression, said PACE co-rapporteurs Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, press release of May 29, 2015.
  13. ^ Panel of Eminent Persons on European Security as a Common Project Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, press release of January 12, 2015.
  14. ^ "Dora Bakoyannis, Mayor of Athens wins the 2005 World Mayor Award".  
  15. ^ "The 100 Most Powerful Women".  
  16. ^ "The 100 Most Powerful Women".  
  17. ^ "The 100 Most Powerful Women".  
  18. ^ Emperor Maximilian Prize
  19. ^ Associate Member of the French Academy
  20. ^ Honorary Senator European Academy
  21. ^ National Order of the Chivalry of the Legion of Honour
  22. ^ Received a copy of the key of the city of Tirana
References In December 1974, she was married to journalist

Personal life

 Albania: On 21 March 2008 received a copy of the key of the city of Tirana on the occasion of her official visit to Albania.[22]

Bakoyannis received the honor of being elected 2004 Summer Olympics successfully, her actions to transform the city for the benefit of its residents and her fight against terrorism helped Bakoyannis win the award. During the contest she was strongly supported by the Greek community and also received thousands of votes from several countries around Europe, North America and Australia.[14] She had also been continuously included in the Forbes Magazine's List of The World's 100 Most Powerful Women from 2006 to 2008.[15][16][17] In 2008, she was awarded the Emperor Maximilian Award-European Award for Regional Policy and Local Government by the State of Tyrol and the city of Innsbruck.[18] In 2009, she was named as the first female foreign associate of the French Academy in Humanities and Political Sciences (Académie française des Sciences Morales et Politiques).[19] The same year, she was also awarded the title of Honorary Senator by the European Academy of Human and Political Sciences in Salzburg.[20] In 2010, Dora Bakoyannis has been awarded the National Order of the Chevalry of the Legion of Honour of the French Republic (Ordre Nationale de Chevalier de la Legion d' Honneur).[21]

In March 1992, the International Centre for Women awarded Dora Bakoyannis the International Leadership Award, and in June 1993, she was recognised by the 14th International Symposium Fontana di Roma for her valuable contribution to culture. In 2003, upon the invitation of Romano Prodi, then President of the European Commission, she joined a group of 12 high-level independent figures from Europe, as a member of a prestigious round-table conference, contributing proposals on the social character, cultural identity and economic future of new Europe. In 2008, she was awarded the Emperor Maximilian Award-European Award for Regional Policy and Local Government by the State of Tyrol and the city of Innsbruck.

Awards and honors

In 2015, Bakoyannis was named a member of the OSCE Panel of Eminent Persons on European Security as a Common Project, chaired by Wolfgang Ischinger.[13]

A member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe since 2012, Bakoyannis serves as Chairperson of the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy (since 2014) and as co-rapporteur for the monitoring of Russia (alongside Liliane Maury Pasquier).[12]

Bakoyannis was expelled from New Democracy on May 7, 2010, on the grounds of having defied New Democracy's line and voting "in favor" of a salient piece of legislation introducing the harsh austerity measures that were required for European Union-International Monetary Fund backed lending.[10] She continued to hold her parliamentary seat, originally secured by New Democracy, as an independent. On November 21, 2010, she founded her own political party called the Democratic Alliance.[11]

Later political role

Bakoyannis served as the Marc Perrin de Brichambaut, the Secretary General of the OSCE, as well as by her predecessor Alexander Stubb and successor Marat Tazhin, who both formed along with Bakoyannis the OSCE Troika.[9]

OSCE Chairperson-in-Office

[8] respectively.Macedonia naming dispute and the Cyprus dispute over the Republic of Macedonia and the Turkey, but did not reach a conciliation with Union for the Mediterranean's plan about the Nicolas Sarkozy by the Hellenic Parliament and supported Treaty of Lisbon She also promoted the ratification of the [6]

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