World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Curtiss CT

Article Id: WHEBN0028826667
Reproduction Date:

Title: Curtiss CT  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of aircraft (C), List of military aircraft of the United States (naval)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Curtiss CT

Curtiss CT-1
The CT-1 at the Anacostia Navy Yard
Role Torpedo Bomber
National origin United States
Manufacturer Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company
Designer Wilbur Gilmore
First flight 9 May 1921
Number built 1

The Curtiss CT-1 model 24, a twin engine torpedo bomber mounted on floats, was first flown in 1921.[1]


The US Navy was looking for a new torpedo bomber following a demonstration of sinking a battleship with an aircraft. A specification was announced requiring a twin floatplane that could be sled launched and crane recovered at sea. The aircraft had a maximum span of 65 feet (20 m) which could be broken down into 25 feet (7.6 m) sections for shipboard storage.[2] Prototypes of the Curtiss CT-1, Stout ST-1, Fokker FT-1 and Blackburn Swift F were evaluated at the Annacostia Naval Yard.[3] Curtiss won an initial contract to build nine torpedo bombers on June 30, 1920, but the order was canceled and only one acceptance prototype was built. The aircraft was constructed in Rockaway, New York.[4]


The aircraft had twin booms, twin tails, twin floats and a single cockpit. A turret was placed high above and behind the pilot to have a full 360 degree firing arc. The thick airfoil wings were cantilevered without struts or wires using three spars.[5] The fuselage was made of traditional welded tube frame with the-then new technology of an aluminum skin. The rest of the aircraft was of welded tube with a fabric covering. The engine nacelles were deeply recessed into the wings. Two under-wing Lamblin radiators provided cooling. Engine stands were located for mechanics to work on the aircraft. Single-engine operation resulted in a height loss of 100 ft per minute.[6][7]

Operational history

The first water taxi tests were performed by Bert Acosta on 2 May 1921 at NAS Rockaway, resulting in larger rudders added for stability. The sheet metal formed motor mounts and tail structure required reinforcement. The engines overheated, and could önly fly for 20 minutes at a time.[8]

The aircraft was demonstrated to the US Navy at the Annacostia Naval Yard and at the war college at Fort McNair, Washington, D.C. The aircraft was given the serial number A-5890, and the Navy designation CT-1, for "Curtiss" "Torpedo bomber (number one)"-"variant one".[9]

Specifications Curtiss CT-1

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3 Pilot, Assistant Pilot, Gunner
  • Length: 52 ft (16 m)
  • Wingspan: 65 ft (20 m)
  • Height: 15 ft 5 in (4.70 m)
  • Airfoil: Curtiss C-32
  • Gross weight: 11,208 lb (5,084 kg)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Curtiss D-12 , 350 hp (260 kW) each
  • Propellers: 2-bladed


  • Cruise speed: 93 kn; 172 km/h (107 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 5,300 ft (1,600 m)

See also

Related development
  • Douglas DT
  • Fokker FT
  • Naval Aircraft Factory PT

Related lists


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.