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Area codes 902 and 782

Area code 902 and overlay area code 782 are the telephone area codes in the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. The 902 area code is one of the 86 original area codes established in the North American Numbering Plan in October 1947.

The 902 code originally covered the three Maritime provinces, with Newfoundland added shortly after it joined Canada in 1949. New Brunswick, along with Newfoundland, moved to area code 506 in 1955. Newfoundland (now Newfoundland and Labrador) subsequently received its own area code, 709, in early 1962.

The incumbent local exchange carrier in the 902/782 area is Bell Aliant, which was produced from a merger that included Island Telecom (formerly Island Tel), Maritime Telephone and Telegraph (MT&T), New Brunswick Tel (NBTel) and NewTel Communications (NewTel).


Contents

  • Coverage area 1
  • Overlay 2
  • Communities included 3
    • Nova Scotia 3.1
    • Prince Edward Island 3.2
  • See also 4
  • External links 5
  • References 6

Coverage area

902/782 is unusual as it covers two entire provinces, much like area code 867 is shared by the three Canadian territories: Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.

No area code has ever covered two entire US states. Other area codes cross provincial or state boundaries on a very limited basis, including:

  • 250 is used in much of British Columbia, but also in Hyder, Alaska.
  • 418 (now overlain with 581) covers eastern Quebec, and is also used in the border hamlet of Estcourt Station, Maine.
  • 541 covers most of Oregon, but also is used in part of California's Del Norte County.
  • 613 (eastern Ontario) includes one exchange in Saint Regis, Quebec which straddles the border.

Area code 809 originally was shared by most Caribbean islands (exceptions are: Cuba, Haiti, the Netherlands Antilles, and the French West Indies) but now serves only the Dominican Republic. 809 since has been overlain with 829 and 849.

Overlay

In 2005, the 902 telephone market was the most competitive telephone area code in North America when EastLink became the first cable company to offer local telephone service over a fibre optic network in North America in 1999.

Canada uses a very inefficient scheme for allocating numbers in which every competing carrier is allocated blocks of 10,000 numbers in every rate centre in which it offers new service and every local interconnect region in which it intends to port existing numbers. There is no number pooling and rate centres are typically not amalgamated when the corresponding municipalities disappear. It is not uncommon for a Yarmouth-sized town (6761 people, as of 2011) to be allocated 150,000 numbers on various carriers. While there are only 1.06 million people in the 1-902 area code, and (theoretically) 7.8 million possible seven-digit telephone numbers, the area code was projected to be exhausted by 2015.

In October 2012, a relief area code was announced, 782, which will overlay the entire 902 area. Ten-digit dialing has been mandatory in Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island since November 30, 2014.[1] The decision to implement a provincewide overlay may have been unusual, but was made to spare residents in more rural areas of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island the burden of having to change their numbers.

As a result, a 782 area code was introduced on August 23, 2014.[2] A recorded message reminding callers that 10-digit dialing would become mandatory on November 30 was activated on August 23.[1] Exchanges in 782 were made available to telephone service providers on May 30, 2014, with numbers being assigned to customers once 10-digit dialing was activated.[1]

Communities included

Nova Scotia

Prince Edward Island

See also

External links

  • CNA exchange list for area +1-902
  • Telecom archives
  • Area Code Map of Canada
  • List of exchanges from AreaCodeDownload.com, 902 Area Code
  • Area code 902
  • wetmore
  • 782 Wetmore

References

  1. ^ a b c "Planning Letter 454: NPA 782 to Overlay NPA 902 (Nova Scotia/Prince Edward Island, Canada)" (PDF). North American Numbering Plan Administration. May 31, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Nova Scotia and PEI to get new area code". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved October 1, 2012. 
Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island area codes: 902(/782)
North: Gulf of Saint Lawrence, 418/581, 709
West: 506 902, 782 East: Atlantic Ocean
South: Atlantic Ocean
New Brunswick area codes: 506
Newfoundland and Labrador area codes: 709
Quebec area codes: 418, 438, 450, 514, 579, 581, 819

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