World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

American Canadian

Article Id: WHEBN0007174310
Reproduction Date:

Title: American Canadian  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ethnic groups in Canada, Canada–United States relations, Mongolian Canadian, Palestinian Canadian, Americans in Uruguay
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

American Canadian

American Canadian
Canadians of American origin
Canadiens d'origine américaine
Total population
(by ancestry, 2011 Census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
OntarioWestern CanadaAtlantic CanadaQuebec
Canadian English · Canadian French · American English
Christianity (Protestantism · Anglicanism · Roman Catholicism· Judaism · Atheism
Related ethnic groups

American Canadians are Canadian-born people of American descent and/or citizenship, or Americans who both reside in Canada and identify to some extent with Canadian ethnicity.


According to the Canada 2006 Census, 316,350 Canadians reported American as being their ethnicity, at least partially.[2] There are also between 900,000 and 2 million Americans living in Canada, either as full-time and part-time residents.

There has not been a reliable estimate of the total number of Americans from the United States who have settled in Canada since the founding of the two countries as the United States in 1776 and Canada in 1867. Prior to the independence of the United States and the formation of Canada, the settled areas of both countries consisted of British colonies.

History of Americans in Canada

Americans have moved to Canada throughout history. During the American Revolution, many Americans loyal to the British crown left the United States and settled in Canada. These early settlers are called United Empire Loyalists. Many Black Canadians are descendants of African American slaves (Black Loyalist) who fled to Canada during the American Revolution. Similar waves of American immigration occurred during the War of 1812. The Black Refugees in the War of 1812 also fled to Canada and many American slaves also came via the Underground Railroad, most settling in either Halifax, Nova Scotia or Southern Ontario.

In the early 20th century, over 750,000 American settlers moved into the farming regions of the Prairie Provinces of Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Many of these were immigrants (of children of immigrants) from Europe or Eastern Canada who had gone to the United States looking for farm land only to find the supply of free farmsteads there exhausted. Others were old-stock white Americans, and small percentage were racial minorities, such as African Americans. In 1916, Americans accounted for of 36% of all the foreign-born residents of Alberta, 30% in Saskatchewan, and 8% in Manitoba.[3]

In the 1930s, after World War II, and again the 1970s, waves of Americans, many from Texas and Oklahoma,immigrated to Canada to work in the country's growing oil industry. During the Vietnam War era, many American draft dodgers fled to Canada to avoid the war. About 10,200 Americans moved to Canada in 2006; this was the highest number since 1977.[4]

Notable American Canadians

For a list of notable American Canadians see Category:Canadian people of American descent. For notable American immigrants see Category:American emigrants to Canada.

See also


  1. ^  
  2. ^ "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories - 20% sample data".  
  3. ^
  4. ^ "American moves to Canada reach record high".  
  • Statistics Canada
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.