World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Air superiority fighter

Article Id: WHEBN0002634789
Reproduction Date:

Title: Air superiority fighter  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of supersonic aircraft, Interceptor aircraft, Fighter aircraft, List of active United States military aircraft, Chengdu J-20
Collection: Fighter Aircraft
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Air superiority fighter

Eurofighter Typhoon, Western Europe's first air superiority fighter.

An air superiority fighter, also spelled air-superiority fighter, is a type of fighter aircraft designed for entering and seizing control of enemy airspace as a means of establishing complete dominance of one side's air forces over the other side's (air supremacy). Air superiority fighters are designed to effectively engage enemy fighters, more than other types of aircraft. They are usually more expensive and procured in smaller numbers than multirole fighters.

Contents

  • Evolution of the term 1
    • Lessons in combat 1.1
    • Air superiority fighters 1.2
  • Examples 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

Evolution of the term

During World War II and through the Korean War, fighters were classified by their role: heavy fighter, interceptor, escort fighter, night fighter, and so forth. With the development of guided missiles in the 1950s, design diverged between fighters optimized to fight in the beyond visual range (BVR) regime (interceptors), and fighters optimized to fight in the within visual range (WVR) regime (air superiority fighters). In the United States, the influential proponents of BVR developed fighters with no forward-firing gun, such as the original F-4 Phantom II, as it was thought that they would never need to resort to WVR combat. These aircraft would sacrifice high maneuverability, and instead focus on remaining performance characteristics, as they presumably would never engage in a dogfight with enemy fighters.

Lessons in combat

Combat experiences during the Vietnam War proved BVR proponents wrong. Owing to restrictive rules of engagement and the failings of 1960s missile and radar technology, air combat often devolved into close-range dogfights, one for which American fighters and pilots were unprepared. The lessons from this conflict spurred a rethinking of design priorities for fighter aircraft, in which the U.S. Navy's TOPGUN and the U.S. Air Force's Red Flag programs, developed specifically to teach pilots the lessons of dogfighting, were created.

In order to maximize their combat effectiveness and strategic usefulness, air superiority fighters usually operate under the control/co-ordination of an airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) aircraft.

Air superiority fighters

After lessons learned from combat experiences involving modern military air capacity, the U.S. Navy's VFAX/VFX and U.S. Air Force's F-X (Fighter Experimental) reassessed their tactical direction which resulted in the U.S. Navy's F-14 Tomcat and US Air Force's F-15 Eagle.[1] The two designs were built to achieve air superiority and significant consideration was given during the development of both aircraft to allow them to excel at the shorter ranges of fighter combat.[2][3]

Examples

U.S. F-16C Fighting Falcon and Polish Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29A over Krzesiny air base, Poland - 20050615

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Davies, Steve. (2005). F-15C Eagle Units in Combat. Osprey Publishing Ltd. pp. 6-9. ISBN 978-1-84176-730-7.
  2. ^ Spick, Mike. (1985). Modern Fighting Aircraft: F-14. Arco Publishing Inc. p. 8. ISBN 0-668-06406-4.
  3. ^ Gillcrist, Paul T. (1994). Tomcat! The Grumman F-14 Story. Schiffer Publishing Ltd. pp. 10, 195. ISBN 0-88740-664-5 .

External links

  • Glossary of Nato Definitions
  • Rand: Revival of the Air-Superiority Fighter
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.