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7d (New York City Subway service)

For the former Brooklyn–Manhattan Transit Corporation 7 service, see Franklin Avenue Shuttle.
Flushing Local and Express
Northern end Flushing – Main Street
Southern end Times Square
Stations 21 (local service)
11 (express service)

The 7 Flushing Local and <7> Flushing Express are two rapid transit services in the A Division of the New York City Subway, providing local and express services along the full length of the IRT Flushing Line. The logo is colored on station signs, route signs and the official subway map with local service denoted by a circular 7, express service by a 7 in diamond-shape. Both services operate between Main Street in Flushing, Queens and Times Square in Midtown Manhattan.

Local service operates at all times. Express service runs weekdays from 6:30 to 10:00 a.m. going to Times Square and 3:00 to 9:30 p.m. (15:00 to 21:30) going to Main Street. "Super Express" service to Manhattan is also provided after New York Mets games weeknights and weekends at Citi Field and US Open (tennis) games: starting at Mets – Willets Point and operating express to Times Square, also bypassing Junction Boulevard, Hunters Point Avenue and Vernon Boulevard – Jackson Avenue.[1]

The 7 is nicknamed the "International Express,"[2][3] in part because it travels through several different ethnic neighborhoods populated by U.S. immigrants, especially along Roosevelt Avenue, and in part because it was the principal line that served the 1964-65 New York World's Fair. This name is not official, nor is the title used in day-to-day operations.

Fleet

The 7 operates with 11 car sets, more than any other New York City Subway service. These trains are not the longest in the system, since a train of 11 "A" Division cars is only 561 feet (171 m) long, while a standard B Division train, which consists of ten 60-foot cars or eight 75-foot cars, is 600 feet (180 m) long.

The 7 was the last stronghold for the "Redbird" cars. Until December 2001, the entire fleet was dominated by the R33/R36 World's Fair "Bluebird" cars. In 2001, with the arrival of the R142/R142A cars, the Transit Authority announced the retirement of all Redbird cars. From January 2002 to November 2003, the Bombardier-built R62A cars formerly used on the 3 and 6 trains gradually replaced all of the R33/36 WF cars on the 7. On November 3, 2003, the last Redbird train made its final trip on this route, making all stops between Times Square and the then-named Willets Point – Shea Stadium.

Several Redbird cars running on this service were decorated with Mets logos and colors during the 2000 Subway Series against the New York Yankees, as the Flushing Line runs adjacent to Citi Field and the former location of Shea Stadium. Some R33/R36 WFs remain in Corona Yard, adjacent to Flushing Meadows Corona Park and Citi Field.

Currently, all of the R62As on the 7 have been upgraded with LED lighted signs to distinguish between express and local trains. These signs are located on the rollsigns that are found on the side of each car. The local is a green circle around the 7 service bullet while the express is a red diamond. Previously, the rollsigns showed either a 7 within a circle or a 7 within a diamond with the word "Express" underneath it.

In the future, R188 cars equipped with communications-based train control (CBTC) will run on the 7 in preparation for automating the Flushing Line.

Gallery

Service history

On June 13, 1915, the first test train on the IRT Flushing Line ran between Grand Central and Vernon Boulevard – Jackson Avenue, followed by the start of revenue service on June 22. Over the next thirteen years, the line was extended piece by piece to its current form between Times Square and Flushing – Main Street.

The 7 designation has been assigned to its current route since the introduction of front rollsigns on the R12 in 1948.

From May 13, 1985 to August 21, 1989, the IRT Flushing Line was overhauled for improvements, including the installation of new track, repair of station structures and to improve line infrastructure. The major element was the replacement of rails on the Queens Boulevard viaduct. Express service was suspended for the duration of the project; however, extra service was provided for Mets games and Flushing Meadows Park events. Upon the completion of the project, express service was restored, but express trains bypassed 61st Street – Woodside because the Transit Authority was concerned about passengers transferring between local and express trains at that station. The stop was added a few months later after pressure from community opposition.[4]

In the mid-1990s, the MTA discovered that the Queens Boulevard viaduct structure was unstable, as rocks that were used to support the tracks as ballast became loose due to poor drainage, which, in turn, affected the integrity of the concrete structure overall. Express service was suspended between 61st Street – Woodside and Queensboro Plaza; temporary platforms were installed to access the express track in the four intermediate stations.[5] The work began in April 1993. When the viaduct reconstruction finished on March 31, 1997, full express service was reinstated.[6]

In 1999, express service was expanded from rush hours only to weekdays from 6:30 to 22:00 (6:30 a.m. to 10:00 p.m. eastern time). However, this expansion was cut back in 2009 due to frequent midday construction.

Work has been underway since 2008 to convert the 7 service to accommodate CBTC. Expected to cost $585.9 million, CBTC will allow two additional trains per hour, providing a 7% increase in capacity. New cars on order for the A Division (the R188 contract) are compatible with CBTC, which the MTA estimates will be completed in 2016.[7]

An extension of the Flushing line west then south to 34th Street – 11th Avenue, near the Jacob K. Javits Convention Center, is currently under construction and is scheduled to be completed in June 2014, instead of December 2013. The 34th Street station's construction project itself will not be completed until the end of 2015.[8][9]

On November 16, 2010, New York City officials announced they are considering a further extension of the service across the Hudson River to the Secaucus Junction train station in New Jersey.[10] As of October 26, 2011 tentative support for the extension has been given by New York City Mayor Bloomberg as well as New Jersey Governor Chris Christie in comments to the press.[11][12] However, in April 2013, MTA former chairman Joseph Lhota announced that the 7 train would not be extended to New Jersey due to the high costs of the project, which included constructing a subway yard and a subway tunnel in New Jersey. Instead, Lhota put his support behind Amtrak’s Gateway Tunnel project which entails a new tunnel to Manhattan for Amtrak and NJ Transit trains.[13]

Route

Service pattern

The following table shows the line used by the 7 and <7> trains, with shaded boxes indicating the route at the specified times:

Line From To Tracks Times
rush hour
peak dir.
all times
IRT Flushing Line (full line) Flushing – Main Street 33rd Street – Rawson Street express    
local    
Queensboro Plaza Times Square all  

Stations

For a more detailed station listing, see IRT Flushing Line.

Station service legend
Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only
Station closed
Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
Stations Subway transfers Connections/Notes
Queens
Flushing – Main Street LIRR Port Washington Branch at Flushing Main Street
Q48 to LaGuardia Airport
Mets – Willets Point formerly Willets Point – Shea Stadium
LIRR Port Washington Branch at Mets – Willets Point (special events only)
Q48 to LaGuardia Airport
Northern terminus for some rush hour local trains
111th Street Q48 to LaGuardia Airport
Northern terminus for some Flushing-bound local trains during the AM rush hours
103rd Street – Corona Plaza
Junction Boulevard Q72 to LaGuardia Airport
90th Street – Elmhurst Avenue
82nd Street – Jackson Heights
74th Street – Broadway E all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. R all hours except late nights (IND Queens Boulevard Line) Q70 to LaGuardia Airport
Q47 to LaGuardia Airport Marine Air Terminal
69th Street
61st Street – Woodside LIRR City Terminal Zone at Woodside
Q70 to LaGuardia Airport
52nd Street
46th Street – Bliss Street
40th Street – Lowery Street
33rd Street – Rawson Street
Queensboro Plaza N all times Q weekdays (BMT Astoria Line)
Court Square G all times (IND Crosstown Line)
E all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Queens Boulevard Line at Court Square – 23rd Street)
Hunters Point Avenue LIRR City Terminal Zone at Hunterspoint Avenue (peak hours only)
Vernon Boulevard – Jackson Avenue LIRR City Terminal Zone at Long Island City (peak hours only)
Manhattan
Grand Central 4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Metro-North Railroad at Grand Central Terminal
Fifth Avenue B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line at 42nd Street – Bryant Park)
Times Square 1 all times 2 all times 3 all times (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line)
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street – Port Authority Bus Terminal)
N all times Q all times R all except late nights (BMT Broadway Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
7 Subway Extension
10th Avenue Proposed, not funded M11
34th Street Under construction, scheduled opening 2014 M34 Select Bus Service

References

External links

External video
A Weekend at Work: Flushing Line May 2011, Metropolitan Transportation Authority; July 21, 2011; 3:42 YouTube video clip
  • MTA New York City Transit – 7 Flushing Local
  • MTA New York City Transit – 7 Flushing Express
  • Safari 7 – Tour of Urban Wildlife along the 7 train
  • Fiscal Brief September 2002 PDF (144 KB)
  • City Raises $2 Billion In Bonds For No. 7 Train Extension - NY1 local news channel (retrieved on 12/07/2006)
  • NY1 local news channel (retrieved on 05/25/2010)
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