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149th Street Tunnel

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Title: 149th Street Tunnel  
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Subject: The Bronx, List of tunnels in the United States, 149 (number), Bridges and tunnels in New York City, Madison Avenue Bridge, 145th Street Bridge, List of crossings of the Harlem River
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149th Street Tunnel

IRT White Plains Road Line
5 train serves most of the IRT White Plains Road Line.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System New York City Subway
Termini Wakefield – 241st Street
149th Street – Grand Concourse
Stations 20
Operation
Opening 1904-1920
Owner City of New York
Operator(s) New York City Transit Authority
Character Elevated (Most of the line)
Underground (3rd Ave and Grand Concourse stations only)
Technical
No. of tracks 2-3
Track gauge
Electrification 600V DC third rail


The White Plains Road Line (sometimes referred to as WPR Line) is a rapid transit line of the IRT division of the New York City Subway serving the central Bronx. It is mostly elevated and served both subway and elevated trains until 1952.[1]

It is currently being used by the 2 as the local at all times and the 5 as the local at all times except rush hours in peak direction (when it runs express between East 180th Street and Third Avenue – 149th Street) and late nights (when it runs as a shuttle between Eastchester – Dyre Avenue and East 180th Street).

Extent and service

The following services use part or all of the White Plains Road Line:

Route Service Section of line
2 Local Full line
5 Local (express rush hours in peak direction, no service late nights) East 180th Street to 149th Street – Grand Concourse
5 Local, rush hours in peak direction only Nereid Avenue to East 180th Street


Section of line Tracks Services
Wakefield – 241st Street to Nereid Avenue Local 2 always
Express no regular service
Nereid Avenue to East 180th Street Local 2 always, 5 rush hours in peak direction
Express no regular service
East 180th Street to 149th Street – Grand Concourse Local 2 always, 5 all but late nights and rush hours in peak direction
Express 5 rush hours in peak direction
South of 149th Street – Grand Concourse All 2 always via 7th Avenue Line, 5 always, except late nights, via Lexington Avenue Line.
IRT White Plains Road Line
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The IRT White Plains Road Line begins at the Wakefield – 241st Street terminal, with two tracks, one island platform, and two closed side platforms. Crossovers just south of the station take trains to the correct tracks and a center express track comes out of those crossovers. Between Wakefield – 241st Street and Nereid Avenue, a connection comes in from the 239th Street Yard.

Just north of Gun Hill Road, the now demolished IRT Third Avenue Line split from the local tracks (with crossovers to the express tracks just to the north). The line went to a lower level of Gun Hill Road and then turned west.

The IRT Dyre Avenue Line merges to the local tracks just north of East 180th Street, and then crossovers allow those trains to reach the express tracks. The 5 late-night Dyre Avenue Shuttle uses the center track to end its run, and rush hour 5 trains in the peak direction change to the express track here. On the west side of this junction is the East 180th Street Yard while the Unionport Yard is to the east.

The now-gone three-track Bronx Park Spur merged from the west after East 180th Street with one track into each of the mainline tracks. Just after this on the east side was a connection to the West Farms Yard, also gone.

The express track ends north of Third Avenue – 149th Street, and from there to the end the line has two tracks. Formerly in that area there was a connection just to the north to the local tracks of the IRT Third Avenue Line, and a connection to the south, bypassing 149th Street on the Third Avenue Line. Just past those former connections, the White Plains Road Line goes underground.

Just after 149th Street – Grand Concourse, the tracks split off and the two currently used by the 5 train turn south to merge with the local tracks of the IRT Jerome Avenue Line. The other tracks, currently used by the 2 train, pass under the Harlem River via the 149th Street Tunnel and end at the at-grade 142nd Street Junction, connecting to the IRT Lenox Avenue Line.

History

The part of the line from the IRT Lenox Avenue Line to 180th Street – Bronx Park was built as part of Contract 1. According to an article of the New York Times, Service on the IRT White Plains Road Line was extended from East 177th Street – East Tremont Avenue to East 219th Street – White Plains Road beginning on March 4, 1917.[2]

In 1956, 180th Street – Bronx Park was closed and was demolished. Former trackways of this station can still be seen north of the current West Farms Square – East Tremont Avenue Station.[3]

The part of the line from the S-curve north of West Farms Square – East Tremont Avenue to the terminal at 241st Street was built as a part of the Dual Contracts. The line was later connected to the IRT Dyre Avenue Line north of East 180th Street.

Due to rehabilitation of East 180th Street and signal replacements along the line, rush hour peak direction 5 express service was suspended from March 29 to September 3, 2010. PM northbound express service was suspended again on March 28, 2011 to allow for the second phase of the signal replacement project. Normal service was restored on August 8, 2011.

Station listing

Station service legend
Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights
Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Time period details
Neighborhood
(approximate)
Station Tracks Services Opened Transfers and notes
Wakefield Wakefield – 241st Street 2 all times December 13, 1920 originally East 241st Street
Connection to Metro-North Railroad (Harlem Line at Wakefield)
Center Express track begins (no regular service)
connecting tracks to 239th Street Yard
Nereid Avenue local 2 all times 5 rush hours, peak direction March 31, 1917 originally East 238th Street
233rd Street local 2 all times 5 rush hours, peak direction March 31, 1917 originally East 233rd Street
Connection to Metro-North Railroad (Harlem Line at Woodlawn)
225th Street local 2 all times 5 rush hours, peak direction March 31, 1917 originally East 225th Street
Williamsbridge 219th Street local 2 all times 5 rush hours, peak direction March 3, 1917 originally East 219th Street
Gun Hill Road all 2 all times 5 rush hours, peak direction March 3, 1917 Connection to Metro-North Railroad (Harlem Line at Williams Bridge)

Bx41 Select Bus Service

Allerton Burke Avenue local 2 all times 5 rush hours, peak direction March 3, 1917
Allerton Avenue local 2 all times 5 rush hours, peak direction March 3, 1917
Pelham Parkway Pelham Parkway local 2 all times 5 rush hours, peak direction March 3, 1917 Bx12 Select Bus Service
Van Nest Bronx Park East local 2 all times 5 rush hours, peak direction March 3, 1917
Merge from IRT Dyre Avenue Line (5 all times)
connecting tracks to Unionport Yard (east of the line)
connecting tracks to East 180th Street Yard (west of the line)
West Farms East 180th Street all 2 all times 5 all times March 3, 1917
180th Street – Bronx Park Bronx Park spur November 26, 1904 Closed August 4, 1952; later demolished.
West Farms Square – East Tremont Avenue local 2 all times 5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction November 26, 1904 originally 177th Street, then East Tremont Avenue–Boston Road
Crotona Park East 174th Street local 2 all times 5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction November 26, 1904
Freeman Street local 2 all times 5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction November 26, 1904
Longwood Simpson Street local 2 all times 5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction November 26, 1904
Intervale Avenue local 2 all times 5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction November 26, 1904 originally Intervale Avenue–163rd Street
Prospect Avenue local 2 all times 5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction November 26, 1904
Mott Haven Jackson Avenue local 2 all times 5 all except late nights and rush hours, peak direction November 26, 1904
Center Express track ends
Third Avenue – 149th Street all 2 all times 5 all except late nights July 10, 1905 originally Third Avenue

Bx41 Select Bus Service

149th Street – Grand Concourse all 2 all times 5 all except late nights July 10, 1905 4 all times (IRT Jerome Avenue Line)
originally Mott Avenue
Split with connection to IRT Jerome Avenue Line (5 all except late nights)
149th Street Tunnel
Merge with IRT Lenox Avenue Line (2 all times)

Gallery

References

External links

  • nycsubway.org - IRT Lenox/White Plains Line
  • IRT White Plains Road Line Extended from East 177th Street to 219th Street in the Bronx |NY Times Archive, March 4th, 1917 [PDF]
  • E. 180th St Station Rehab


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