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Vinnie Ream

Vinnie Ream
Born (1847-09-25)September 25, 1847
Madison, Wisconsin
Died November 20, 1914(1914-11-20) (aged 67)
Washington, D.C.
Nationality United States
Known for Sculpture

Lavinia Ellen "Vinnie" Ream Hoxie (September 25, 1847 – November 20, 1914) was an American sculptress. Her most famous work is the statue of Abraham Lincoln in the U.S. Capitol rotunda.[1]


  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
  • Works 3
  • Legacy 4
  • Portraits 5
  • Sources 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9

Early life

Ream was born September 25, 1847, in a log cabin in Madison, Wisconsin as Lavinia Ellen Ream. She was the youngest daughter of Lavinia and Robert Ream. Robert Ream was a surveyor and a Wisconsin Territory civil servant. Her mother was a McDonald of Scottish ancestry. The Reams also operated a stage coach stop, one of the first hotels in Madison, from their home. Guests slept on the floor.

Her brother Robert Ream enlisted in the Confederate army, in Arkansas, serving in Woodruff's battery.[2]

Vinnie Ream attended Christian College in Columbia, Missouri, now known as Columbia College. A portrait of Martha Washington by Ream hangs in St. Clair Hall.[3][4]


portrait with Lincoln bust

In 1861, her family moved to Washington, D.C. Vinnie Ream was one of the first women to be employed by the federal government, as a clerk in the dead letter office of the United States Post Office from 1862 to 1866 during the American Civil War. She sang at the E Street Baptist Church, and for the wounded at Washington, D.C. hospitals.[5] She collected materials for the Grand Sanitary Commission.[6]

In 1863, James S. Rollins introduced her to Clark Mills.[7] In 1864, President Lincoln agreed to model for her in the morning for five months.[3]

Vinnie Ream was the youngest artist and first woman to receive a commission as an artist from the

  • The Vinnie Ream Cultural Center of Vinita, Oklahoma
  • Vinnie Ream (Hoxie)
  • Vinnie Ream Hoxie, Wisconsin State Historical Society
  • "Vinnie Ream and Richard Leveridge Hoxie papers", Library of Congress
  • John J. McDonald, "Vinnie Ream Hoxie at Iowa and Elsewhere", Books at Iowa 22 (April 1975)
  • "The Farragut Statue: Vinnie Ream's Other Big Commission", Streets of Washington, D.C.
  • "Vinnie Ream. Photographer unknown. Biographical File. Prints and Photographs Division. LC-USZ62-10284.". Library of Congress. Retrieved February 15, 2012. 
  • Vinnie Ream at Find a Grave

External links

  • Stewart Alsop (1968), The Center: People and Power in Political Washington, 1968 reprint, New York: Popular Library.
  • David O. Stewart (2009), Impeached: The Trial of President Andrew Johnson and the Fight for Lincoln's Legacy, New York: Simon and Schuster, ISBN 9781416547495 .

Further reading

  1. ^ Vinnie Ream [Hoxie]. Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  2. ^ Cooper, p.3
  3. ^ a b c Columbia College spotlight stories: Vinnie Ream, Christian College's first artist. (2011-01-24). Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  4. ^ Vinnie Ream (1847–1914) – Historic Missourians – The State Historical Society of Missouri. Retrieved on 2013-01-10.
  5. ^ Cooper, p.7
  6. ^ Cooper, p.11
  7. ^ Cover :: Missouri Historical Review. Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  8. ^ Gibson, p. 4
  9. ^ Cooper, p.26
  10. ^ Cooper, p.59
  11. ^ Cooper, pp. 73–81
  12. ^ Vinnie Ream (American sculptor) – Britannica Online Encyclopedia. (1914-11-20). Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  13. ^ Cooper, p. 122
  14. ^ Cooper, pp.126–129
  15. ^ Reminiscences of my childhood and youth, Georg Brandes, p. 318ff
  16. ^ Gibson, pp. 15–17
  17. ^ a b Vinnie Ream Hoxie. Military Spouse & Sculptor. Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  18. ^ Cooper, p.149
  19. ^ Cooper, p.154
  20. ^ "AMERICAN INSTITUTE FAIR.; The Fortieth Annual Exhibition A Large Display in the Different Branches of Art, Agriculture and Manufacture". The New York Times. 1871-09-06. 
  21. ^ Cooper, p.157
  22. ^ Cooper, pp. 167–168
  23. ^ Cooper, p.205
  24. ^ Cooper, p.210
  25. ^ Cooper, p.220
  26. ^ a b Vinnie Ream Hoxie. (1914-11-20). Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  27. ^ Cooper, p.241
  28. ^ Gibson, pp.56–57
  29. ^ Richard Leveridge Hoxie, Brigadier General, United States Army. Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  30. ^ Gibson, p.57
  31. ^ McDonald on Vinnie Ream Hoxie. Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  32. ^ Cooper, p.261
  33. ^ Eagle, Mary Kavanaugh Oldham, (ed). "Lincoln and Farragut." by Mrs. Vinnie Ream Hoxie (1847–1914). The Congress of Women: Held in the Woman's Building, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, U.S.A., 1893. Chicago, Ill: Monarch Book Company, 1894. pp. 603–608.
  34. ^ Kathryn Allamong Jacob (1998). Testament to Union: Civil War monuments in Washington, Part 3. Photograph Edwin Harlan Remsberg. JHU Press.  
  35. ^ Cover: Missouri Historical Review. Retrieved on 2011-07-19.
  36. ^ Vinita Oklahoma Area Chamber of Commerce promoting visitor information for the purpose of relocation & tourism


  • Vinnie Ream. Press of Gibson bros. 1908. 
  • Glenn V. Sherwood (1997). A labor of love: the life & art of Vinnie Ream. SunShine Press Publications.  
  • Edward S. Cooper (2009). Vinnie Ream: An American Sculptor. Academy Chicago Publishers.  
  • "Lincoln’s “Unfathomable Sorrow”: Vinnie Ream, Sculptural Realism, and the Cultural Work of Sympathy in Nineteenth-Century America", European Journal of American Studies



The town of Vinita, Oklahoma was named in honor of Vinnie Ream.[36]


A first-day cover stamp was issued in honor of Vinnie Ream and her work on the statue of Sequoyah, the Native American inventor of the Cherokee alphabet.


  • Sappho 1865–1870
  • Thaddeus Stevens 1865
  • America 1870
  • The West 1870?
  • Miriam 1870?
  • Abraham Lincoln 1871
  • Admiral David G. Farragut 1881
  • Edwin B. Hay 1902–06
  • Samuel Jordan Kirkwood 1906
  • Sequoyah 1912–1914


She died on November 20, 1914.[17] Vinnie Ream Hoxie and her husband are buried in section three of Arlington National Cemetery, marked by her statue Sappho.[34]

Her marbles, America, The West, and Miriam, were exhibited at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition.[33] Ream designed the first free-standing statue of a Native American, Sequoyah, to be placed in Statuary Hall at the Capitol.

Ream married Richard L. Hoxie, of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on May 28, 1878.[28][29] They had one son. Her husband was reassigned to Montgomery, Alabama, and St. Paul Minnesota. Finally, the Hoxies lived at 1632 K Street near Farragut Square,[30] and had a summer home at 310 South Lucas Street, Iowa City, Iowa.[31][32] Vinnie played the harp for entertainment.[26]

[27].Washington Navy Yard It was cast in the [26], Washington, D.C., was unveiled on May 28, 1878.Farragut Square. Her sculpture, located at Admiral David G. Farragut and Mrs. Farragut, she won a competition to sculpt William Tecumseh Sherman After lobbying [25] In November 1877, she produced a model for a Lee statue in Richmond.[24].Centennial Exposition In 1876, she exhibited at the [23] She returned to Washington and opened a studio and salon at 235

When the statue was complete, she returned to Washington. On January 25, 1871, her white marble statue of President Abraham Lincoln was unveiled in the United States Capitol rotunda.[16] She was only 23 years old.[17] She opened a studio at 704 Broadway, New York.[18] In 1871, she exhibited at the American Institution Fair.[19][20]


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