World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Safiental

Article Id: WHEBN0007161140
Reproduction Date:

Title: Safiental  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Glas Pass, Walser, Walser German, Disentis, Lumnezia
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Safiental

Safiental
Valendas town center and fountain
Valendas town center and fountain
Safiental is located in Switzerland
Safiental
Coordinates:
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Surselva
Area[1]
 • Total 151.42 km2 (58.46 sq mi)
Population (Dec 2014[2])
 • Total 895
 • Density 5.9/km2 (15/sq mi)
Postal code 7122/7104/7107/7106
SFOS number 3672
Surrounded by Castrisch, Flims, Riein, Sagogn, Bonaduz, Präz, Rhäzüns, Trin, Casti-Wergenstein, Duvin, Flerden, Mathon, Nufenen, Pitasch, Portein, Sankt Martin, Sarn, Splügen, Sufers, Tschappina, Vals
Website website missing
SFSO statistics

Safiental is a municipality in the district of Surselva in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. The municipalities of Valendas, Versam, Safien and Tenna merged on 1 January 2013 into the new municipality of Safiental.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Historic Population 4
  • Heritage sites of national significance 5
  • Transportation 6
  • In Popular Culture 7
  • References 8

History

Valendas is first mentioned in 765 as in Valendano.[4] Versam is first mentioned in 1050 as a valle Versamia.[5] Safien is first mentioned in 1219 as Stosavia.[6] Tenna is first mentioned in 1398 as Thena.[7]

Formerly inhabited by Romansh speakers, it was settled by the Walser in the late 13th century. Population fell from 1,798 in 1850 to 994 in 1980 and has since stabilized just around 1,000.

Geography

Versam village church
The Neukirch (New Church) hamlet of Safien village

The former municipalities that make up Safiental had an area of 151.42 km2 (58.46 sq mi).[1]

The municipality contains the Safien valley, an alpine valley of the Canton of Graubünden, branching off the Vorderrhein valley.

Safien had an area, as of 2006, of 100.6 km2 (38.8 sq mi). Of this area, 45.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 18.2% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (35.4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[8] Safien was the capital of the Safien sub-district of the Surselva district in the mid and upper Safien valley. The valley is drained by the Rabiusa river. The former municipality consists of the village of Safien-Platz (elevation: 1,350 m (4,430 ft)) and scattered hamlets and single farm houses throughout the valley.

Tenna had an area, as of 2006, of 11.3 km2 (4.4 sq mi). Of this area, 45.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 34% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (19.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[8] It is a German-speaking collection of small settlements on a terrace above the west side of the Safien valley. It consists of the village of Tenna which is made up of the sections of Ausserberg, Mitte and Innerberg as well as the hamlets of Acla and Egschi along the valley road.

Valendas had an area, as of 2006, of 22.8 km2 (8.8 sq mi). Of this area, 21.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 48.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (27.9%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[8] It is located above the right side of the Vorderrhein canyon. It consists of the haufendorf village (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) of Valendas and the hamlets of Carrera, Brün, Dutjen and Turisch.

Versam had an area, as of 2006, of 16.8 km2 (6.5 sq mi). Of this area, 16.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 70.6% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (10.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[8] It is located above the Vorderrhein canyon at the entrance to the Safien Valley. It consists of the linear village of Versam and the hamlets of Versam-Station, Arezen, Calörtsch and Sculms.

Demographics

The total population of Safiental (as of December 2014) is 895.[2]

Historic Population

The historical population is given in the following chart:[9]

Heritage sites of national significance

The Türelihus and the Haus Joos with attached barn in Valendas and the Swiss Reformed Church in Tenna are listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance.[10]

The Türelihus (Türeli House) is located in the center of Valendas and is one of the most historically valuable houses in the village. The interior contains many of the original furnishings from the Renaissance and Baroque eras. The original building was constructed in 1485. In 1554 it was expanded, this expansion was known as the Renaissance phase, with a spiral staircase within a tower and a stable was added to the north side. In 1775 it was renovated in the baroque style. The four-story building was abandoned for many years and had begun to decay. In 1994, the first attempt to renovate this building ended with only the addition of a temporary roof.[11]

The oldest part of the Haus Joos may date to about 1300. The attached barn has a date of 1572 carved into it. However, the building is currently in poor condition and has not been used for a number of years.[12]

Transportation

Versam-Safien station on the valley floor

Versam-Safien, the nearest Rhaetian Railway station, is located about 3.6 km (2.2 mi) from Versam. It is located on the Vorderrhein valley floor while Versam in on the heights above the station. To reach the village directly, there are two Postauto bus stops in the village.[13]

In Popular Culture

The 2012 feature film The Hour of Living is largely set in Safiental, with especially Grossalp Piggamad, as well as Z'hinderst, Bodaälpli and Alperschällihorn with its Gletscherseeli all serving as prominent locations.[14][15]

References

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistics Office – STAT-TAB Ständige und Nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Region, Geschlecht, Nationalität und Alter (German) accessed 31 August 2015
  3. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 2 January 2013
  4. ^ Valendas in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ Versam in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  6. ^ Safien in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  7. ^ Tenna in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  8. ^ a b c d Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 4 January 2013
  9. ^ Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  10. ^ Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance 21.11.2008 version, (German) accessed 20-Nov-2009
  11. ^ Türeli-Haus from the municipality website (German) accessed 20 November 2009
  12. ^ Valendas website (German) accessed 20 November 2009
  13. ^ Official website (German) accessed 20 November 2009
  14. ^ IMDb Entry for The Hour of Living accessed 13 February 2013
  15. ^ Official Website The Hour of Living accessed 13 February 2013
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.