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Rye, New York

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Rye, New York

This article is about the city. For the town, see Rye (town), New York.
Official seal of Rye

Location within Westchester County
Location within Westchester County

Coordinates: 40°58′52″N 73°41′02″W / 40.98111°N 73.68389°W / 40.98111; -73.68389Coordinates: 40°58′52″N 73°41′02″W / 40.98111°N 73.68389°W / 40.98111; -73.68389

Country United States
State New York
County Westchester
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Douglas H. French (R)
 • City Council
 • Total 20.0 sq mi (51.9 km2)
 • Land 5.8 sq mi (15.0 km2)
 • Water 14.2 sq mi (36.9 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 15,720
 • Density 2,710/sq mi (1,050/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 10580
Area code(s) 914
FIPS code 36-64309

Rye is a city in Westchester County, New York, United States. It is separate from the town of Rye, which is larger than the city. Rye city, formerly the village of Rye, was part of the town until it received its charter as a city in 1942. The population was 15,720 at the 2010 census.[1]

The city is the site of the boyhood home and final resting place of John Jay, a Founding Father and the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. Original milestones, fixed in 1763 by Benjamin Franklin along the Boston Post Road during his term as Postmaster General, still mark the 24th, 25th, and 26th miles from New York City. The Square House is also in Rye, where George Washington once stayed for the night. It is now a museum.

Playland, an historic amusement park and designated National Historic Landmark, is located in Rye. Playland features one of the oldest wooden roller coasters in the Northeast, the Dragon Coaster.

Rye is the home of Rye High School, named a Gold Medal school and the 61st best high school in the U.S., 9th in New York State, and 1st in New York State if test-in schools are disregarded according to U.S. News & World Report's 2013 "Best High Schools". Rye also houses Rye Country Day School, a college preparatory school.

In 2010, Coldwell Banker reported that Rye was the third most expensive city in the country in which to buy a home.[2]


Rye is home to one Fortune 500 company, Jarden. It is home to the Westchester Country Club and The Apawamis Country Club


The Rye train station provides commuter rail service to Grand Central Terminal in New York City or Stamford and New Haven-Union Station via the Metro-North Railroad's New Haven Line. The Bee-Line Bus System provides bus service to Rye on routes 61 and 76 with additional seasonal service to Rye Playland on routes 75, 91, and 92.

Emergency services

Police Department

The City of Rye police department has 35 sworn-in officers and about six civil officers. They operate a fleet of Ford Crown Victorias, Chevrolet Tahoes and one military-surplus truck used for emergency services. There is also one Toyota Prius for parking enforcement. This car can be seen parked on the shoulder at Rye High School in the morning helping students cross the street into the school parking lot. The Rye Auxiliary Police is an all-volunteer force that provides assistance when needed. Police officer are always first on scene to medical calls and can provide basic life support. The Westchester County Police also patrols several areas of Rye, such as Playland Park and The Marshlands.

Fire Department

The city of Rye Fire Department has 16 career firefighters and 130 volunteer firefighters. They use two Fire Stations and man three Engines, two Ladders, two Utility Units, and three Command Vehicles. The Rye Fire Department respond to approximately 1,000 emergency calls annually.

Emergency Medical Services

Emergency medical service is provided by Port Chester-Rye-Rye Brook EMS at the Advanced Life Support Level (ALS). They are a combination agency with 50 members (30 paid EMTs, 15 paramedics and five volunteers). They operate five ALS ambulances and three paramedic flycars from their station in Port Chester.


Rye was at one time a part of Fairfield County, Conn., which was a belonging of the Sachem Ponus, of the Ponus Wekuwuhm, Canaan Parish, and which was probably named for that chieftan, "Peningoe Neck".[3] The oldest house in the city, the Timothy Knapp House, is owned by the Rye Historical Society and dates in its original version to around 1667. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. Also listed on the National Register of Historic Places are the African Cemetery, Bird Homestead, Widow Haviland's Tavern, Rye Town Park-Bathing Complex and Oakland Beach and United States Post Office. The Boston Post Road Historic District was listed in 1982 as a National Historic Landmark.[4] The Rye Meeting House was added in 2011.[5]

The Historical Society also owns a former inn/tavern built in 1730, the Square House, which it operates as a museum. George Washington stayed at the Square House on two separate occasions, remarking favorably on his stay in his diaries.

The Jay Property at 210 Boston Post Road, where New York State's only native-born founding father African Free School.

Rye is known for its theme park, Rye Playland, a popular destination in the early 20th century, where people were able to take their boats right up to the park. Its famous roller coaster, the Dragon Coaster, was at one time a Top-10 wooden roller coaster in the world. Glenn Close and Ellen Latzen ride the roller coaster in the 1980s thriller, Fatal Attraction. Playland is also the setting for several key scenes in the comedy film, Big, starring Tom Hanks.

Rye is served by three public elementary schools: Osborn, Milton and Midland. Rye Middle School and Rye High School follow; they are part of the same campus, and the two buildings connect.

The annual Rye-Harrison football game has been played for almost 80 years and is a top high school football rivalry in Westchester County. The Rye team has won three recent New York State championships, two consecutively, and has defeated Harrison in nine consecutive meetings. Harrison leads the all-time series with a record of 41-37-3.

Notable people

See also

  • Greenwood Union Cemetery, Rye, New York


External links

  • City of Rye official website
  • The Rye Sound Shore Review
  • The Rye Historical Society
  • Jay Heritage Center
  • Rye City Schools
  • Rye Country Day School
  • Rye Record
  • Rye Nature Center
  • Rye Free Reading Room (public library)
  • Jay Family Cemetery
  • Hudson River Valley Heritage Area
  • Library of Congress-Local Legacies-Jay Heritage Center
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