World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mount Royal Cross

Article Id: WHEBN0017984243
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mount Royal Cross  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 1643, Mount Royal, Paul de Chomedey, Sieur de Maisonneuve, Mount Royal (disambiguation), Montreal, Dorchester Square, Timeline of Montreal history
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Mount Royal Cross

Mount Royal Cross
Croix du mont Royal
Daytime image

45°30′32″N 73°35′16″W / 45.50889°N 73.58778°W / 45.50889; -73.58778Coordinates: 45°30′32″N 73°35′16″W / 45.50889°N 73.58778°W / 45.50889; -73.58778

Location Mount Royal
Material iron
Width 11 metres (36 ft)
Height 31.4 metres (103 ft)
Beginning date May 16, 1924
Completion date Mid-September 1924

The Mount Royal Cross is a monument on top of Mount Royal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It stands at the northeastern peak of the mountain and overlooks the eastern part of the island.


The first cross was first erected atop Mount Royal by the city's founder, Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, in 1643 thereby fulfilling his vow to the Virgin Mary in his prayers to end a disastrous flood.

An illuminated cross was installed in 1924 by the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste and was given to the city in 1929. Even though the city assumed responsibility for maintenance and operation of the cross since then, no documentation supporting the transaction existed prior to June 2004 when the Montreal City Council approved cessation of the monument.

The current cross stands 31.4 m (103 ft) tall. It was converted to fibre-optic light in 1992, allowing the cross to be lit in red, blue or purple. Work began on the cross on May 16, 1924, and although it had been completed by mid-September, the cross was not illuminated for the first time until Christmas Eve. The electricity provided to light the cross was provided free of charge by Montreal Heat, Power, and Light.

In 2008-9, the cross was taken down while it was renovated and while its lighting system was converted to polychromatic LEDs. The city also took advantage of this to perform additional work to improve access to the site and install new park furniture. The renovations' total cost was $2 million and the bill was footed by the City and by the Ministère de la culture, des communications et de la condition féminine.[1]

The cross is made of steel and consists of 1,830 pieces joined by 6,000 rivets weighing 26 tons. It is 31.4 metres tall and its arms span 11 metres and it stands 252 metres above the St. Lawrence River. Following the latest renovation, it is lit by 158 18-LED bulbs.[1]

The cross is usually lit in white and the new LED system allows it to be any colour, including the purple traditionally used between the death and election of a new Pope.[2] Before the installation of the fibre-optic lighting, the purple illumination was accomplished by changing all the light bulbs. It is now controlled by computer. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Montreal is the body responsible of informing the city of the death of the Pope.[3] On various occasions, the cross has been turned red for AIDS awareness and blue for Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day. The Resignation of Pope Benedict XVI presented a bit of a dilemma for how the cross would be lit; it was later announced that the cross would be lit in white during the interregnum preceding the election of Pope Francis on March 13, 2013.[4]

On March 28, 2009, it was turned off for an hour to mark Earth Hour.[5]

Time capsule

Next to the cross, a plaque marks the emplacement of a time capsule buried in 1992, during Montreal's 350th birthday celebration. It contains messages and drawings from 12,000 children, depicting their visions for the city in the year 2142, when it is scheduled to be opened.[6]


In 1988, Hans Marotte covered the cross with an enormous Loi 101 flag, a gesture which earned him immediate notoriety throughout Canada.



This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.