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Title: Castellum  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Elginhaugh, Sufes, Leiden, (1133) Lugduna, Lowland castle
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A castellum is a small Roman detached fort or fortlet used as a watch tower or signal station. The Latin word castellum is a diminutive of castra ("military camp"), which in turn is the plural of castrum ("watchpost"); it is the source of the English word "castle".

Reconstructed Limes watch tower, between Bad Nauheim and Pfaffenwiesbach, Germany.

Castellum divisorium

Ruins of the castellum divisorium in Nîmes, France, which distributed water from an aqueduct to individual water pipes.

The term castellum was also used to refer to a settling or storage reservoir along the length of an aqueduct.

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