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Askunu language

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Title: Askunu language  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Nuristani languages, Ishkashimi language, Languages of Afghanistan, Pashayi languages, Shughni language
Collection: Nuristani Languages, Nuristani Languages of Afghanistan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Askunu language

Native to Afghanistan
Region Nuristan Province
Native speakers
40,000 (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 ask
Glottolog ashk1246[2]
Linguasphere 58-ACA-a

Âṣkuňu is a language of Afghanistan spoken by the Âṣkuňu, Saňu, and Grâmsaňâ people in the region of the central Pech Valley around Wâmâ and in some eastern tributary valleys of the upper Alingar River in Afghanistan's Nuristan province. The most used alternative name for all three tribes is Ashkun, which was first noted by George Scott Robertson in 1896.

It is classified as member of the Nuristani sub-family of the Indo-Iranian languages.


  • Dialects 1
  • Location Description 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Askun is spoken in several dialects in southwestern Nuristan. The main body of the Askunu tribe inhabits the

  • Endangered Languages profile for Askunu
  • Strand, Richard F. (1997-present). "Nuristan: Hidden Land of the Hindu-Kush". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  • Strand, Richard F. (1998). "The âṣkuňu, saňu, and gřâmsaňâ". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  • Strand, Richard F. (2008). "Saňu-vi:ri Lexicon". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  • Strand, Richard F. (2011). "The Sound System of Saňu-vi:ri". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  • Strand, Richard F. (2010). "Nurestâni Languages". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition. Retrieved 2012-01-16. 

External links

  1. ^ Askuňu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ashkun".  
  3. ^ Strand, R. F. (1973). Notes on the Nūristāni and Dardic Languages. Journal of the American Oriental Society, (3). 297.


Part of Nuristan and adjacent areas along the Kabul river and its tributaries in the mountain region that encompasses northeastern Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, and northwestern India

Location Description


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