World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Allium triquetrum

Article Id: WHEBN0012665871
Reproduction Date:

Title: Allium triquetrum  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of onion cultivars, Allium, Snow Mountain Garlic, Solo garlic, Allistatin
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Allium triquetrum

Allium triquetrum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
Section: A. sect. Briseis
Species: A. triquetrum
Binomial name
Allium triquetrum
L.
Synonyms[1][2]
  • Allium medium G.Don
  • Allium opizii Wolfner
  • Allium triquetrum var. bulbiferum Batt. & Trab.
  • Allium triquetrum fo. normale (L.) Maire & Weiller
  • Allium triquetrum var. typicum (L.) Regel
  • Briseis triquetra (L.) Salisb.

Allium triquetrum is a bulbous flowering plant in the genus Allium (onions and garlic) native to the Mediterranean basin. It is known in English as three-cornered leek; both the English name and the specific epithet triquetrum refer to the three-cornered shape of the flower stalks.[3]

Distribution

Allium triquetrum is native to south-western Europe, north-western Africa, Madeira and the Canary Islands, where it grows in meadows, woodland clearings, on river banks and roadside verges from sea level to an altitude of 850 metres (2,790 ft).[4] It has also been introduced to the British Isles, New Zealand, Turkey, Australia, California, Oregon, and South America.[4][5][6]

Description

Allium triquetrum produces stems 17–59 centimetres (7–23 in) tall, which are concavely triangular in cross-section. Each stem produces an umbel inflorescence of 4–19 flowers in January–May in the species' native environment.[4] The tepals are 10–18 millimetres (0.4–0.7 in) long and white, but with a "strong green line".[7] Each plant has 2–3 narrow, linear leaves, each up to 15 cm (6 in) long.[4] The leaves have a distinct onion smell when crushed.

Culinary uses

All parts of the plant, from the bulb to the flowers, are edible fresh (for example in pestos)[8] or cooked,[9] with "a subtle flavour like leek or spring onion".[10]

References

  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ Tropicos
  3. ^ Hyam, R. & Pankhurst, R.J. (1995), Plants and their names : a concise dictionary, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 18,  
  4. ^ a b c d C. Aedo. S. Castroviejo et al., ed. L."Allium" ( 
  5. ^ Allium triquetrumBONAP (Biota of North America Project) floristic synthesis,
  6. ^ Allium triquetrumWild Picnic, a gallery of useful and edible plants in Wellington and the Wairarapa, New Zealand. Onionweed,
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Shaw, Hank. "Hunter Angler Gardener Cook". Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  9. ^ Clay, Xanthe. "Recipes made from nature's supermarket". The Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  10. ^ Pozzi, Doris. "Hello Little Weed - Recipes". Retrieved 27 March 2013. 

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Allium triquetrum at Wikispecies
  • Plants for a Future
  • Victorian Resources Online
  • UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual Interchange


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.