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Bamboo coral

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Bamboo coral

Bamboo coral
Isidella tentaculum (Gulf of Alaska)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Subclass: Octocorallia
Order: Alcyonacea
Family: Isididae
Lamouroux, 1812
This bamboo coral branches at the gorgonin internodes
Fragments of fossil Keratoisis melitensis (Goldfuss, 1826) from the Lower Pleistocene of Cape Milazzo, Sicily, Italy.

Bamboo coral, family Isididae, is a family of mostly [4]

Description

Relatively little is known about bamboo coral.[5][6] The skeletons of bamboo coral are made up of bamboo plant on land.[7] Bamboo coral was reported in 2005 to have been found on a dozen seamounts in the Pacific Ocean between Santa Barbara, California, and Kodiak, Alaska.[9] Although the ages and growth rates for most deep water coral are not yet available, specimens of bamboo coral found in the Gulf of Alaska have been estimated to have a life span of from 75 to 126 years, based on radiocarbon-based growth rate and age data.[10]

Recently, a mission funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) discovered seven new species of bamboo coral in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, a U.S. National Monument lying primarily in deep waters off the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, using the Pisces V. Of these seven new species, six may represent completely new genera (that is, major new classification categories). Data from these findings are still being analyzed.[11] A bamboo coral "tree", five feet tall, was described for the first time by the mission. Scientists also found an area of dead coral, about 10,000 square feet (930 m2) and more than 2,000 feet (610 m) deep. The cause of death of the coral community is unknown but it is estimated to have occurred several thousand to perhaps over a million years ago.[12]

Deep sea bamboo coral provides the ecosystems to support deep sea life and also may be among the first organisms to display the effects of changes in bottom trawling.[9] Other research has raised the possibility that Isididae corals, because of their potential to mimic biological properties, may potentially be used as living bone implants as well as in aquatic cultivation.[7]

Genera

The following genera are currently described in the Isididae family:[13]

References

  1. ^ "Isididae". research.calacademy.org. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  2. ^ "Deep-Sea Corals Portal". www.ull.edu. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 
  3. ^ Scott C. France (2007). "Genetic analysis of bamboo corals" ( 
  4. ^ a b "National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration – New Deep-Sea Coral Discovered on NOAA-Supported Mission". www.noaanews.noaa.gov. Archived from the original on 9 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  5. ^ Peter Etnoyer. "NOAA Ocean Explorer: Exploring Alaska'a Seamounts". www.oceanexplorer.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  6. ^ "Isididae – GBIF Portal". data.gbif.org. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  7. ^ a b c H. Ehrlich, P. Etnoyer, S. D. Litvinov, M. M. Olennikova, H. Domaschke, T. Hanke, R. Born, H. Meissner & H. Worch (2006). "Biomaterial structure in deep-sea bamboo coral (Anthozoa: Gorgonacea: Isididae): perspectives for the development of bone implants and templates for tissue engineering". Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik 37 (6): 552–557.  
  8. ^ "New Isidella bamboo coral". X-Ray International Dive Magazine. www.xray-mag.com. Archived from the original on 31 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  9. ^ a b "The Deep Sea Conservation Coalition – Press Release". www.savethehighseas.org. Archived from the original on 27 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  10. ^ E. B. Roark, T. P. Guilderson, S. Flood-Page, R. B. Dunbar, B. L. Ingram, S. J. Fallon & M. McCulloch (2005). "Radiocarbon-based ages and growth rates of bamboo corals from the Gulf of Alaska" ( 
  11. ^ "Discovery – 7 New Species Of Bamboo Coral Near Hawaii". www.scientificblogging.com. 2009-03-05. 
  12. ^ "New species of bamboo coral identified off Hawaii". www.samoanewsonline.com. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  13. ^ L. van Ofwegen (2011). "Isididae".  

External links

  • "Classification of Family: Isididae – GBIF Portal". data.gbif.org. 
  • "Discover Life – Gorgonacea: Isididae". www.discoverlife.org. 
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