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World Book Capital

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Title: World Book Capital  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Wrocław, Port Harcourt, Yerevan, Bogotá, Beirut39
Collection: Capitals, Reading (Process), Unesco, Wrocław
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World Book Capital

World Book Capital is a title bestowed by UNESCO to a city in recognition of the quality of its programs to promote books and reading and the dedication of all players in the book industry.

The designation runs from UNESCO's World Book and Copyright Day (April 23) of one year until April 22 of the following year.

Contents

  • About the title 1
  • Nomination criteria 2
  • World Book Capital cities 3
  • Wrocław as the World Book Capital 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

About the title

The success of World Book and Copyright Day, launched in 1996, encouraged UNESCO to develop the concept of World Book Capital City, selecting Madrid as the Capital for 2001. This was again a success, and so UNESCO's General Conference resolved to make the designation of a World Book Capital City an annual event.

UNESCO invited the International Publishers Association, the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions and the International Booksellers Federation to participate in the nomination process, to ensure the three major branches of the book industry can participate in the decision.

The nomination does not include any financial prize; it rather acknowledges the best programmes dedicated to books and reading.

Nomination criteria

The nominating committee welcomes programmes — presented by or endorsed by the mayor of the city making the application — that promote and foster reading. The programmes are to run from one World Book and Copyright Day and the next. The nomination committee will turn its attention to certain criteria:

  • the degree of participation of all levels (from the municipal to the international level)
  • the programme's potential impact
  • the scope and quality of the activities proposed by the candidates, and the extent to which they involve writers, publishers, booksellers and libraries
  • any other projects promoting books and reading
  • the extent to which the programme respects the principles of freedom of expression, as stated by the UNESCO Constitution as well as by Articles 19 and 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and by the Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials

World Book Capital cities

The following cities have been designated as World Book Capitals:

Year City Country
2001 Madrid  Spain
2002 Alexandria  Egypt
2003 New Delhi  India
2004 Antwerp[1]  Belgium
2005 Montreal[2]  Canada
2006 Turin[3]  Italy
2007 Bogotá[4]  Colombia
2008 Amsterdam[5]  Netherlands
2009 Beirut[6]  Lebanon
2010 Ljubljana[7]  Slovenia
2011 Buenos Aires[8]  Argentina
2012 Yerevan[9]  Armenia
2013 Bangkok[10]  Thailand
2014 Port Harcourt[11]  Nigeria
2015 Incheon[12]  South Korea
2016 Wrocław[13]  Poland
2017 Conakry[14]  Republic of Guinea

Wrocław as the World Book Capital

On the 24th of June 2014 the UNESCO committee decided to award Wrocław to be the next World Book Capital after Incheon. In 2016 Wrocław will not only become the first Polish city to hold the World Book Capital Title, but it will also be the European Capital of Culture during that year. The committee stated that “Civic leaders in Wroclaw have developed an excellent programme that will promote reading among the wider public all through the year”. The Director-General also thanked the selection committee “for its valuable work in favor of the promotion of books and of reading, through a global initiative that highlights the commitment of cities from different regions of the world.”[15]

Apart from Wrocław, three other cities competed for the title of the World Book Capital in 2016. Those cities were Brasília (Brazil), Montilla (Spain) and Sharjah (United Arab Emirates). [16]

References

  1. ^ IFLA announcement selecting Antwerp as 2004 World Book Capital City
  2. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Montreal as 2005 World Book Capital City
  3. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Turin as 2006 World Book Capital City
  4. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Bogotá as 2007 World Book Capital City
  5. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Amsterdam as 2008 World Book Capital City
  6. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Beirut as 2009 World Book Capital City
  7. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Ljubljana as 2010 World Book Capital City
  8. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Buenos Aires as 2011 World Book Capital City
  9. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Yerevan as 2012 World Book Capital City
  10. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Bangkok as 2013 World Book Capital City
  11. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Port Harcourt as 2014 World Book Capital City
  12. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Incheon as 2015 World Book Capital City
  13. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Wrocław as 2016 World Book Capital
  14. ^ UNESCO announcement selecting Conakry as 2017 World Book Capital
  15. ^ http://www.unesco.org/new/en/media-services/single-view/news/wroclaw_named_world_book_capital_for_2016/back/9597/#.U6wEs_mSxyV
  16. ^ World Book Capital Decision of the Selection Committee Letter

External links

  • UNESCO: World Book Capital City
  • Amsterdam World Book Capital 2008: Official web site
  • Beirut World Book Capital 2009: Official web site
  • Ljubljana World Book Capital 2010: Official web site
  • Buenos Aires World Book Capital 2011: Official web site
  • Yerevan World Book Capital 2012: Official web site
  • Bangkok World Book Capital 2013: Official web site
  • Port Harcourt World Book Capital 2014: Official web site
  • Incheon World Book Capital 2015: Official web site
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