World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

West Quoddy Head

Article Id: WHEBN0003643698
Reproduction Date:

Title: West Quoddy Head  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Maine, Lubec, Maine, Extreme points of the United States, Passamaquoddy Bay, Cadillac Mountain, Extreme points of U.S. states, Extreme points of New England
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

West Quoddy Head

West Quoddy Head Light
West Quoddy Head Light, with Grand Manan in the background
West Quoddy Head Light
Location West Quoddy head/Bay of Fundy
Coordinates 44°48′54.387″N 66°57′2.416″W / 44.81510750°N 66.95067111°W / 44.81510750; -66.95067111Coordinates: 44°48′54.387″N 66°57′2.416″W / 44.81510750°N 66.95067111°W / 44.81510750; -66.95067111

Year first constructed 1808
Year first lit 1858 (Current tower)
Automated 1988
Foundation Masonry
Construction Brick
Tower shape Conical
Markings / pattern Red and white bands with black lantern
Height 49 feet (15 m)
Focal height 83 feet (25 m)
Original lens Third order Fresnel lens
Current lens Third order Fresnel lens
Intensity 35,000 candela
Range 18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi)
Characteristic Flashing(2) White 15s
Fog signal HORN: 2 every 30s
Admiralty number H4162
ARLHS number USA-880
USCG number 1-1040[1][2][3]
West Quoddy Head Light Station
Nearest city Lubec, Maine
Built 1808
Governing body United States Coast Guard
NRHP Reference # 80004601[4]
Added to NRHP July 4, 1980

West Quoddy Head in Lubec, Maine, is the easternmost point of the contiguous United States and the closest point to Europe from a point in the fifty States. West Quoddy Head overlooks Quoddy Narrows, a strait between Canada and the United States. Since 1808, there has been a lighthouse there to guide ships through the waterway. The current one, with distinctive red-and-white stripes, was built in 1858. Photographs and paintings of this lighthouse are frequently reproduced. The 3rd order Fresnel lens is the only 3rd order and one of only eight Fresnel lenses still in use on the Maine Coast.[5]

West Quoddy Head Light was added to the National Register of Historic Places as West Quoddy Head Light Station on July 4, 1980, reference number 80004601.[4]

In 1990, the U.S. Postal Service issued a 25 cent stamp featuring the West Quoddy Head Light.[6]

History

A lighthouse at West Passamaquoddy Head, Maine, was authorized by Congress in 1806. The light station was finished on April 21, 1808, at a cost of $5,000. In 1820, Congress authorized the first fog signal at the station, a 500-pound (230 kg) bell, for a cost of $1,000. The current tower was built in 1858.[1]

Keepers

  • The first keeper was Thomas Dexter.
  • 1939: Howard Grey was the last civilian keeper of the station prior to its transfer to the U.S. Coast Guard.
  • 1962: As of Aug. 15, 1962, BM1 Bruce Keene was OIC, or Officer-in-Charge (dates of the time he began and ended his tour are not known— he served at least through September 1964.) According to documents in the West Quoddy file, his father, LT Thomas Keene, had previously served as the head keeper of the light station.
  • 1963: As of Oct. 27, Keene was still OIC and (Engineman?) Richard Copeland was his assistant.
  • 1978: Through May 31 the OIC was BM1 Cliffton Scholfield. He had a crew of two assistants: MT2 Carl Hatch and MT# Davis Blanding.
  • 1978: On June 1, BM2 George Eaton took over as the OIC of the station. He had two assistants.
  • 1979: MK3 Carl Hatch was a member of the crew.
  • 1981: As of Sept. 14, the OIC was BM1 John Richardson.
  • 1988: The last OIC (keeper) was Malcolm Rouse, USCG.[1]

Gallery

References

External links

  • West Quoddy Head Lighthouse - West Quoddy Head Light Keepers Association
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.