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Washington's Aides-de-Camp

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Title: Washington's Aides-de-Camp  
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Subject: George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, Whiskey Rebellion, Federalist Era, John Adams (miniseries)
Collection: American Soldiers, George Washington
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Washington's Aides-de-Camp

Thirty-three men served as General George Washington's aides-de-camp during the War for American Independence, according to "the authoritative list of Washington's aides and secretaries compiled by Worthington Chauncy Ford in 1906. He was the chief of the Manuscripts Division of the Library of Congress at the time."[1] Ford adds Martha Washington to the list to acknowledge that she worked at Washington's headquarters office.

General Washington said about recruiting such men,[2]

They ought to be men of abilities...constantly calling for talents and abilities of the first rate: men who possess them ought to be taken wherever they can be found.

List of aides-de-camp

  • Col. Albert Pawling served as Gen. Washington's Aide-de-camp from 1778 to March of 1779. Acting under a mistaken impression, Major Pawling in 1779 sent in his resignation, which, however, he could not be induced to recall, even by the following letter from Washington:

"'Headquarters, Middlebrook, 2d March, 1779.

'Sir: In your letter of 25th ult., you seem to have misconceived the intention of Congress, upon which is founded your application for leave to resign.

'It is not their purpose to reduce Col. Malcolm's regiment. This will be incorporated with Col. Spencer's, and as you are the only major in the two regiments, of course you will be continued.

'After considering the just claims which the country has on good officers, I am persuaded you will suspend your application.

'I am, sir, 'Your must humble serv't, 'Geo: Washington

'To Major Albert Pawling.'"

Years later Col. Pawling became a founder and father to the City of Troy, New York. He served three terms as village president, and was appointed first mayor of the city.


  1. ^ Lefkowitz, p. 15
  2. ^ Jon C. Fitzpatrick, ed. (1931-44). The Writings of George Washington, U.S. Government Printing Office. 10:378.
  3. ^ Lefkowitz, p. 256
  4. ^ From a 28 June 1931 Syracuse Newspaper Story About DAR Marking Graves of 595 Revolutionary War Soldiers Buried in Onondaga County. “Marking of Revolutionary War Graves By D.A.R. Signals Start of Campaign to Identify 595 in Onondaga County.”
  5. ^ Lefkowitz, p. 56
  6. ^ Lefkowitz, p. 262
  7. ^ Lefkowitz, p. 54


  • Lefkowitz, Arthur S.(2003). George Washington's Indispensable Men: The 32 Aides-de-Camp Who Helped Win the Revolution, Stackpole Books.
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