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Vijayanandsuri

 

Vijayanandsuri

Acharya Vijayanand Suri
Name (official) Acharya Vijayanand Suri
Personal Information
Born (1837-04-06)April 6, 1837
Lehara, Punjab
Died May 20, 1896(1896-05-20) (aged 59)
Gujranwala, Punjab
Initiation
New name given Ānandavijaya (earlier Sant Atmaram)
Initiated by Muni Buddhivijay
Initiated at Ahmedabad
Initiated on 1876
After Initiation
Rank Acharya
Works Tattva-darshan, Agyana Timira Bhaskara, and Tattva Nirnaya Prāsād

Acharya Vijayanand Suri (1837–1896) also known as Atmaramji of Gujranwala was the first Swetambar Murtipujaka Jain monk in modern times to receive the title of Acharya.[1][2] He was given the title of Navyug Nirmata (Builder of a new era) by his disciple Vallabhsuri.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Ascetic life and legacy 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life

Vijayanandsuri
Vijayanandsuri with his disciples in Ajmer in VS 1946

He was born on 6 April 1837 CE in Lehara, Punjab. He was born in a Hindu family. His father was an army official of Ranjit Singh. During his time, there was a public dispute between the two groups of Śvētāmbara Jainism, Sthānakavāsī and Murtipujaka. A couple of influential Sthanakavasi monks initiated him in 1853.[3][2]

Ascetic life and legacy

Memorial shrine in Gujranwala
Modern Wall Painting, sign "Thana Sabzi Mandi, Guzaranwala". It is now a police station.)
He was initiated at the age of sixteen and was given the name of Atmaramji. Jivanram, his teacher, was an uneducated person. Atmaram began the study of Jain scriptures along with his fellow ascetics. He was later joined by a Yati of Tapa Gaccha lineage. After several years of study, he was convinced that the Sthanakavasi position of opposition of Idol-worshiping contradicted the scriptures.[2] Later in 1876, he was initiated again as a Murtipujaka monk in Ahmedabad by Muni Buddhivijay, also known as Buterayji, of Tapa Gaccha. He was given new name, Anandvijayji. In 1886, he was conferred the title of Acharya. This was a notable event because since four centuries, there wasn't an ascetic who was conferred with the title of Acharya. He was the first Acharya of contemporary Jain history as till then only Yatis were conferred with the title.[3] In 1893 he was invited to participate in the first ever World religions Parliament at Chicago and since Jain monks do not travel overseas he sent Virchand Gandhi to United States to participate in the World Parliament of Religions. He won silver medal in 1893 at Chicago and was covered by many USA periodicals.[4] He used to give more importance to education. Later Vallabhsuri, his disciple successfully built many schools, hospitals and educational institutes. He died in Gujranwala (now in Pakistan) on 20 May 1896.[3] A memorial shrine dedicated to him was built there.

His monkhood lineage has large number of monks and nuns. Major streams are - Atma-Vallabh Samuday, an ascetic grouping, Prem -Ramchandra Suri and Prem-Bhuvanbhanu Suri Samuday.

See also

References

  1. ^ Mangilal Bhutoria, Itihas ki Amar Bel- Oswal, Priyadarshi Prakashan, Calcutta, 1988
  2. ^ a b c
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^ Jainism: The World of Conquerors By Natubhai Shah, 1998 Sussex Academic Press

External links

  • Biographical article of 1935 on Atmaram
  • Invitation of 1893, World religion Parliament to Acharya Vijayanandsuri/Muni Atmaram
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