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Title: Uttarpara  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Raja Peary Mohan College, Konnagar, Hindustan Ambassador, Sabarna Roy Choudhury, Neighbourhoods in Kolkata
Collection: Cities and Towns in Hooghly District, Kolkata Metropolitan Area
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Uttarpara is located in West Bengal
Location in West Bengal, India
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
 • Body Municipality
 • Municipality Chairperson Dilip Yadav [1]
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 712258
Lok Sabha constituency Serampore
Vidhan Sabha constituency Uttarpara

Uttarpara is a town of Hooghly District, West Bengal, India. It is a part of the area covered by Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality.[2]

It is a town of historical importance. Uttarpara is home to some of the biggest industrial setups in the state. It has the United Spirits Distilliery, Shalimar Wire Products, Hindustan Motors which was the only vehicle plant in West Bengal which manufactured the car Ambassador.

Uttarpara Kotrung is the municipality. Uttarpara Kotrung Municipality was established in 1853,[3] much before the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (1876).


  • Geography 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Economy 3
    • Hindustan Motors 3.1
  • Transportation 4
  • Culture 5
  • Education 6
  • Notable people 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


Uttarpara is located at , within 10 km from Kolkata, the capital of the state of West Bengal. It has an average elevation of 15 metres (52 feet). Located at the south-eastern tip of the Hooghly District, on the banks of the river Ganges, it is just across the Dakshineswar Kali Temple. There is a man-made canal name "Balli Khal" that clearly marks the boundary between Uttarpara and the adjoining Howrah District.


As of 2001 India census,[4] Uttarpara Kotrung had a population of 150,204. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Uttarpara Kotrung has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 76%. In Uttarpara Kotrung, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.


Hindustan Motors

Uttarpara is home to India's first car factory - Hindustan Motors.[5] Efforts are being made to revive the plant.[6][7]


Uttarpara is well connected by road and rail. There is a railway station at Uttarpara that connects Uttarpara with Howrah via the main line axis which connects the metropolis of Kolkata with the rest of India. At Bally, just a kilometre off, three major railway lines converge. The historically famed and the nation's prime road artery, the Grand Trunk Road passes through Uttarpara. Central Kolkata (Esplanade) is just 14 km away from Uttarpara.


Uttarpara Joykrishna Library Uttarparajkl.gif.

Uttarpara boasts of a rich cultural heritage. Philanthropic zamindar of Bengal, Sri Joy Krishna Mookherjee, who was related to the family of founder Ratneshwar through marriage, contributed towards establishment of library, a public hospital and a school. The town once boasted of sylvan peace, beautiful buildings, epitome of great architectural works and steeped in cultural heritage. But, that is fast giving way to flats and modern apartment buildings to accommodate the ever increasing populace. Bengali poet Michael Madhusudan Dutt spent his last days in Uttarpara Joykrishna Library.[8]

In 1909, Aurobindo Ghosh gave his last political speech before leaving for Pondicherry to embrace monkhood. This speech, known as 'Uttarpara Speech',[9] is a valuable work for understanding Hinduism and Sanatan dharma by Sri Aurobindo.


Notable people

See also


  1. ^ The Telegraph 19 June 2005
  2. ^ "Base Map of Kolkata metropolitan area". Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority. Retrieved 2007-09-03. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ Hindustan Motors website
  6. ^ The Statesman 25 August 2006.
  7. ^ The Statesman 26 August 2006
  8. ^ Uttarpara Joykrishna Library
  9. ^ A page from

External links

  • Website of Uttarpara Municipality
  • Website of Uttarpara
  • Uttarpara Govt. High School
  • Website of Raja Peary Mohan College (Uttarpara College)
  • Website of Uttarpara Amarendra Vidyapith(Boys)
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