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Urotriorchis

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Urotriorchis

Long-tailed Hawk
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Falconiformes
(or Accipitriformes, q.v.)
Family: Accipitridae
Genus: Urotriorchis
Sharpe, 1874
Species: U. macrourus
Binomial name
Urotriorchis macrourus
(Hartlaub, 1855)

The Long-tailed Hawk (Urotriorchis macrourus) is a bird of prey in the family Accipitridae, which also includes many other diurnal raptors such as kites, eagles and harriers. It is the only member of the genus Urotriorchis.[2]

This hawk inhabits the tropical rainforests of western and central Africa. It has a wingspan of 81–90 centimetres (32–35 in) and a total length of 56–65 centimetres (22–26 in), including the tail of 30–37 centimetres (12–15 in).[2] Females are about 15% larger than males.[2] Since the tail comprises about 56% of this raptor's total length, this species ties with the Cinereous Harrier as the raptor with the longest tail relative to its body size.[2]

The Long-tailed Hawk primarily eats squirrels and small birds; it can also hunt chickens in the villages close to the forest. It kills prey by breaking the neck.

The mating season occurs in July and August, when the pair build a nest on a high tree. Little is known regarding nesting and breeding the young.

Etymology

"Uro-" is from the Greek "tail",[3] and "triorchis" meant a kind of hawk thought to have three testicles—for further details see Eutriorchis. "Macro-" is from the Greek for "long",[3] so macrourus means "long-tailed", as in the English name.

References

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