World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Urocitellus

Article Id: WHEBN0031846276
Reproduction Date:

Title: Urocitellus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Piute ground squirrel, Townsend's ground squirrel, Wyoming ground squirrel, Columbian ground squirrel, Silene stenophylla
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Urocitellus

Urocitellus
Richardson's ground squirrel in Manitoba
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Sciuridae
Subfamily: Xerinae
Tribe: Marmotini
Genus: Urocitellus
Obolenskij, 1927
Species

See text.

Urocitellus is a genus of ground squirrels. They were previously believed to belong to the much larger genus Spermophilus, but DNA sequencing of the cytochrome b gene showed that this group was paraphyletic to the prairie dogs and marmots,[1] and could therefore no longer be retained as a single genus. As a result, Urocitellus is now considered as a genus in its own right.[2]

All but two species are native to the northern and western parts of North America, from California and Minnesota through the north-western United States and western Canada; one species inhabits Arctic terrain on both sides of the Bering Strait, while the other is exclusively found in Asia. The name of the genus comes from the Latin words for "tail" (uro) and "ground squirrel" (citellus).[2]

Species

Twelve species are currently identified:

Genus Urocitellus

References

  1. ^ Herron, Matthew D.; Castoe, Todd A.; Parkinson, Christopher L. (2004). "Sciurid phylogeny and the paraphyly of Holarctic ground squirrels (Spermophilus)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31 (3): 1015–30.  
  2. ^ a b Helgen, Kristofer M.; Cole, F. Russel; Helgen, Lauren E.; and Wilson, Don E (2009). "Spermophilus"Generic Revision in the Holarctic Ground Squirrel Genus . Journal of Mammalogy 90 (2): 270–305.  


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.