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Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

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Title: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro  
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Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

Federal University of Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ
Motto A Universidade do Brasil
Motto in English The University of Brazil
Established September 7, 1920 [1] (Medical School dates from 1808 - the second oldest medical school in Brazil) (Military and Engineering School dates from 1792)
Type Public university system, Federal
Endowment R$ 2 442 788 438,00 (Treasure Union in 2012)[2]
Chancellor Carlos Antônio Levi da Conceição
Vice-Chancellor Antônio José Ledo Alves da Cunha
Admin. staff 9 264 (2011)
Students 55 887 (2011)
Location Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
Campus 3 campuses: (Ilha do Fundão, Praia Vermelha and IFCS; 2 independent buildings (Law and Music)
Colors Blue     
Mascot Minerva
Website www.ufrj.br



The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro [3] or University of Brazil [4] (Portuguese: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ or Universidade do Brasil) is a public university in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. UFRJ is the largest federal university in country [5] and is in one of the Brazilian centers of excellence in teaching and research. In terms of scientific, artistic and cultural productions, is recognized nationally and internationally by the great teachers and researchers and reviews and assessments made by international agencies.[6] In the 2013 QS World University Rankings ranked the UFRJ as the best Brazilian federal university, as well as the third best university in the country, having occupied the eighth position among institutions of Latin America.[7][8][9] And in 2013 the Ranking Universitário Folha (RUF) ranked UFRJ as the 2nd best university in Brazil and the best Federal University of the country.[10]

Currently about 157 undergraduate and 580 graduate, has seven museums, notably the National Museum, nine hospitals, hundreds of laboratories and 43 libraries. (2011)

The UFRJ is one of the main culprits in the formation of the Brazilian intellectual elite, having contributed significantly to build not only the history of Rio de Janeiro but also of Brazil. Some of its former students include renowned economists Carlos Lessa and Mario Henrique Simonsen; Minister Marco Aurélio Mello; the architect Oscar Niemeyer; the educator Anísio Teixeira; the engineer Benjamin Constant Botelho; writers Clarice Lispector, Jorge Amado and Vinicius de Moraes; politicians Francisco Pereira Passos, Osvaldo Aranha and Pedro Calmon, besides the great physicians Carlos Chagas, Oswaldo Cruz and Vital Brazil.

History

It was founded on September 7, 1920, by President Epitácio Pessoa,[1] upon gathering a number of independent public institutions of higher education in the city. By then, Rio was the Brazilian capital and the federal government sought to stimulate scientific production in the nation's booming economy. Some of the colleges and schools which form UFRJ date back to the United Kingdom of Portugal and Brazil and to the Brazilian Empire, such as the Escola Politécnica (Polytechnic School - founded in 1792), Faculdade Nacional de Direito (National Law School - founded in 1882 and reestablished in 1891), Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (National School of Fine Arts) and the Faculdade de Medicina (Medicine School).

The university was named Universidade do Rio de Janeiro. It was later renamed Universidade do Brasil, on July 5, 1937. On December 17, 1945, the university achieved the status of full autonomy under the Brazilian Ministry of Education. In 1965 it was renamed as Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, according to the federal university system devised by the military government of Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco. In 2000, the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro requested to retain its former title of Universidade do Brasil, on the grounds of the imposition of the current name by the military dictatorship during the 1960s. The request was granted and today the university may be called either name.[4]

On the occasion of its foundation in 1920, the University was formed by joining three independent higher learning schools:

  • Faculdade de Medicina (College of Medicine, the former Academia de Medicina e Cirurgia, which was created in 1808 by a decree of King D. João VI)
  • Escola Politécnica (Polytechnic School, considered the oldest engineering school in America [11])
  • Faculdade Nacional de Direito (National College of Law)

Other units were incorporated, such as the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (National School of Fine Arts) and the Faculdade Nacional de Filosofia (National Faculty of Philosophy).

A beautiful set of buildings of neoclassical design - originally constructed to be a sanatorium - was used for the new university, located at Avenida Pasteur, in the Urca district of the city, near the Praia Vermelha. During the 20th century, due to the university's expansion, an entire set of islands (nowadays merged as one sole island - the Fundão Island) on Guanabara Bay was set apart for the construction of buildings which today host the university's administration and several of its colleges and research centers. Fundão is nowadays its main campus and many Brazilians refer to UFRJ simply as "Fundão".

UFRJ is ranked as one of the best universities in Brazil.

Undergraduate courses (Graduação)

Center of Health Sciences

  • Biology
  • Biomedicine
  • Biophysics
  • Biotechnology
  • Dentistry
  • Gastronomy
  • Logopedics
  • Medical Physics
  • Medicine
  • Microbiology & Immunology
  • Nursing & Obstetrics
  • Nutrition
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Pharmacy
  • Physical Education
  • Physical Therapy
  • Public Health

Center of Technology

  • Bioprocedural Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Computer & Information Engineering
  • Eletronic & Computer Engineering
  • Control Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Food Engineering
  • Materials Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metallurgical Engineering
  • Nanotechnology
  • Naval Architecture
  • Nuclear Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering
  • Production Engineering

Center of Natural & Mathematical Sciences

  • Applied Mathematics
  • Astronomy
  • Chemistry
  • Chemistry with Technological Attributions
  • Computer Science
  • Geology
  • Industrial Chemistry
  • Mathematical Geoscience
  • Mathematics
  • Meteorology
  • Physics

Center of Legal & Economical Sciences

  • Accountancy
  • Actuarial Science
  • Economics
  • Law
  • Library Science and Management of Information Units
  • Management
  • Public Administration
  • Statistics
  • Urban and Regional Planning Research Institute (Instituto de Pesquisa e Planejamento Urbano e Regional - IPPUR)

Center of Philosophy & Humanities

  • Communication Studies
  • Defense & International Strategy
  • Geography
  • History
  • International Relations
  • Pedagogy
  • Philosophy
  • Psychology
  • Social Sciences
  • Social Work

Center of Languages & Arts

  • Architecture & Urbanism
  • Art Conservation & Restoration
  • Art Education
  • Art History
  • Dance
  • Dance Theory
  • Design
  • Engraving
  • Gastronomy
  • Interior Design
  • Landscape Architecture
  • Language & Literature Studies (Arabic, English, French, German, Greek, Hebrew, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Portuguese, Russian or Spanish)
  • Music
  • Painting
  • Performing Arts
  • Sculpture
  • Visual Communication

Institutions

See also


References

External links

  • UFRJ Official website (Portuguese)

Coordinates: 22°51′45″S 43°13′26″W / 22.86250°S 43.22389°W / -22.86250; -43.22389

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