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United States third party and independent presidential candidates, 2012

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Title: United States third party and independent presidential candidates, 2012  
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United States third party and independent presidential candidates, 2012

United States third party and independent presidential candidates, 2012

This article contains lists of official third party and independent candidates associated with the 2012 United States presidential election.

"Third party" is a term commonly used in the United States to refer to political parties other than the two major parties, the Democratic Party and Republican Party. An independent candidate is one who runs for office with no formal party affiliation.

Those listed as candidates have done one or more of the following: formally announced they are candidates in the 2012 presidential election, filed as candidates with the Federal Election Commission (FEC), and/or received the presidential nomination of their respective party. They are listed alphabetically by surname within each section.

Contents

  • Ballot access to 270 or more electoral votes 1
    • Libertarian Party 1.1
      • Nominee 1.1.1
      • Ballot Access 1.1.2
      • Candidates 1.1.3
      • Declined to run 1.1.4
    • Green Party 1.2
      • Nominee 1.2.1
      • Ballot Access 1.2.2
      • Candidates 1.2.3
      • Declined to run 1.2.4
    • Americans Elect 1.3
      • Ballot Access 1.3.1
      • Candidates 1.3.2
      • Declined to run 1.3.3
    • Constitution Party 1.4
      • Nominee 1.4.1
      • Ballot Access 1.4.2
      • Candidates 1.4.3
      • Declined to run 1.4.4
    • Justice Party 1.5
      • Nominee 1.5.1
      • Ballot Access 1.5.2
  • Ballot access to fewer than 270, but more than 50 electoral votes 2
    • Party for Socialism and Liberation 2.1
      • Nominee 2.1.1
      • Ballot Access 2.1.2
    • American Independent Party 2.2
      • Nominee 2.2.1
      • Ballot Access 2.2.2
      • Candidates 2.2.3
    • Peace and Freedom Party 2.3
      • Nominee 2.3.1
      • Ballot Access 2.3.2
      • Candidates 2.3.3
    • Socialist Workers Party 2.4
      • Nominee 2.4.1
      • Ballot Access 2.4.2
    • Socialist Party USA 2.5
      • Nominee 2.5.1
      • Ballot Access 2.5.2
  • Ballot access to fewer than 50 electoral votes 3
    • America's Party 3.1
      • Nominee 3.1.1
      • Ballot Access 3.1.2
    • Objectivist Party 3.2
      • Nominee 3.2.1
      • Ballot Access 3.2.2
    • American Third Position Party 3.3
      • Nominee 3.3.1
      • Ballot Access 3.3.2
    • Reform Party USA 3.4
      • Nominee 3.4.1
      • Ballot Access 3.4.2
      • Candidates 3.4.3
    • Socialist Equality Party 3.5
      • Nominee 3.5.1
      • Ballot Access 3.5.2
    • Grassroots Party 3.6
      • Nominee 3.6.1
      • Ballot Access 3.6.2
    • Prohibition Party 3.7
      • Nominee 3.7.1
      • Ballot Access 3.7.2
      • Candidate 3.7.3
  • No ballot access 4
    • Boston Tea Party 4.1
      • Former Nominee 4.1.1
    • Freedom Socialist Party 4.2
      • Nominee 4.2.1
      • Ballot Access 4.2.2
    • Modern Whig Party 4.3
      • Nominee 4.3.1
      • Ballot Access 4.3.2
    • Independent 4.4
      • Ballot Access 4.4.1
      • Declined to run 4.4.2
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Ballot access to 270 or more electoral votes

Libertarian Party

Nominee

Gary Johnson
Former Governor of New Mexico

(Website)

Johnson declared his candidacy for the Libertarian Party nomination on December 28, 2011 at a press conference in Santa Fe, New Mexico.[1] The announcement followed his withdrawal from his previous candidacy for the Republican presidential nomination, which he had announced on April 21, 2011.[2] Johnson won the nomination at the May 5, 2012 convention in Las Vegas on the first ballot.[3] Judge James P. Gray of California was his running mate.

Ballot Access

Gold - States where Gary Johnson has ballot access. (515 Electoral)
Pale Yellow - States where Gary Johnson has write-in access. (16 Electoral)
Total - 531 Electoral

Candidates

R.J. Harris
Army Veteran, of Oklahoma

(Website)

Harris filed his candidacy for the Libertarian presidential nomination on August 24, 2011 to the FEC.[4] Harris received the endorsement of Ron Paul during his unsuccessful bid for the Republican nomination to US Congress District 4.[5] He withdrew his presidential candidacy in on April 11, 2012 and announced he would instead make a second run for the U.S. Congress.[6]
Carl Person
Attorney, of New York

(Website)

Person announced his candidacy for the Libertarian presidential nomination in June 2011.[7]
Sam Sloan
Chess player, publisher and writer from New York
Sloan announced his candidacy for the Libertarian presidential nomination in January 2012.[8][9]
R. Lee Wrights
Author and Libertarian National Committee Member, of Texas

(Website)

Wrights announced his candidacy for the Libertarian presidential nomination on April 16, 2011 at the Libertarian Party of North Carolina’s annual convention in Hickory, North Carolina.[10]

Declined to run

The following people were the focus of presidential speculation in past media reports, but ultimately decided to not run for the nomination of the Libertarian Party.

Green Party

Nominee

Jill Stein
Physician, of Massachusetts

(Website)

Stein formally announced her candidacy on October 24, 2011. She indicated that a key point of her campaign will be her proposal for a "Green New Deal", which aims to provide energy-based public jobs for the unemployed.[16] In May 2012, she became the party's presumptive nominee.[17] On July 14, 2012, she won the official nomination at the Green Party National Convention in Baltimore.[18][19] Stein's running mate was Cheri Honkala of Pennsylvania.[20]

Ballot Access

Green - States where Jill Stein has ballot access. (444 Electoral)
Light Green - States where Jill Stein has write-in access. (63 Electoral)
***16 Nov 2012 news: Montana filing deadline September28 was missed - Jill Stein was not on Secretary of State's list of valid candidates - her write-in votes were not counted in Montana***
Total - 507 Electoral

Candidates

Stewart Alexander
Activist and 2008 Socialist Party USA vice-presidential nominee, of California
Alexander announced in August 2010 that he would seek the 2012 presidential nomination of the Green Party. Alexander also announced that he would seek the 2012 presidential nomination of the Socialist Party USA.[21][22] He withdrew his candidacy for the Green Party nomination in July 2011.[23]
  • Socialist Party USA vice presidential nominee, 2008
Roseanne Barr
Comedian, of Hawaii

(Website)

Barr announced in August 2011 that she would run for President in 2012 as the nominee of a political party she intends to create, called the "Green Tea Party."[24] On January 25, 2012, she filed a declaration with the FEC.[25] Barr has submitted paperwork to the Green Party for her candidacy, and stated on February 2, 2012 that she is a longtime supporter of the Green Party.[26] After losing the Green Party nomination to Stein, Barr continued her campaign, winning the nomination of the Peace and Freedom Party.[27]
Kent Mesplay
Activist and air quality inspector, of California

(Website)

Mesplay announced during an interview with Wikinews on June 29, 2008, that he was in the planning stages for a 2012 presidential campaign.[28] On May 24, 2011, he filed with the FEC as an official candidate for the Green Party nomination.[29]

Declined to run

The following people were the focus of presidential speculation in past media reports, but ultimately decided to not run for the nomination of the Green Party.

Americans Elect

  • No nominee

External links

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References

See also

The following people were the focus of presidential speculation in past media reports, but ultimately decided not to run as independent candidates.

Declined to run

Randall Terry
Pro-life activist of West Virginia

(Website)

Randall Terry announced his general election campaign for president in May 2012. He had previously run in the Democratic Presidential Primaries.[106]
Randy Blythe
Vocalist and songwriter, of metal band Lamb of God from Virginia
Blythe announced his candidacy for president in January 2012.[107][108]
Robert Burck
Street performer, of New York
Burck, better known as the Naked Cowboy, initially announced his intentions to run for President on September 29, 2010,[109] before formally declaring his candidacy at a press conference in New York City's Times Square on October 6, 2010.[110][111][112] Burck proclaimed “I am not a Republican, I am not a Democrat, I am an American .....it is my goal and intention to lead the Tea Party to the office of the presidency.”[113]

In October 2012, Burck - having attained no ballot or write-in access in any state - endorsed Mitt Romney for President.[114]

Terry Jones
senior pastor of Dove World Outreach Center in Gainesville, Florida (Website)
Jones announced October 27, 2011 that he was running for President.[115][116] He filed with the FEC on the same day, and listed "NPA" for his party affiliation.[117]
Joe Schriner
Journalist, author, and perennial presidential candidate, of Ohio

(Website)

The day after the 2008 presidential election, Schriner recorded a podcast declaring his candidacy for the 2012 presidential election, stating that it would be his final campaign.[118][119] This is Schriner's fourth consecutive bid for the presidency.
  • The following are the additional candidates who qualified for either ballot status (bolded) or as a formally recognized write-in candidate (italics):
    • Richard Duncan (Independent) - Alaska, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Montana, Ohio, West Virginia
    • Samm Tittle (We The People) - Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Montana, Utah, West Virginia
    • Jill Reed (Twelve Visions) - Arizona, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana Maine, Maryland, Ohio, Utah
    • Dennis Knill (Independent Democratic) - Arizona, Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Montana, Utah, West Virginia
    • Ron Paul (R) Note: Draft Effort - California, Maine
    • Paul Chehade (Independent) - Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, West Virginia
    • Avery Ayers (Independent) - Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Texas
    • Nelson Keyton (Independent) - Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Ohio, Utah, West Virginia
    • Erin Kent Magee (Independent Republican) - Alaska, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Montana, Utah, West Virginia
    • Barbara Ann Prokopich (Independent Republican) - Alaska, Idaho, Illinois, Kentucky, Maryland, Montana, West Virginia
    • Thaddeaus Hill (Madisonian-Federalist)- Texas
    • Will Christensen (American Independent Party) - Arizona, Delaware, Idaho, Kansas, Maryland, Montana, Oregon, Utah
    • Cecil James Roth (Pro Se Party) - Idaho, Illinois, Maryland, West Virginia
    • Randall Terry (Independent) - Colorado, Indiana, Kentucky, Nebraska, Ohio, West Virginia
    • David C Bryne (Independent) - Alaska, Florida, Georgia
    • Dean Morstad (Constitutional Govt.) - Alaska, Delaware, Idaho, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, Utah, West Virginia
    • Andrew Charles Coniglio (Independent) - Florida
    • Beverley Simmons-Miller (Independent) - Illinois, West Virginia
    • Michael W Hawkins (Together Enhancing America) - Illinois
    • James T. Truck (Independent) - Illinois
    • Mary Anne Tomkins Segal (Independent) - Illinois
    • Roy Wayne Tyree (Independent) - Illinois
    • Darrell Hykes (Independent) - Delaware, Georgia, Idaho, Maryland, Montana, Utah, West Virginia
    • Rick Rogers (Independent) - Delaware, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, West Virginia
    • Michael Vargo (Independent) - Ohio
    • Susan E Daniels (Independent) - Ohio
    • Amitabh Ghosh (Independent) - Michigan
    • Daniel T Holloway (Independent) - Michigan
    • Katherine Houstan (Independent) - Michigan
    • Raymond T O'Donnell (Independent) - Michigan
    • John Dummett (Independent Republican) - Idaho, Indiana, West Virginia
    • Jeff Boss (NSA Did 9/11) - New Jersey
    • Gerald L Warner (Independent) - Alaska, Connecticut, Idaho, Kansas, Montana
    • Tracey Elaine Blair (Independent) - Indiana
    • Terry Jones (Independent) - Indiana
    • Platt Robertson (Independent) - Delaware, Idaho, Montana, Ohio, West Virginia
    • Michael A Simoneaux, Jr (Independent) - Indiana, Maryland, Montana
    • Ted Brown, Sr (Independent) - Idaho, Maryland
    • Michael Boyles (Independent) - Maryland
    • Tiffany Briscoe (Independent Democrat) - Maryland
    • Fred Dickson Jr. (Independent) - Maryland
    • Rob Dietz (Independent) - Maryland
    • Matthew Lydick (Independent Republican) - Maryland
    • Dwight French (Independent) - Maryland
    • Bruce Mlynski (Independent) - Maryland
    • Deonia P Neveu (Independent Democratic) - Maryland
    • Gerald Warner (Independent) - Alaska, Connecticut
    • Kevin M Thorne (Independent) - Alaska, Idaho, Kansas, Maryland
    • David Michael Crosby (Independent) - Alaska, Maryland, West Virginia
    • Louise Todd House (Independent) - Kentucky
    • Keith Russell Judd (Independent) - Idaho, Kentucky
    • Jerry Carroll (Independent) - Montana, West Virginia
    • Joe Schriner (Independent) - Montana, West Virginia
    • Raymond Sizemore (Independent) - Connecticut
    • Barbara Dale Washer (Mississippi Reform) - Mississippi
    • Chuck Baldwin (Kansas Reform) Note: Draft Effort - Kansas
    • Kent W Bush (Independent) - Kansas
    • Jerry Litzel (Independent) - Iowa
    • Justin Myers (Independent) - Utah
    • Robert Brown (Independent) - West Virginia
    • Cam Ray Lemley (Independent) - West Virginia
    • Dennis Andrew Ball (Independent) - Idaho, Montana
    • Joan Breivogel (Independent) - Idaho
    • Bonnie Lynn Davis Grace (Independent) - Montana
    • Ronald C Hobbs (Independent) - Idaho
    • Val Kittington (Independent) - Montana
    • Leah Lax (Independent) - Montana
    • David Librace (Independent) - Idaho
    • Kip Lee (Independent) - Idaho, Montana
    • Alex Logston (Independent) - Montana
    • Reverend Merepeace-Msmere (Independent) - Idaho
    • Charles Frederick Tolbert (Citizens for a Better America) - Idaho
    • Chance White (Independent) - Idaho
    • John Wolfe, Jr. (Independent Democratic) - Idaho
Alabama, Iowa, Oregon, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wyoming are not listed below unless the candidate has been directly placed on the ballot.
Yellow - States where Independent candidates have Ballot or Write-In access.
States with every candidate has instant Write-In access.

Ballot Access

Independent

Yellow - States where O'Hara has Write-In access.

Ballot Access

T.J. O'Hara
Turnaround expert and strategic consultant from California

(Website)

O'Hara was endorsed by the Modern Whig Party on August 16, 2012.[105] He becomes the first presidential candidate endorsed by the Modern Whig Party.

Nominee

Modern Whig Party

Pink - States where Durham has Write-In access. (90 Confirmed Electors)
Total - 90 Electoral

Ballot Access

Stephen Durham
Socialist feminist activist, of New York

(Website)

Stephen Durham campaign portrait The Freedom Socialist Party's [76][75]

Nominee

Freedom Socialist Party

Jim Duensing
Political activist and attorney, of Nevada

(Website

Duensing was nominated by the BTP in a special nomination convention held online in March–April 2012.[103][104] Duensing's running mate was Kimberly Barrick of Arizona.

Former Nominee

  • No nominee - the Boston Tea Party dissolved itself on July 22, 2012, citing decline in membership activity.

Boston Tea Party

No ballot access

James Hedges
Former Thompson Township Tax Assessor of Pennsylvania
Hedges announced in February 2010 that he would seek the 2012 presidential nomination of the Prohibition Party.[101][102] He was defeated for the nomination by Jack Fellure at the Party's National Convention in June 2011.[100]

Candidate

Brown - States where Fellure has ballot access. (8 Electoral)
Light Brown - States where Fellure has Write-In access
Total - 8 Electoral

Ballot Access

Jack Fellure
Perennial candidate, of West Virginia
Fellure filed with the FEC as a Republican Party presidential nominee on November 5, 2008.[99] At the Prohibition Party National Convention on June 22, 2011, he received the party's presidential nomination.[100] Toby Davis of Mississippi is Fellure's running mate.

Nominee

Prohibition Party

Olive - States where Carlson has ballot access. (10 Electoral)
Light Brown - States where Carlson has Write-In access.
Total - 10 Electoral

Ballot Access

Jim Carlson
Businessman from Minnesota
Carlson received the nomination of the Grassroots Party in June 2012. His running mate is George McMahon of Iowa.[97][98]

Nominee

Grassroots Party

Maroon - States where White has ballot access. (27 Electoral)
Red - States where White has Write-In access. (80 Confirmed)
Total - 107 Electoral

Ballot Access

Jerry White
Journalist and 1996 and 2008 Socialist Equality Party presidential nominee, of Michigan

(Website)

White was announced as the Socialist Equality Party candidate in February 2012.[95][96]

Nominee

Socialist Equality Party

Darcy Richardson
Historian, of Florida (Website)
Richardson challenged President Obama in five 2012 Democratic Party presidential primaries, accumulating 41,386 votes. He announced his intentions to seek the Reform Party presidential nomination on June 15, 2012 following the withdrawal of Roemer.[87][88]
Laurence Kotlikoff
Economist, of Massachusetts

(Website)

In May 2012, Kotlikoff announced he would seek the nomination of the Reform Party in addition to Americans Elect.[89] After Americans Elect decided to not field a 2012 presidential later that month, he ended his campaign as a whole.[46]
Buddy Roemer
Former Governor of Louisiana

(Website)

Roemer withdrew from the Republican Party race on February 23, 2012, and announced he would seek the nomination of the Reform Party along with Americans Elect.[90] Roemer withdrew from the race in May 31, 2012.[91]
Robert David Steele
Open-source intelligence advocate, of Virginia

(Website)

Steele filed with the FEC to run as a Reform Party presidential candidate on December 16, 2011.[92][93] He withdrew from the race on February 23.[94]
Robby Wells
Former Savannah State University football coach, of North Carolina

(Website)

Wells announced his candidacy on November 21, 2011.[58][59] He later decided to seek the Reform Party's presidential nomination,[60] then switched to the Constitution Party.[61]

Candidates

Dark Green - States where Barnett has ballot access. (29 Electoral)
Light Green - States where Barnett has Write-In access (38 Confirmed)
Total - 67 Electoral

Ballot Access

Andre Barnett
Businessman and fitness model, of New York

(Website)

Barnett announced his candidacy on May 6, 2011.[84][85] He was nominated by the Reform Party on August 12, 2012 at the party's nominating convention in Philadelphia.[86] His running mate is Kenneth Cross of Arkansas.

Nominee

Reform Party USA

Yellow - States where Miller has ballot access. (34 Electoral)
Orange - States where Miller has Write-In access. (29 Electoral)
Total - 63 Electoral

Ballot Access

Merlin Miller
Independent filmmaker from Tennessee

(Website)

Miller won the nomination of the American Third Position Party on January 12, 2012. Retired professor Virginia Abernethy was selected as his running mate.[83]

Nominee

American Third Position Party

Light Green - States where Stevens has ballot access. (38 Electoral)
Green - States where Stevens has Write-In access.
Total - 38 Electoral

Ballot Access

Tom Stevens
Attorney and 2008 Objectivist Party presidential nominee, of New York
Stevens, the founder and chairman of the Objectivist Party, was unanimously selected as the party's nominee by its delegates at the party's National Convention in May 2010. He filed his candidacy with the FEC in June 2011.[81][82] Alden Link of New York is Stevens' running mate.

Nominee

Objectivist Party

*Note: Hoefling is also the nominee of the American Independent Party.
Light Turquoise - States where Hoefling has ballot access. (93 Electoral)
Dark Turquoise - States where Hoefling has Write-In access. (136 Confirmed)
Total - 229 Electoral

Ballot Access

Tom Hoefling
Political activist, of Iowa

(Website

Hoefling won the nomination of America's Party at its online nominating convention held on February 18, 2012. [69][80]

Nominee

America's Party

Ballot access to fewer than 50 electoral votes

Dark Red - States where Alexander has ballot access. (56 Electoral)
Red - States where Alexander has Write-In access. (109 Confirmed)
Total - 165 Electoral

Ballot Access

Stewart Alexander
Activist and 2008 Socialist Party USA vice-presidential nominee, of California

(Website)

Alexander announced in July 2010 that he would seek the 2012 presidential nomination of the Socialist Party USA (SPUSA).[21][22] In October 2011, he received the formal nomination of the SPUSA at the Party's National Convention in Los Angeles, California.[78][79]

Nominee

Socialist Party USA

Brown - States where Harris has ballot access. (59 Electoral)
Light Brown - States where Harris has Write-In access. (55 Confirmed)
Total - 114 Electoral

Ballot Access

James Harris
Activist from New York
Harris won the presidential nomination of the Socialist Workers Party in July 2012. His running mate is Maura DeLuca.[77]
  • Socialist Workers Party presidential nominee, 1996 and 2000

Nominee

Socialist Workers Party

Stewart Alexander
Activist and 2008 Socialist Party USA vice-presidential nominee, of California
Alexander announced in August 2010 that he would seek the 2012 presidential nomination of the Green Party. Alexander also announced that he would seek the 2012 presidential nomination of the Socialist Party USA.[21][22] He withdrew his candidacy for the Green Party nomination in July 2011, and said he would only seek the nominations of the Socialist USA and Peace and Freedom Parties.[23] He won the nomination of the Socialist USA Party, but finished third at the Peace and Freedom Party Convention with 12 votes on the first ballot and six on the second.[74]
  • Socialist Party USA vice presidential nominee, 2008
Rocky Anderson
Former Mayor of Salt Lake City, of Utah

(Website)

Anderson announced in November 2011 that he would run for president as the nominee of a newly formed political party, the Justice Party, of which he is a founding member.[63][64] After failing to secure ballot access for the party in California, Anderson decided to seek the Peace and Freedom Party nomination. He withdrew from the race a few days before the convention.[74]
Stephen Durham
Socialist feminist activist, of New York

(Website)

Stephen Durham campaign portrait Durham won the Freedom Socialist presidential nomination on January 31, 2012,[75][76] and then sought the Peace and Freedom Party nomination. He finished second at the convention, receiving 18 votes on the first ballot, and 16 on the second.[74]
Peta Lindsay
Anti-war activist from Pennsylvania
Lindsay received the nomination of the Party for Socialism and Liberation in November 2011.[65]

[66] She then decided to seek the nomination of the Peace and Freedom Party, but chose to withdraw just before the convention vote, giving her support to Barr.[74]

Candidates

Purple - States where Barr has ballot access. (93 Electoral)
Light Purple - States where Barr has Write-In access. (60 Confirmed)
Total - 153 Electoral

Ballot Access

Roseanne Barr
Comedienne, of Hawaii

(Website)

After losing the Green Party presidential nomination, Barr continued her campaign, seeking the nomination of the Peace and Freedom Party, which she won at the party's convention August 4, 2012 after two ballots, first with only 29 votes, then with a majority of 37. Anti-war activist Cindy Sheehan was selected as her running mate.[74]

Nominee

Peace and Freedom Party

Wiley Drake
Radio host and pastor, of California

(Website)

Drake filed with the FEC as a presidential candidate in March 2012.[70]
  • American Independent Party vice presidential nominee, 2008
Virgil Goode
Former U.S. Representative of Virginia

(Website)

Goode won the Constitution Party nomination at the party's National Convention on April 21.[51] In a May 2012 interview, Goode told the Independent Political Report that he would also seek the American Independent Party nomination.[71]
  • Virginia State Senate, 1973–1997
  • United States House of Representatives, 1997–2009
Edward C. Noonan
Activist, of California

(Website)

Noonan announced his candidacy in August 2011. He finished first in the California American Independent Party primary in June.[72]
  • American Independent Party chairman, 2006-2008
  • California gubernatorial candidate, 2006
  • U.S. Senate candidate, 2010
Laurie Roth
Radio talk show host, of Washington

(Website)

Roth announced her candidacy for the American Independent Party in November 2011.[54][55] She also ran for the nomination of the Constitution Party,[56][57] but lost at the convention. She withdrew from the American Independent Party race in July and endorsed Republican Mitt Romney.[73]

Candidates

Dark Turquoise - States where Hoefling has ballot access. (93 Electoral)
Light Turquoise - States where Hoefling has Write-In access. (136 Confirmed)
Total - 229 Electoral

Ballot Access

Tom Hoefling
Political activist, of Iowa

(Website

Hoefling won the nomination of the American Independent Party (AIP) at its nominating convention on August 11, 2012.[68] He is also the presidential nominee of [69] His running mate on the AIP ticket is Robert Ornelas of California.[68]

Nominee

American Independent Party

Light Red - States where Lindsay has ballot access. (146 Electoral)
Purple - States where Lindsay has Write-In access.
Total - 146 Electoral

Ballot Access

Peta Lindsay
Anti-war activist from Pennsylvania
Lindsay received the nomination of the Party for Socialism and Liberation in November 2011. Lindsay is 28 years of age as of 2012 and thus is constitutionally ineligible for the office.[65]

[66] Due to this, Gloria La Riva served as a stand in on the ballot in Colorado, Iowa, Utah and Wisconsin.[67]

Nominee

Party for Socialism and Liberation

Ballot access to fewer than 270, but more than 50 electoral votes

Blue - States where Anderson has ballot access. (145 Electoral)
Light Blue - States where Anderson has write-in access. (160 Confirmed Electors)
Total - 305 Electors

Ballot Access

Rocky Anderson
Former Mayor of Salt Lake City, of Utah

(Website)

Anderson announced in November 2011 that he will run for president as the nominee of a newly formed political party, the Justice Party, of which he is a founding member.[63][64]

Nominee

Justice Party

The following people were the focus of presidential speculation in past media reports, but ultimately decided to not run for the nomination of the Constitution Party.

Declined to run

Darrell Castle
Attorney from Tennessee
Castle nominated himself as a candidate for the Constitution Party's presidential nomination at the 2012 National Convention. He said that several party delegates convinced him to run.[52][53]
  • Constitution Party Vice presidential nominee, 2008
Laurie Roth
Radio talk show host, of Washington

(Website)

Roth announced her candidacy for the American Independent Party of California in November 2011.[54][55] She ran for the nomination of the Constitution Party as well.[56][57]
Robby Wells
Former Savannah State University football coach, of North Carolina

(Website)

Wells announced his candidacy on November 21, 2011.[58][59] He later decided to seek the Reform Party's presidential nomination,[60] then switched to the Constitution Party.[61]

Candidates

Purple - States where Virgil Goode has ballot access. (271 Electoral)
Light Purple - States where Virgil Goode has write-in access. (235 Confirmed Electors)
Total - 506 Electors

Ballot Access

Virgil Goode
Former U.S. Representative of Virginia

(Website)

Goode filed with the FEC as a presidential candidate on February 10, 2012.[48] He told The Daily Caller on February 16 that he would seek the Constitution Party presidential nomination.[49][50] He won the nomination at the National Convention on April 21, and selected outgoing party chairman Jim Clymer as his running mate.[51]
  • Virginia State Senate, 1973–1997
  • United States House of Representatives, 1997–2009

Nominee

Constitution Party

The following people were the focus of presidential speculation in past media reports, but ultimately decided to not run for the nomination of Americans Elect.

Declined to run

Buddy Roemer
Former Governor of Louisiana

(Website)

On December 1, 2011, still a Republican Party candidate, Roemer announced his candidacy for the presidential nomination of Americans Elect.[36][37] He officially left the Republican Party race in February 2012, and chose to seek the Reform Party presidential nomination in addition to Americans Elect.[38] After the decision to not field a candidate, Roemer suspended his campaign as a whole.[39] He attained an overall total of 6,293 supporters on the Americans Elect website.[40]
Rocky Anderson
Former Mayor of Salt Lake City, Utah

(Website)

On March 14, 2012, Anderson announced his candidacy for the presidential nomination of Americans Elect. He was the 2012 nominee of the Justice Party,[41][42] and continued his campaign after the board decision. He attained an overall total of 3,390 supporters on the Americans Elect website.[40]
Michealene Risley
Activist, of California

(Website)

In the summer of 2011, Risley mulled a presidential run. Learning about Americans Elect, she decided to seek the organization's presidential nomination.[43] After the board decided to not field a presidential candidate, Risley became involved in a movement to overturn the decision. She attained an overall total of 2,351 supporters on the Americans Elect website.[40]
Laurence Kotlikoff
Economist, of Massachusetts

(Website)

In early January 2012, Kotlikoff announced his intentions to seek the presidential nomination of Americans Elect.[44] He filed with the FEC on January 12.[45] In May 2012, he chose to also seek the Reform Party nomination, but ended his presidential campaign as a whole after Americans Elect decided to not field a candidate.[46] He attained an overall total of 2,027 supporters on the Americans Elect website.[40]

The following were the only four declared candidates to achieve more than 1,000 supporters for the presidential nomination of Americans Elect prior to the organization's announcement that it would not field a 2012 presidential candidate:

Candidates

Blue - States where A.E. had ballot access. (292 Electoral)
Light Blue - States where A.E. had submitted petitions. (41 Confirmed)
Total - 327 Electoral

Ballot Access

[35]

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