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United States Department of Commerce

United States Department of Commerce
Seal of the U.S. Department of Commerce
Flag of the U.S. Department of Commerce
Agency overview
Formed February 14, 1903 (1903-02-14)
Headquarters Herbert C. Hoover Building
1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, D.C., U.S.
Employees 43,880 (2011)[1]
Annual budget US$10.2 billion (2009)
US$14.2 billion (est. 2010)
US$9.3 billion (est. 2011)
US$8.6 billion (2014)[2]
Agency executive Penny Pritzker, Secretary
Website .gov.Commercewww

The United States Department of Commerce (DOC) is the Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with promoting economic growth. The mission of the department is to "promote job creation and improved living standards for all Americans by creating an infrastructure that promotes economic growth, technological competitiveness, and sustainable development". Among its tasks are gathering economic and demographic data for business and government decision-making, issuing patents and trademarks, and helping to set industrial standards. The Department of Commerce headquarters is the Herbert C. Hoover Building in Washington, D.C.


  • History 1
  • Reorganization proposals 2
  • Organization 3
    • Structure 3.1
    • Budget and finances 3.2
  • See also 4
  • Notes and references 5
  • External links 6


The department was originally created as the

  • Official website
  • Department of Commerce in the Federal Register
  • US Commercial Service
  • Department of Commerce Representation in the UK
  • United States Department of Commerce collected news and commentary at The Washington Post

External links

  1. ^ "Department of Commerce FY 2011 Budget in Brief". United States Department of Commerce Office of Budget. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b Steve Charnovitz, "Reinventing the Commerce Dept.," Journal of Commerce, July 12, 1995.
  4. ^ "United States Travel and Tourism Administration (1961-1996)". Department of Commerce Digitization Repository Project.  
  5. ^ "Milestones". United States Department of Commerce. July 20, 2010. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Uproot and Overhaul Washington: Eliminate and Restructure Wasteful Federal Agencies"., Inc. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b MacInnis, Laura (January 13, 2012). "Obama wants export agency, closing of Commerce Department". Reuters. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  8. ^ Mervis, Jeffrey (January 13, 2012). "What Would Wiping Out the Commerce Department Mean for Science?". ScienceInsider. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  9. ^ Schroeder, Peter (29 October 2012). "Obama floats plan for a 'secretary of Business' if he wins second term". The Hill. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  10. ^ Landler, Mark; Lowrey, Annie (14 January 2012). "Obama Bid to Cut the Government Tests Congress". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b Bartlett, Bruce (January 17, 2012). "The Pros and Cons of Obama’s Reorganization Plan". The New York Times. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  12. ^ Malakoff, David (January 13, 2012). "Rough Sailing for Plan to Move NOAA?". ScienceInsider. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved January 19, 2012. 
  13. ^ 2015 Department of Commerce Budget-in-Brief, United States Department of Commerce, Accessed 2015-07-16

Notes and references

See also

Program Funding (in millions)
Management and Finance
Departmental Management $73.2
Office of the Inspector General $35.5
Operating Divisions
Economic Development Administration $248.1
Census Bureau 1,240.0
Bureau of Economic Analysis $111.0
International Trade and Investment Administration $497.3
Bureau of Industry and Security $110.5
Minority Business Development Agency $28.3
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration $5,684.7
Patent and Trademark Office $3,439.5
National Institute of Standards and Technology $904.9
National Telecommunications and Information Administration $51
Mandatory Spending
Public Safety Broadband Network $2,275
TOTAL $14,565

The Department of Commerce was authorized a budget for Fiscal Year 2015 of $60.9 billion. The budget authorization is broken down as follows:[13]

Budget and finances



[12] The overall plan has also been criticized as an attempt to create an agency similar to Japan's powerful [11][7] The Obama administration plan faced criticism for some of its elements. Some Congress members expressed concern that the Office of the United States Trade Representative would lose focus if it were included in a larger bureaucracy, especially given its status as an "honest broker" between other agencies, which tend to advocate for specific points of view.

[10] On January 13, 2012, President Obama announced his intentions to ask the United States Congress for the power to close the department and replace it with a new cabinet-level agency focused on trade and exports. The new agency would include the

Proposals to reorganize the Department go back many decades.[3] The Department of Commerce was one of three departments that Texas governor Rick Perry advocated eliminating during his 2012 presidential campaign, along with the Department of Education and Department of Energy. Perry's campaign cited the frequency with which agencies had historically been moved into and out of the department and its lack of a coherent focus, and advocated moving its vital programs into other departments such as the Department of the Interior, Department of Labor, and Department of the Treasury. The Economic Development Administration would be completely eliminated.[6] The Department of Commerce was one of five departments that Texas Congressman Ron Paul supported eliminating during his 2012 presidential campaign, along with Department of Education, Department of Energy, Department of Interior, and Department of Housing and Urban Development.

Reorganization proposals

. Penny Pritzker The DOC is currently headed by Secretary [5] (NOAA) was created on October 3, 1970.National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration was created in 1965. In 1966, the Bureau of Public Roads was transferred to the newly created Department of Transportation. The Economic Development Administration The [4] of 1961 (75 Stat. 129; 22 U.S.C. 2121 note)International Travel Act on July 1, 1961 pursuant to the United States Secretary of Commerce was established by the United States Travel Service was created and the Civil Aeronautics Authority was abolished. The Federal Aviation Agency. In 1958, the independent Federal Works Agency was added to the department due to the dissolution of the Public Roads Administration was merged into the department. In 1949, the Civil Aeronautics Authority) was transferred from the Agriculture Department, and the National Weather Service existed within the department from 1931 to 1939. In 1940, the Weather Bureau (now the Federal Employment Stabilization Office was transferred from the Interior Department into Commerce, and the United States Patent and Trademark Office. The Department of Labor It was subsequently renamed the Department of Commerce on March 4, 1913, as the bureaus and agencies specializing in labor were transferred to the new [3]

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