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Union Station (Providence)

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Union Station (Providence)

Union Station
Location Providence, Rhode Island
Built 1898
Architect Stone, Carpenter & Willson
Governing body Private
Part of Downtown Providence Historic District (#84001967)
NRHP Reference # 75000003[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP February 20, 1975
Designated CP February 10, 1984

Union Station describes two distinct defunct train stations in Providence, Rhode Island.

The original Union Station was Providence's first, opening in 1847 to accommodate the needs of the newly thriving city. It was considered "a brilliant example of Romanesque architecture" in its time, and the longest building in America. As the city continued to grow, so too did the need for terminal space, ultimately resulting in the paving over of the remnants of the city's inland bay in 1890. The question of what to do with the now undersized station was spontaneously answered in February 1896 when the station suffered a catastrophic fire.

A much larger Union Station was opened in 1898, clad in distinctive yellow brick, which the Providence Journal heralded as "a new era of history of this city".[2] The station was designed by the firm of Stone, Carpenter & Willson, which had also designed other Providence buildings.[3] Though rail use was expected to grow, by the 1980s rail traffic had dropped 75 percent. City planners saw the opportunity to dismantle the "Chinese Wall" of train tracks that hemmed in Providence's central business district and moved MBTA and Amtrak service to a new, smaller station about a half mile north in 1986.[4]

Union Station caught fire in April 1987[5] amidst $11 million in renovations, forcing a change of plans. Parts of the original station have now been renovated and the building contains offices and restaurants, including the Union Station Brewery.

The center-most building of Union Station now houses the Rhode Island Foundation, who leases space to Rhode Island Public Radio, RI Kids Count, Women's Fund RI, and two restaurants: The Capital Grille and Bar Louie.

See also

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ Woodward, William McKenzie (2003). PPS/AIAri Guide to Providence Architecture. Providence, RI: Providence Preservation Society. pp. 303–304.  
  3. ^ RISD : Rhode Island School of Design : MUSEUM HISTORY
  4. ^ Woodward, William McKenzie (2003). PPS/AIAri Guide to Providence Architecture. Providence, RI: Providence Preservation Society. p. 13.  
  5. ^ Providence Journal Article

External links

  • "Union Station". Art In Ruins. 
  • "One Union Station History". The Rhode Island Foundation. 
  • Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. RI-388, "Providence Union Station, Exchange Terrace, Providence, Providence County, RI", 23 photos, 4 data pages, 1 photo caption page
  • Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. RI-23, "Promenade Street Interlocking Tower, Promenade Street between Union Station & East Side Tunnel Viaduct", 6 photos, 3 data pages, 1 photo caption page

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