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Uncle Henry (Oz)

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Uncle Henry (Oz)

Uncle Henry
Oz character
Uncle Henry with Dorothy and Aunt Em on the farm in Kansas.
illustration--by W.W. Denslow (1900)
First appearance The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900)
Created by L. Frank Baum
Portrayed by Charley Grapewin
Species Human
Gender Male
Occupation Farmer
Title Agricultural Adviser to Princess Ozma
Family Dorothy Gale (niece)
Spouse(s) Aunt Em
Children None
Relatives Uncle Bill Hugson (brother-in-law), unnamed sister-in-law, Zeb of Hugson's ranch (nephew), unnamed Australians
Nationality American

Uncle Henry is a fictional character from The Oz Books by L. Frank Baum.[1] Henry is first introduced in the beginning of Baum's classic children's novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900). He is the uncle of orphan Dorothy Gale and the husband of Aunt Em. Henry is a hardworking farmer and lives with his wife and niece on a small farm in the midst of the sun baked prairie of Kansas. He is portrayed to be a very simple minded and stern man who works hard to make an honest living to provide for his family

The Classic Oz Books

In the third Oz book Ozma of Oz (1907), it is revealed that Uncle Henry had to mortgaged his farm in order to rebuild a new farmhouse after the first one had been swept away by a cyclone in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. This crisis, combined with the stress of Dorothy's prolonged disappearance after the cyclone and sudden reappearance months later, took a toll on his overall health, and his doctor ordered him to take a long vacation. He took Dorothy with him on an ocean voyage to Australia, where he had relatives, while Aunt Em and Dorothy's pet dog Toto stayed behind to look after the new farm. During this trip, Dorothy was lost again when a big storm came and tossed the little ship violently over the waves. She accidentally fell off the ship and was casted away into the sea where she washed up on the shores of Ev, (another enchanted country that lies in a fairy-region and neighbors the Land of Oz). For several weeks a despondent Henry believed she had drowned, until Dorothy suddenly returned to him again after having many adventures.

In The Emerald City of Oz (1910), Henry and Em finally confessed to their little niece the troubling extent of their financial problems, and revealed to her that their farm was on the verge of foreclosure. Dorothy solved this problem for them by bringing them to live with her in the Emerald City, as permanent guests of the child Queen Princess Ozma of Oz. Henry was given the job of being Keeper of the Jewels in Ozma's treasure hoard for the purpose of keeping him occupied. Unlike Em, who is questioning everything about the world of Oz, Henry accepts his new life and home with surprising ease, having traveled and seen the world a lot more than his wife had.

By Glinda of Oz (1920), Henry has become one of Ozma's closest advisers, having taught his agricultural abilities to other Ozian farmers, getting them producing surplus for the Emerald City storehouses.

Henry has been featured slightly more than Em in the Oz book series, despite being less featured than she in the film, The Wizard of Oz (1939). Ruth Plumly Thompson gave him only two brief mentions, in The Royal Book of Oz and Grampa in Oz. He had somewhat larger roles in John R. Neill's The Wonder City of Oz and The Scalawagons of Oz, Jack Snow's The Magical Mimics in Oz, and Eric Shanower's The Giant Garden of Oz.

Other media

Frank Alexander portrayed him as a villain in Larry Semon's Wizard of Oz.

In MGM's musical adaptation The Wizard of Oz, Uncle Henry is played by Charley Grapewin. Hickory (Tin Man's alter ego) addresses Aunt Em as "Mrs. Gale" just before she offers crullers to the three farmhands, and Hunk (Scarecrow's alter ego) does so just afterward. The name "Gale" appears on the mailbox and Miss Almira Gulch (Wicked Witch's alter ego) addresses him as "Mr. Gale". (Baum, however, never gives Uncle Henry's surname in his books, nor indicates whether Henry or Em is Dorothy's blood relative. It is also possible that "Aunt" and "Uncle" are affectionate terms of a foster family and that Dorothy is not related to either of them.) In this film, Uncle Henry and Aunt Em are the only characters whose roles are limited to the Kansas sequence and do not make an appearance in the Oz sequence, but one of them is seen again in the crystal ball at the Wicked Witch's castle still looking for Dorothy. He and Aunt Em reunite with their three farmworkers, and Professor Marvel (Wizard's alter ego) when Dorothy awakens from being unconscious.

In the 1974 animated film Journey Back to Oz, Paul Ford voices Uncle Henry. He and Aunt Em have a farmworker named Amos (voiced by Larry Storch) who does not have an alter ego in Oz.

In the 1980 animated short film Dorothy in the Land of Oz, Uncle Henry is voiced by Charles Woolf.

In the 1985 film Return to Oz, Uncle Henry's wife Emily is called "Mrs. Blue," implying that his full name is Henry Blue. He is played by Matt Clark opposite Piper Laurie. He has a broken leg throughout the film that Aunt Em insists is mended.

In the comic book The Oz/Wonderland Chronicles, Henry Gale was born in 1852, but died in old age of a heart attack. He was buried in St. Ann's Cemetery in Kansas. Due to Oz residents never really dying in entirety, the "new" Witch in Oz had Henry in unconscious stasis, after his Earthly soul had died.

This character is totally absent in The Wizard of Oz in Concert: Dreams Come True which benefits the Children's Defense Fund.

In the American television program Lost, the character Benjamin Linus initially tells survivors his name is Henry Gale, and claims to have arrived on the island via hot air balloon. It is later revealed that the real Henry Gale was indeed a balloonist who died upon crashing on the island — just one of the many references to Baum's Oz novels on the show.

In the ABC telefilm The Muppets' Wizard of Oz, Henry was played by David Alan Grier and owned a diner rather than a farm.

In the VeggieTales episode The Wonderful Wizard of Ha's, Uncle Henry and his wife Aunt Em were substituted by a father (Dad Asparagus) to retell The Prodigal Son, a biblical parable from the Gospel.

Uncle Henry appears in Dorothy and the Witches of Oz played by Lance Henriksen. He posthumously reveals that his great-grandparents, Frank and Maud Baum, were the true parents of Dorothy Gale in a letter.

He was voiced by Stephen Root in the direct-to-video animated film Tom and Jerry and the Wizard of Oz.


  1. ^ Jack Snow, Who's Who in Oz, Chicago, Reilly & Lee, 1954; New York, Peter Bedrick Books, 1988; p. 227.
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