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Uma Bharti

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Title: Uma Bharti  
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Subject: Harish Rawat, Ram Janmabhoomi, Sunder Lal Patwa, Babulal Gaur, Demolition of the Babri Masjid
Collection: 10Th Lok Sabha Members, 11Th Lok Sabha Members, 12Th Lok Sabha Members, 13Th Lok Sabha Members, 16Th Lok Sabha Members, 1959 Births, 9Th Lok Sabha Members, Bharatiya Janata Party Politicians, Chief Ministers from Bharatiya Janata Party, Chief Ministers of Madhya Pradesh, Far-Right Politics in India, Hindu Nuns, Indian Women Chief Ministers, Living People, Lok Sabha Members from Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh Mlas 2003–08, Members of the Cabinet of India, People from Tikamgarh District, State Ministers of India with Independent Charge, Tourism Ministers of India, Uttar Pradesh Mlas 2012–, Vishva Hindu Parishad Members, Women in Madhya Pradesh Politics, Women in Uttar Pradesh Politics
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Uma Bharti

Uma Bharti
Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation
Assumed office
26 May 2014
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Preceded by None
Constituency Jhansi
Member of Parliament
Assumed office
16 May 2014
Constituency Jhansi,Uttar Pradesh
16th Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
In office
8 December 2003 – 22 August 2004
Preceded by Digvijaya Singh
Succeeded by Babulal Gaur
Constituency Malhara
Personal details
Born ( 1959-05-03) 3 May 1959
Tikamgarh, Madhya Pradesh, India
Nationality  Indian
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party
Other political
Bharatiya Janshakti Party
Spouse(s) Never married
Occupation Social, political activist
Religion Hinduism

Uma Bharti (born 3 May 1959) is an Indian politician and cabinet minister for water resources, river development and Ganga rejuvenation in the Union Government of India. Raised by Vijaya Raje Scindia of Gwalior, she became involved with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) at a very young age, unsuccessfully contesting her first Parliamentary elections in 1984. In 1989, she successfully contested the Khajuraho seat, and retained it in elections conducted in 1991, 1996 and 1998. In 1999, she switched constituencies and won the Bhopal seat. Bharati held various state-level and cabinet-level portfolios in the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Tourism, Youth Affairs & Sports, and Coal & Mines during the second as well as third ministry of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

She is occasionally addressed by the Hindu honorific Sādhvī, a respectful Sanskrit title for a female renunciant. [1]

Bharti was one of the most prominent leaders in the controversial Vishva Hindu Parishad. She was present at the demolition of the Babri Masjid, and was later indicted by the Liberhan Commission for her role in the incident.[2]

In the 2003 Assembly polls, she led the BJP to a three-fourths majority in the Madhya Pradesh Vidhān Sabhā (Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly). She defeated her Congress opponent from the Malehra seat by a 25% margin. She resigned from the post of Chief Minister in August 2004, when an arrest warrant was issued against her regarding the 1994 Hubli riot case.[3][4]


  • Early life 1
  • Political career 2
    • Rise to prominence and Ram Janmabhoomi 2.1
    • Chief Minister 2.2
    • Bharatiya Janashakti Party 2.3
    • Re-entry into the BJP 2.4
  • Political Positions 3
    • FDI in retail in India 3.1
    • Ram Janmabhoomi 3.2
  • Offices and Positions held 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life

Uma Bharti was born on 3 May 1959 in Dunda, Tikamgarh District in the state of Madhya Pradesh to a family of peasants. She attended school up until the sixth standard. As a child, she displayed considerable interest in religious texts like the Bhagvad Gita which led to her being seen as a "spiritual" child.[5] She began to give religious discourses while still a child, which brought her into contact with Rajmata Vijayaraje Scindia, who would later become her political mentor.[6] She describes herself in her youth as a "religious missionary".[7]

Political career

Uma Bharti honored Isrg Rajan at Bundelkhand Vikas Parishad

Rise to prominence and Ram Janmabhoomi

With the support of Vijaya Raje Scindia, Bharti became involved with the Madhya Pradesh state BJP while still in her twenties. In 1984, she contested Lok Sabha elections for the first time, but lost in the Congress wave that followed the assassination of Indira Gandhi.[5] In 1989, she won in the Khajuraho Lok Sabha constituency, and retained the seat in the elections of 1991, 1996, and 1998.[5]

Bharti rose to national prominence when she became one of the major faces of the Ramjanmabhoomi movement alongside L. K. Advani and others. Her fiery speeches are credited for helping the movement achieve the momentum that it did.[5] In December 1992 she was one of several prominent Sangh Parivar figures present at a rally in Ayodhya that developed into a riot that culminated in the demolition of the Babri Mosque.[2] Bharti was indicted for inciting a mob to violence by the Liberhan Commission that probed the incident.[8] Bharti herself denies that she incited the mob, but says she does not regret it, and is willing to take "moral responsibility" for the demolition.[9] She acknowledges that the BJP reaped massive political benefits from the incident.[10]

In the 1999 Lok Sabha elections, she switched constituencies and won the Bhopal seat. She became a cabinet member of the Vajpayee administration, and held various state- and cabinet-level portfolios, being Human Resource Development, Tourism, Youth Affairs and Sports, and finally Coal and Mines.[5]

Chief Minister

Bharti was appointed the Chief ministerial candidate of the BJP for the 2003 Assembly polls in Madhya Pradesh. On the back of a fierce campaign based on a plank of development, and helped along by her reputation as a Hindutva firebrand, she led the party to a three-fourths majority in the legislature.[1][11] She herself defeated her Congress opponent from the Malehra seat by a 25% margin.

Bharatiya Janashakti Party

In August 2004, after only a year in office, an arrest warrant was issued against Uma Bharti in connection with the 1994 Hubli riots, forcing her resignation.[4] In November 2004, she had a public falling out with L. K. Advani during a meeting at the BJP headquarters. This led to a suspension from the Bharatiya Janata Party, which was revoked a few months later at the insistence of the RSS.[1] She continued to publicly defy the BJP high command, insisting that she replace Shivraj Singh Chauhan as the Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, which led to several show-cause notices from the party, and eventually, to her expulsion.[5]

In response, Bharti floated her own political party, the Bharatiya Janshakti Party (also abbreviated BJP). She stated that her party followed the ideology of the RSS, and claimed that she had the support of Mohan Bhagwat, head of the Sangh.[8] However, the party had a marked lack of political success.[5]

Re-entry into the BJP

She was re-inducted into the BJP on 7 June 2011. She was tasked with reviving the party in [Uttar Pradesh, ahead of the assembly election in 2012.[12][13] Subsequently, she was appointed to the position of vice-president along with twelve others, as part of a team created to guide the BJP through the 2014 Lok Sabha elections.[5] On 16 May 2014, she was elected to the Lok Sabha from Jhansi constituency by defeating Chandrapal Yadav of the Samajwadi Party.[14][15] On 26 May 2014, she was appointed by newly elected Prime Minister, Narendra Modi as the Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation in his cabinet.[16]

Political Positions

FDI in retail in India

In late November 2011, when the Government of India decided to allow 51% Foreign direct investment in multi-brand retail and 100% in single brand retail, Uma Bharti threatened Walmart with arson should they enter the Indian market.[17]

Ram Janmabhoomi

Bharti is a strong supporter of the Ram Janmabhoomi movement. She was one of the prominent leaders present during the riot which resulted in the demolition of the Babri Masjid. The Liberhan Commission that investigated the incident indicted her (among several other Sangh Parivar leaders) for inciting the mob to a riot. Bharti herself has denied the charges, but has called for the BJP to stop avoiding responsibility, saying:

"The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came to power twice at the Centre riding on the Ram Mandir movement wave. So it should not disown the movement and wriggle out of its responsibility for the Babri mosque demolition. I was in the BJP then and was present at the site on the fateful day. I am ready to face any consequence, even to go to jail,"

She has also denied the presence of any conspiracy by the Sangh, while stating that she does not regret the demolition, as it furthers the goal of building a Ram Mandir there.[2][8][9][10]

Offices and Positions held

Bharti has held various posts:[7]

  • 1988 onwards: vice-president, Bharatiya Janata Party, Madhya Pradesh
  • 1989: elected to the 9th Lok Sabha
  • 1990: member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Agriculture
  • 1990–92: member, Consultative Committee, constituted under the Punjab State Legislature (Delegation of Power) Act, 1987
  • 1991: re-elected to the 10th Lok Sabha
  • 1991–93: member, Public Accounts Committee
  • 1993 onwards: president, BJP Youth Wing
  • 1996: re-elected to the 11th Lok Sabha
  • 1996–97: member, Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and Forests
  • 1998: re-elected to the 12th Lok Sabha
  • 1998–99: Union Minister of State, Human Resource Development
  • 1999: re-elected to the 13th Lok Sabha (resigned on 18 December 2003)[5]
  • 13 October 1999 – 2 February 2000: Union Minister of State (Independent Charge), Tourism (resigned on 2 February 2000)
  • 7 November 2000 – 25 August 2002: Union Cabinet Minister, Youth Affairs & Sports
  • 26 August 2002 – 29 January 2003: Union Cabinet Minister, Coal and Mines
  • 2003: elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) of Madhya Pradesh[5]
  • 8 December 2003 – 23 August 2004: Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh[5]
  • 2012: elected MLA, from Charkhari Seat of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly[18][19]
  • 2014; elected MP, Jhansi.[14][15]
  • 2014; Union Cabinet Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Powerpuff girls who rule Indian politics". India Today. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Jacob, Jeemon. "Babri Masjid Demolition: Through the Lens". Tehelka. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "BJP meet to decide Uma Bharati's fate". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  4. ^ a b "Uma 'happily' goes to jail ensuring party goes to town". Indian Express. Retrieved 20 March 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Manjesh, Sindhu. "Who is Uma Bharti?". NDTV. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "The Worldy Ascetic". Business and Economy. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Biographical Sketch – Member of Parliament 16th Lok Sabha". Lok Sabha website. Retrieved 20 September 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c Bhagwat, Ramu (2 July 2009). "Own up responsibility, Uma Bharti tells BJP". Times of India. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "I take moral responsibility: Uma Bharti". The Hindu. 24 November 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Uma Bharti flays Kalyan for regretting Babri demolition". The Hindu. 18 April 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "BJP sweeps out Congress from 3 states". The Tribune. 5 December 2003. Retrieved 6 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Back to BJP". Economic Times. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "Uma Bharti rejoins BJP". WorldSnap News. 7 June 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011. 
  14. ^ a b "Election Results 2014: Seven Union Ministers taste humiliating defeat in Uttar Pradesh". The Economic Times. 16 May 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "GENERAL ELECTION TO LOK SABHA TRENDS & RESULT 2014, Uttar Pradesh – Jhansi". ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA. 16 May 2014. 
  16. ^ "Narendra Modi government: Full list of portfolios and ministers". The Indian Express. 27 May 2014. 
  17. ^
  19. ^ "Uma Bharti, Kalraj Mishra and Rita Bahuguna among winners". THE HINDU. 7 March 2012. 

External links

  • Official Twitter
  • "India's firebrand Hindu nun" – BBC News article dated 30 November 2005
  • BBC article on Uma Bharti's suspension
Political offices
Preceded by
Digvijay Singh
Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh
8 December 2003 – 22 August 2004
Succeeded by
Babulal Gaur
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