World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tujunga Wash

Article Id: WHEBN0005044146
Reproduction Date:

Title: Tujunga Wash  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hansen Dam, Sunland-Tujunga, Los Angeles, History of the San Fernando Valley, Los Angeles flood of 1938, Flood control channel
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Tujunga Wash

Tujunga Wash, south from Victory Boulevard

Tujunga Wash is a 13.0-mile-long (20.9 km)[1] stream in Los Angeles County, California. It is a tributary of the Los Angeles River, providing about a fifth of its flow, and drains about 225 square miles (580 km2). It is called a wash because it is usually dry, especially the lower reaches, only carrying significant flows during and after storms, which usually only occur between November and April.


  • About 1
  • Crossings 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Tujunga Wash consists of two forks, both beginning in the San Gabriel Mountains. The upper portion of Big Tujunga Wash is called Tujunga Creek, or Big Tujunga Creek. It travels roughly east to west, and several tributaries from the north and south join it as it flows to Big Tujunga Reservoir, formed by Big Tujunga Dam. Below the dam, the stream is called Big Tujunga Wash. It continues its westward flow, enters San Fernando Valley and is met by Little Tujunga Wash a mile before reaching Hansen Reservoir, which is formed by Hansen Dam. Little Tujunga Wash comes from the north, draining the portion of the San Gabriel Mountains immediately north of Hansen Reservoir. Downstream of the dam, Tujunga Wash flows roughly south and is met halfway to its confluence with the Los Angeles River by Pacoima Wash, which drains the other side of the mountains that Little Tujunga Wash drains. Finally, Tujunga Wash meets the Los Angeles River near Studio City, California.

Flooding damage along the wash in 1938

Big Tujunga Dam was built by Los Angeles County and completed in 1931. Big Tujunga Reservoir can hold 5,960 acre feet (7,350,000 m3) of water. In the Los Angeles Flood of 1938 it was tested. The dam is currently undergoing a seismic retrofit, which includes doubling the thickness of the gravity arch dam. Hansen Dam was built by the United States Army Corps of Engineers and completed in 1940. Hansen Reservoir can hold 74,100 acre feet (91,400,000 m3) of water. Their primary purposes are flood control, although they also provide some groundwater recharge. Water cannot percolate in the lower portion of the watershed because it is so urbanized that there is little bare ground and streambeds have been transformed into concrete channels, and the water flows too fast in the upper reaches of the watershed to sink into the ground very much. As a result, the majority of the water is discharged into the ocean.

In 1969 there was a flood in the Tujunga Wash: water flowed down a formerly inactive channel and entered a large gravel pit 15 m to 23 m deep. The channel bed degraded by about 4 meters, leading to failure of three highway bridges and loss of seven homes.[2]


From north to south (year built in parentheses):

See also


  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed March 16, 2011
  2. ^ Bull, W. B. and K. M. Scott (1974). "Impact of mining gravel from urban stream beds in the Southwestern United States." Geology 2: 171-174.

External links

  • Columbia Gazetteer of North America
  • Tujunga Watershed Project
  • California Bay-Delta Program (PDF)
  • Tujunga Wash tributary to the L.A. River KCET Departures interview with Ecologist Ellen Mackey

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.