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Toxostoma redivivum

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Toxostoma redivivum

California Thrasher
In California
File:Structural-Design-Principles-of-Complex-Bird-Songs-A-Network-Based-Approach-pone.0044436.s006.ogg
Song
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Mimidae
Genus: Toxostoma
Species: T. redivivum
Binomial name
Toxostoma redivivum
(Gambel, 1845)
Song
File:Toxostoma redivivum - California Thrasher - XC109829.ogg
California Thrasher singing in California

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The California Thrasher (Toxostoma redivivum) is a large thrasher found primarily in chaparral habitat in California and Baja California. Similar to the Crissal and Le Conte's Thrashers in habit, the California Thrasher is the only species of Toxostoma throughout most of its limited range. Like most thrashers, it rarely flies in the open, preferring to keep hidden in dense brush. Therefore, while it is common throughout much of its range, it is rarely seen.

At about 12 inches (30 cm) and nearly 85 grams (3 oz), the California Thrasher is the largest species of mimid. It is generally brown, with buffy underparts and undertail (unlike the Crissal). It has a dark cheek pattern and eye-line, and unlike most thrashers, has dark eyes. The California Thrasher eats insects and small invertebrates.

References

External links

  • California Thrasher videos on the Internet Bird Collection
  • California Thrasher at Avibase
  • California Thrasher at USGS
  • California Thrasher photo gallery VIREO
  • Article - "Birds of San Diego coastal scrub"

Further reading

Book

  • Cody, M. L. 1998. California Thrasher (Toxostoma redivivum). In The Birds of North America, No. 323 (A. Poole and F. Gill, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.

Articles

  • Academy Of Natural Sciences Of P. (1998). California Thrasher: Toxostoma redivivum. Birds of North America. vol 0, no 323. pp. 1–22.
  • Burns KJ & Barhoum DN. (2006). Population-level history of the wrentit (Chamaea fasciata): Implications for comparative phylogeography in the California Floristic Province. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution. vol 38, no 1. pp. 117–129.
  • Farnsworth A. (2001). WatchList species as viewed through the Christmas Bird Count database. American Birds. vol 102, pp. 29–31.
  • Pearson OP. (1979). Spacing and Orientation among Feeding Golden-Crowned Sparrows Zonotrichia-Atricapilla. Condor. vol 81, no 3. pp. 278–285.
  • Rich T & Rothstein SI. (1985). Sage Thrashers Oreoscoptes-Montanus Reject Cowbird Molothrus-Ater Eggs. Condor. vol 87, no 4. pp. 561–562.
  • Sgariglia EA & Burns KJ. (2003). Phylogeography of the California Thrasher (Toxostoma redivivum) based on nested-clade analysis of mitochondrial-DNA variation. Auk. vol 120, no 2. pp. 346–361.
  • Winter L. (1369). Trap-neuter-release programs: the reality and the impacts. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. vol 225, no 9. pp. 1369–1376.
  • Zink RM, Dittmann DL, Klicka J & Blackwell-Rago RC. (1999). Evolutionary patterns of morphometrics, allozymes, and mitochondrial DNA in thrashers (genus Toxostoma). Auk. vol 116, no 4. pp. 1021–1038.Template:Mimidae-stub
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