World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Tablighi Jamaat

Tablighi Jamaat
تبلیغی جماعت
2009 Malaysian Annual Congregation of Tablighi Jamaat
Sepang Selangor, Malaysia
Muhammad Ilyas
Regions with significant populations
 India [1]
 United Kingdom
 Indonesia [2]
 South Africa
 Sri Lanka
 Hong Kong
 France [3][4]
 Germany [4]
Quran, Hadith
Liturgical: Arabic
In Bangladesh: Bengali
In India and Pakistan: Urdu
In the diaspora: In UK: Respective regional languages

Tablighi Jamaat (Urdu: تبلیغی جماعت‎, Tablīghī Jamā‘at; Arabic: جماعة التبليغ‎, Jamā‘at at-Tablīgh; Bengali: তাবলীগ জামাত; Hindi: तबलीग़ी जमात; English: Society for spreading faith) is an Islamic global proselytizing movement.[5] The movement was started in 1927 by Muhammad Ilyas al-Kandhlawi in India,[6] which was the dream of his teacher Rasheed Ahmad Gangohi.[7] It primarily aims at Tablighi spiritual reformation by working at the grass roots level, reaching out to Muslims across social and economic spectra to bring them in line with the group's understanding of Islam.[4][8]

Tablighi Jamaat came forth as an offshoot of the Deobandi movement. Its inception is stated to be a response to perceived deteriorating moral values and a supposed negligence of aspects of Islam.[9] It expanded from local to national to an international movement, and now claims to have over 20 Million followers in over 210 countries.[4]

Tablighi Jamaat maintains a non-affiliating stature in matters of politics and fiqh (jurisprudence).[10] Although Tabligh Jamaat emerged from the Deobandi sub-school in the Hanafi fiqh, no particular interpretation of Islam has been endorsed since the beginning of the movement since the Quran and Hadith from which various denominations derive their authority are considered one and immutable.[10][11] Tabligh Jamaat has claimed to avoid electronic media and has emphasised a personal communication for proselytising. Although prominent Tablighi personalities such as Tariq Jameel feature on an extensive range of Internet videos and often appear on TV. The teachings of Tabligh Jamaat are expressed in the approach of the "Six Principles" put forward by Muhammad Ilyas.

Tabligh Jamaat attracted significant public and media attention when it announced plans for the largest mosque in Europe to be built in London, United Kingdom. It is stated to reject violence as a means for evangelism.[12] Tablighi Jamaat believes that Muslims are in a constant state of spiritual Jihad in the sense of fight against evil, the weapon of choice is Dawah (proselytization) and that battles are won or lost in the "hearts of men."


  • History 1
    • Origin 1.1
    • Expansion 1.2
  • Beliefs and objectives 2
    • Six principles 2.1
  • Organization 3
    • Leadership 3.1
  • Activities and traditions 4
    • Khurūj - proselytising tour 4.1
    • Ijtema - annual gathering 4.2
  • Role of women 5
  • Controversies 6
    • Criticism 6.1
  • Notable members 7
  • Notes 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10


The emergence of Tablighi Jamaat represented the intensification of individual reformation aspects of the original Deobandi movement. It was also a continuation of the broader trend of Islamic revival in India in the wake of the collapse of Muslim political power to the Maratha Empire and the subsequent consolidation of the British rule.

The emergence of Tablighi Jamaat also coincided closely with the rise of various Hindu proselytising movements which launched massive efforts in the early twentieth century to reconvert Hindus who had converted to Islam and Christianity.[13] Notable among these Hindu revivalist movements were Shuddhi (purification) and Sanghatan (consolidation) movements. The Tabligh movement aimed to reaffirm Muslim religio-cultural identity of borderline Muslims who still practised customs and religious rites connected with Hinduism. Unlike common proselytising movements, TJ mostly focused on making Muslims 'better and purer'(strengthening their faith in the Might of the Lord) and TJ also gives dawah to the non-Muslims but on a very low scale its reason is that it says that a person should be perfect before the gives dawah to non-Muslims because his dawah will be affective only if he is perfect that's why this movement was started by Ilyas to make Muslims a perfect Muslim.[14][15]


The Tablighi Jamaat was formed in 1927 in the Mewat region around Delhi, in north India,[6] which was inhabited by the Meos, a Rajput ethnic group. At the time, some Muslim Indian leaders feared that Muslims were losing their religious identity to the majority Hindu culture. The movement was never given any name officially, but Ilyas used to call it Tahrik-i Imaan.[16][17]

There is evidence that several Meos converted to Islam, followed by re-conversion to Hinduism when Muslim political power declined in the region. According to Ballard , the Meos were generally benighted Muslims before the emergence of Tabligh Jamaat, and lacked the necessary acumen required to resist the cultural and religious influence of Hindus.[13]

Muhammad Ilyas, the founder of Tablighi Jamaat, wanted to set forth a movement that would exemplify the Qur'anic decree of 'enjoining good and forbidding evil'.[18][19] The inspiration for devoting his life to Islam came to Ilyas during his second pilgrimage to Mecca in 1926.[20] He initially tried to establish a network of mosque-based religious schools to educate the Mewati Muslims about Islamic beliefs and practices. Shortly afterwards, he was disappointed with the reality that these institutions were producing religious functionaries but not preachers.[21]

Ilyas abandoned his teaching post at Madrasah Mazahir Uloom in Saharanpur and became a missionary. He relocated to Nizamuddin near Delhi, where this movement was formally launched in 1926.[21] When setting the guidelines for the movement, he sought inspiration from the practices adopted by Muhammad at the dawn of Islam.[19] Muhammad Ilyas put forward the slogan, Urdu: "!اﮮ مسلمانو! مسلمان بنو", "O muslims, become muslims!". This expressed the central focus of Tablighi Jamat: their aim to renew Muslims socially by uniting them in embracing the lifestyle of Muhammad. The movement gained a following in a relatively short period and nearly 25,000 people attended the annual conference in November 1941.[21]


The group began to expand its activities in 1946. The initial expansion within South Asia happened immediately after the partition of India in 1947, when the Pakistan Chapter was established in the hinterlands of Raiwind town near Lahore, Pakistan. The Pakistan Chapter remained the largest till Bangladesh became independent from Pakistan in 1971. Today, the largest Chapter is Bangladesh followed by the second largest in Pakistan. Within two decades of its establishment, the group reached Southwest and Southeast Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America.[22] The Tablighi Jamaat's aversion to politics, and also its lack of any direct and practical Economic-Political-Social viewpoints, like the occupation of Palestine, helped it enter and operate in societies, especially western countries and societies where politically active religious groups faced severe restrictions.[23]

The first foreign missions were sent to the Hejaz and Britain in 1946.[24] The next nation to receive Tablighi Jamaat missionaries was the United States. During the 1970s and 1980s the Tablighi Jamaat established a large presence in continental Europe.[16]

The construction of the Markazi Masjid in Dewsbury, England commenced in 1978 and subsequently became the European headquarters of the Tablighi Jamaat. This centre holds one major gathering annually, generally in Dewsbury itself. It has also constructed a busy madrasah, called the Institute of Islamic Education.[25]

Introduced in France in the 1960s, Tablighi Jamaat grew significantly in the two decades following 1970.[26] Tablighi Jamaat declined around 1989, although some members still represent it in the French Council of the Muslim Faith.[16] During the first half-decade of the 21st century Tablighi Jamaat went through a major revival in France, reaching 100,000 followers by 2006.[1] However, the United Kingdom is the current focus of the movement in the Europe, primarily due to the large South Asian population that began to arrive there in the 1960s.[27] By 2007, Tabligh members were situated at 600 of Britain's 1,350 mosques.[25]

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the movement made inroads into Central Asia. As of 2007, it was estimated that 10,000 Tabligh Jamaat members could be found in Kyrgyzstan,[2] that was largely driven by Pakistani members initially.


  • The Jamaat Tableegh and the Deobandis: A Critical Analysis of their Beliefs, Books and Dawah by Sajid Abdul-Kayum
  • Tablighi Jamaat
  • Maulana Tariq Jameel Bayan
  • Gilligan, Andrew (31 October 2006). "The super-mosque that’s a step too far". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. 
  • Maulana Tariq Jameel (Also Molana Tariq Jamil) Urdu MP3 Islamic Lectures Bayans
  • Excellent website for Lectures/Bayans/Talks associated with Tablighi Jamaat

External links

  • Agwani, Mohammed (1986). "Islamic Fundamentalism in India". Twenty-First Century India Society.  
  • Ali, Jan A. (2012). Islamic Revivalism Encounters the Modern World: A Study of the Tablīgh Jamā‘at. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers. ISBN 978-81-207-6843-7
  • Ayoob, Mohammed (2007). The many faces of political Islam: religion and politics in the Muslim world. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.  
  • Ballard, Roger (1994). Desh Pradesh. C. Hurst & Co.  
  • Marty, Martin E.; Appleby, R. Scott (1994). Fundamentalisms observed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.  
  • Rabasa, Angel (2004). The Muslim world after 9/11. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.  


  1. ^ a b c d e f Khalid Hasan (13 August 2006). "Tableeghi Jamaat: all that you know and don't". Daily Times. Retrieved 21 January 2010. 
  2. ^ a b  
  3. ^ Islamic Contestations: Essays On Muslims In India And Pakistan Oxford University Press (19 October 2006) ISBN 0-19-568513-X
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Burton, Fred; Scott Stewart (23 January 2008). "Tablighi Jamaat: An Indirect Line to Terrorism". Stratfor Intelligence. Retrieved 10 August 2009. 
  5. ^ Butt, Riazat (18 February 2011). "Tablighi Jamaat mosque accused of encouraging Muslim isolationism". The Guardian. 
  6. ^ a b Dietrich Reetz, Sûfî spirituality fires reformist zeal: The Tablîghî Jamâ‘at in today's India and Pakistan, Archives de sciences sociales des religions [En ligne], 135 | juillet - septembre 2006, mis en ligne le 01 septembre 2009, consulté le 29 novembre 2014. p 33.
  7. ^ Masud 2000, p. xiii
  8. ^ Dominic Kennedy and Hannah Devlin (19 August 2006). "Disbelief and shame in a community of divided faith". The Times (London). Retrieved 8 May 2009. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Metcalf, Barbara. "Traditionalist" Islamic Activism: Deoband, Tablighis, and Talibs". Social Science Research Council. Retrieved 24 January 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c Ayoob 2007, p. 135
  11. ^ Jenkins, Philip (2007). God's continent (illustrated, annotated ed.). US: Oxford University Press. p. 340.  
  12. ^ "Tablighi Jamaat does not preach jihad, says senior Muslim leader".  
  13. ^ a b Ballard 1994, p. 64
  14. ^ Marty 1994, p. 511
  15. ^ Masud 2000, p. 104
  16. ^ a b c Kepel 2004, p. 261
  17. ^ Roy 2007, p. 342
  18. ^ a b Quran 3:104
  19. ^ a b Ballard 1994, p. 65
  20. ^ Agwani, Mohammad Shafi (1986). "Islamic Fundamentalism in India 1986". Twenty First Century Indian Society. p. 41. 
  21. ^ a b c Marty 1994, p. 152
  22. ^ a b Marty 1994, p. 514
  23. ^ Marty 1994, p. 524
  24. ^ Masud 2000, p. 127
  25. ^ a b Norfolk, Andrew (10 September 2007). "Muslim group behind 'mega-mosque' seeks to convert all Britain" (ece). London: TimesOnline. Retrieved 7 April 2008. 
  26. ^ Smith, Craig (29 April 2005). "French Islamic group offers rich soil for militancy". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 February 2010. 
  27. ^ a b c d Howenstein, Nicholas; Dr. Eva Borreguero. "Islamist Networks: The Case of Tablighi Jamaat". Retrieved 14 June 2007. 
  28. ^ a b c Sameer Arshad (22 July 2007). "Tabligh, or the enigma of revival". Times of India. Retrieved 2 May 2009. 
  29. ^ Masud 2000, p. xxi
  30. ^ Masud 2000, p. xxii
  31. ^ Quran 41:33
  32. ^ Marty 1994, p. 515
  33. ^ a b c "DAWAT O TABLIGH & ISLAH: What is and What not in Fazail e Amaal,Haqeeqat Reality of allegation Propaganda discussion". Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  34. ^ a b "Tableeghi Jamaat: On the scale of Qur'aan & Sunnah | Civil". Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Metcalf, Barbara (27 February 1996). "Islam and women: The case of the Tablighi Jama`at". Stanford University. Retrieved 9 January 2010. 
  36. ^ Marty 1994, p. 513
  37. ^ Alexiev, Alex (Winter 2005). "Tablighi Jamaat: Jihad's Stealthy Legions".  
  38. ^ Khattak, Inamullah (27 April 2009). "Tableeghi Jamaat leaders denounce gunpoint Sharia". Dawn. Retrieved 29 April 2009. 
  39. ^ Marty 1994, p. 154
  40. ^ a b Marty 1994, p. 516
  41. ^ Masud 2000, p. 82
  42. ^ Marty 1994, p. 156
  43. ^ a b Masud 2000, p. 166
  44. ^ Masud 2000, p. 27
  45. ^ Masud 2000, p. 28
  46. ^ Uddin, Sufia M. (2006). Constructing Bangladesh (illustrated ed.). UNC Press. p. 224.  
  47. ^ "Millions of Muslims gather in Bangladesh". Reuters, UK. 2 February 2007. Retrieved 31 July 2009. 
  48. ^ "600 couples wedded at Ijtema". Daily Times. 21 November 2004. Retrieved 19 March 2010. 
  49. ^ "Raiwind Ijtema: Thousands head home as first session ends". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  50. ^ "Religious conference: Second Raiwind Ijtema session ends". The Express Tribune. 2011-11-28. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  51. ^ a b Marty 1994, p. 518
  52. ^ "Jama'atul Tableegh & the Prayer Within Mosques That Contain Graves". FatwaIslam.Com. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  53. ^ Marty 1994, p. 519
  54. ^ Marty 1994, p. 517
  55. ^ 59. ^ "The Future of Political Islam". Foreign Affairs. 2002-03-01. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
  56. ^ 60. ^ "Search for a perfect world of Islam". Le Monde diplomatique. 2002-05. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
  57. ^ Security Weekly. "Tablighi Jamaat: An Indirect Line to Terrorism". Stratfor. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  58. ^ "Tablighi Jamaat: Jihad's Stealthy Legions :: Middle East Quarterly". Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  59. ^ Lewis, Paul. "Inside the Islamic group accused by MI5 and FBI | UK news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  60. ^ "Qaeda used Tablighi Jamaat as cover: WikiLeaks". Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  61. ^ "Investigative Reports & findings of Saudi Scholars on Tableeghi Jamaat | Civil". Retrieved 2014-07-31. 
  62. ^ a b "Pervaiz invited to attend BD congregation". The Nation. 28 November 2011. 
  63. ^ "Religious harmony: Dousing the flames of sectarianism". The Express Tribune. June 11, 2013. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  64. ^ "Top Stories". The News. 18 December 2006. Retrieved 9 January 2010. 
  65. ^ "Entertainment industry of Frontier hangs in the balance". TheNews. 20 January 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009. 
  66. ^ "Popular comedian quits showbiz". TheNews. 17 January 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009. 
  67. ^ Raman, B (3 June 2003). "Cambodia meets Islam head on". Asia Times. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  68. ^ "Annual Karachi Tablighi Ijtima". Daily Times. 28 July 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2010. 
  69. ^ "Pakistan's Youhana embraces Islam". BBC News. 19 September 2005. Retrieved 22 February 2010. 


Former Lieutenant General, and heads of Inter-Services Intelligence, Javed Nasir and General Mahmud Ahmed of the Pakistan Army became a member of Tablighi Jamaat during his service.[67] The Tablighi Jamaat also has a notable following among Pakistani professional cricketers: Shahid Afridi, Mohammad Yousuf and the former cricketers Saqlain Mushtaq, Inzamam-ul-Haq, Mushtaq Ahmed, Saeed Anwar and Saeed Ahmed are active members.[68] Mohammad Yousuf's conversion to Islam is widely attributed to the influence of the Tabligh Jamaat.[69]

Maulana Tariq Jameel is a prominent member of Tablighi Jamaat.[63] Former singer and pop star Junaid Jamshed has close links with Tabligh Jamaat, and his departure from his professional singing career is attributed to his inclination towards this movement. Singers, actors and models, including Attaullah Essa Khailwi,[64] Gulzar Alam,[65] Bacha,[62] Alamzeb Mujahid,[66] are also affiliated with the movement.

Former President of India, Dr. Zakir Hussain who was also associated with this movement. The former chief minister of Punjab Pervaiz Elahi is also a strong supporter of the Tablighi Jamaat. In 2011 he gave 75 kanals of land for a Tablighi Jamaat mosque at the Raiwind Markaz.[62]

The Tablighi Jamaat has no membership lists or formal procedures for membership which makes it difficult to quantify and verify affiliations.[61]

Notable members


"an apolitical, quietist movement of internal grassroots missionary renewal"[9]Barbara D. Metcalf, University of Michigan, (While comparing its activities to the Alcoholics Anonymous for the efforts to reshape individual lives)

"completely apolitical and law abiding."[56] —Olivier Roy, a prominent authority on Islam at the French National Centre for Scientific Research

"peaceful and apolitical preaching-to-the-people movement."[55] —Graham Fuller, a former CIA official and an expert on Islam, (author of The Future of Political Islam)

Also, some notable people hold opinions contrary to terrorism allegations.

[54] The exclusive focus of the Tablighi Jamaat's attention is the individual, and members believe the reformation of society and institutions will only be effective through education and reform of individuals. They insist that nations and social systems exist by the virtue of the individuals who form them; therefore, the reform must begin at the grass-roots with individuals and not at the higher level of political structure.[53] Many critics, especially those from

Tablighi Jamaat has also been criticised within Islamic circles and the major opposition in the Indian subcontinent comes from the Barelvi movement. One of the main criticisms against them is that the men neglect and ignore their families, especially by going out on da'wa tours. Tablighi Jamaat participants, in response, argue that both genders should be equally engaged in Tabligh. They further say that women, like men, are also urged to carry the responsibility of Tabligh and that men should facilitate women's participation by providing childcare.[35]

Due to orthodox nature of Tablighi Jamaat, they have been criticised for being retrogressive. The women in the movement observe complete hijab for which the Tablighi Jamaat is accused of keeping women "strictly subservient and second string".[1]


Mushawara after Bayan Subh at Tablighi Jamaat center in Aceh, located in Cot Goh, Mon Tasiek, Aceh Besar Regency


In many modern Islamist movements, women have been relegated to a domestic role. Tablighi Jamaat tends to blur the boundaries of gender roles and both genders share a common behavioural model and their commitment to tabligh. The emphasis is on a common nature and responsibilities shared by both genders. Just as men redraw the gender roles when they wash and cook during the course of da'wa tours, women undertake the male responsibility of sustaining the household.[35] Women do not play any role in the higher echelons of the movement[1] but their opinions are taken into due considerations.[35]

Women were encouraged to participate since the beginning of the movement. Some scholars objected to the participation of women but Muhammad Ilyas slowly gained their support and the first jamaat of women was formed in Nizamuddin, Delhi.[35] Accompanied by a close male relative, women are encouraged to go out in jamaats and work among other women and family members while following the rules of modesty, seclusion and segregation. They observe strict rules of hijab by covering their faces and hands.[1][35] Jamaats of women sometimes participate in large annual meetings; otherwise, they commonly hold neighbourhood meetings. Since South Asian Islamic culture discourages women from going to the mosque and saintly shrines, these venues offer an opportunity for women to pray together and congregate religiously.[35]

Role of women

An annual gathering of followers, called ijtema, is summoned at headquarters of the respective countries. A typical ijtema continues for three days and ends with an exceptionally long prayer.[1] These gatherings are considered moments of intense blessings by Tabligh Jamaat members and are known to attract members in excess of 2 million in some countries.[9] The oldest ijtema of the World started in Bhopal, capital city of Madhya Pradesh, India. It attracts people from all over World. Almost 2 million people gather for this annual gathering. The largest of such annual gatherings is held in Bangladesh. The Bengali gathering, called Bishwa Ijtema (World Gathering), converges followers from around the world in Tongi near Dhaka, Bangladesh, with an attendance exceeding 3 million people.[46][47] The second largest Tabligh Jamaat gathering takes place in Raiwind, Pakistan which was attended by approximately 1.5 million people in 2004.[48] In 2011 Pakistan divided the Ijtema into two parts and total 1 million People attended each of the two Ijtema.[49][50]

Bishwa Ijtema (World Gathering) of Muslims at Tongi, Bangladesh

Ijtema - annual gathering

Generally, the assumed role of these jamaat members cycle in a way that they may be engaged as a preacher, a cook or as a cleaner at other times. Among Tabligh Jamaat members, this is generally referred to as khidmat which essentially connotes to serving their companions and freeing them for tablighi engagements.[35] The members of the Jamaat are assigned these roles based on the day's mashwara. The markaz keeps records of each jamaat and its members, the identity of whom is verified from their respective mosques. Mosques are used to assist the tablighi activities of individual jamaats that voluntarily undertake preaching missions.[4][28] Members of a jamaat, ideally, pay expenses themselves so as to avoid financial dependence on anyone.[35]

During their stay in mosques, these jamaats conduct a daily gasht, which involves visiting local neighbourhoods, preferably with the help of a guide.[27] They invite people to attend the Maghrib prayer at their mosque and those who attend are delivered a sermon after the prayers, which essentially outlines the Six Principles. They urge the attendees to spend time in tabligh for self reformation and the propagation of Islam.[44][45] Also the regular activities like eating, sleeping etc. are also carried out in the mosques.

largest islamic movement, Tabligh Jamaat encourages its followers to follow the pattern of spending "one night a week, one weekend a month, 40 continuous days a year, and ultimately 120 days at least once in their lives engaged in tabligh missions". During the course of these tours, members are generally seen dressed in simple, white, loose-clothing, carrying sleeping bags on their backs.[35] These members use mosques as their base during this travel but particular mosques, due to more frequent tablighiyat activities, have come to be specifically associated with this organisation. These mosques generally hold the periodic, smaller scale convocations for neighbourhood members.[9]

Khurūj - proselytising tour

Tablighi Jamaat is active in Hong Kong, operates from great Kowloon Mosque, Jamaats come to Hong Kong from different countries for dawath, From Hong Kong Many leaving to neighboring counties for teaching and dawah. Mazhar Pasha, Omer Farooq, Naveed Ahmed, Shabbir ahmed and other are active jamaat activities. Great Kowloon mosque in regional markaz for Hong Kong and nearest counties.

These individual jamaats, each led by an ameer, are sent from each markaz across the city or country to remind people to persist on the path of God. The duration of the work depends on the discretion of each jamaat. A trip can take an evening, a couple of days or a prolonged duration.[4][35]

The activism of Tablighi Jamaat can be characterised by the last of the Six Principles. This principle, Tafrigh-i-Waqt (English: sparing of time) justifies the withdrawal from world, though temporarily, for travelling. Travel has been adopted as the most effective method of personal reform and has become an emblematic feature of organisation. They describe the purpose of this retreat as to patch the damages caused by the worldly indulgence and occasionally use the dry-dock parable to explain this.[43]

Dry-dock parable:
Man is a ship in trouble in tumultuous sea. It is impossible to repair it without taking it away from the high seas where the waves of ignorance and the temptations of temporal life assail it. Its only chance is to come back to land to be dry-docked. The dry-dock is the mosque of the jamaat.

— from the book Travellers in Faith[43]

Activities and traditions

Ameer is title of leadership in the Tabligh Jamaat and the attribute largely sought is the quality of faith, rather than the worldly rank.[35] The ameer of Tabligh Jamaat is appointed for life by a central consultative council (shu'ara') and elders of the Tabligh Jamaat.[40][42] The first ameer, who was also the founder, was Maulana Muhammad Ilyas Kandhalawi, the second was his son Maulana Muhammad Yusuf Kandhalawi and the third was Maulana Inaam ul Hasan.[22] At present, there is a council of known scholars like Haji Abdul Wahhab Sb, Maulana Saad Kandhalawi etc.Maulana Zubair Ul Hasan the son of Maulana Inamul Hasan sahab died in Delhi on March 18, 2014. He was one of the members of the Shurah (Council) of Nizamuddin Markaz Delhi.


and preaching missions are self funded by their respective members. jamaats These [28]. Tablighi Jamaat maintains its international headquarters, called Markaz The organisation's activities are coordinated through centres and headquarters called

Tablighi Jamaat follows an informal organizational structure and keeps an introvert institutional profile. It keeps its distance from mass media and avoids publishing details about its activities and membership. The group also exercises complete abstinence from expressing opinions on political and controversial issues mainly to avoid the disputes which would accompany these endorsements.[37][38] As an organisation, Tabligh Jamaat does not seek donations and is not funded by anyone, in fact members have to bear their own expenditures. Since there is no formal registration process and no official membership count has ever been taken, the exact membership statistics remain unknown.[39] The movement discourages interviews with its elders and has never officially released texts. Even though there are publications associated with the movement, particularly by Zakariya Kandahalwi, the emphasis has never been on book learning, but rather on first-hand personal communication.[9][40] A collection of books, usually referred as Tablighi Nisaab (Tablighi Curriculum), is recommended by Tabligh Jamaat elders for general reading. This set includes four books namely (Hayatus Sahabah, Fazail-e-Amaal, Fazail-e-Sadqaat and Muntakhab Ahadith).[41]

Kakrail Mosque, Dhaka. The Tablighi Jamaat movement in Bangladesh is mostly based here.


  1. Kalimah: Imaan - An article of faith in which a Muslim accepts that there is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his last messenger".
  2. Salat: "Prayer - Five daily prayers that are essential to spiritual elevation, piety, and a life free from the ills of the material world"
  3. Ilm and Zikr: "The knowledge and remembrance of Allah - conducted in sessions in which the congregation listens to preaching by the emir, performs prayers, recites the Quran and reads Hadith from the books comprising Riyadhu As-Salehin,Muntakhab Ahadith (Collection of authentic Ahadith without commentry),Hayatus Sahaba and Fadhaa'il-e A'maal Vol 1 & 2[33] and other books.[34]
  4. Ikraam-e-Muslim: "Honoring a Muslim - The treatment of fellow Muslims with honor and deference"
  5. Ikhlas-e-Niyyat: "Sincerity of Intention - Reforming one’s life in supplication to Allah by performing every human action for the sake of Allah and toward the goal of self-transformation"
  6. Dawat'o' Tableegh (Dawah): "Inviting and Preaching - The sparing of time to live a life based on faith and learning its virtues, following in the footsteps of the Prophet Muhammad, and taking His message door to door for the sake of faith. "[27]

The method adopted by Muhammad Ilyas was to organise units (called jamaats, Arabic: جماعتِ ‎ meaning Assembly) of at least ten persons and send them to various villages. This jamaat would visit a village, invite the local Muslims to assemble in the mosque and present their message in the form of Six Principles. These six principles were derived from the lives of the companions of Muhammad. It is said in one narration ,"My Sahabah are like guiding stars, whosoever follows one of them will be guided."[36] Muhammad Ilyas articulated six demands in the form of Six Principles which are quintessential to Tablighi Jamaat's teachings. These six principles are:

Six principles

Tablighi ethic discourages social enmeshments in customary and ceremonial rituals which are usually extravagantly followed in South Asia. For example, in such annual congregations and other similar mass meetings, marriages are performed by dozens sans the costly celebrations.[35]

In the Daa'wah tours, emphasis is laid on Ahadith about Virtues of action.That is those benefits that the messenger of Allah used to bring for human being. The message given by Whaee and the books of Allah has revealed these most truthful news and benefits. That we can name as Reward in life after death and pleasure of Allah. In the Ahadith of virtues and Fazail these has been called as Eemaan and Ihtisab and this is the most vital deriving force for a Muslim to strive and do good for reward in Akhirah Maulana Ilyas used to say that knowledge of Fada'il virtues take precedence over the knowledge of Masa'il (jurisprudence). The virtues gives the belief on the reward in the life after death. And this is the state of eeman to belief on unseen return blessing and reward. And a person get ready to do A'amalu-Saliha (Good Deeds and Actions). The requirement of knowing the jurisprudence detail will be only if a person is ready for doing that action. (If a person is not ready for offering Salat for him what is the use of detail of Fara'id (mandates) and Sunan (traditions) of Salat).[33] In this background they suggest a series of book comprising Riyadus Saliheen, Muntakhab Ahadith (Collection of authentic Ahadith without commentary),Hayatus Sahaba and Fadhaa'il A'maal Vol 1 & 2[33] and other books.[34]' etc. They insist that the best way of learning is teaching and encouraging others, with the books prescribed by Tabligi Jamaat Movement in the light of Quran and Hadith stories of Prophets, Sahaba (Companions of Prophet)and Aulia Allah.[9]

The only objective of Tabligh Jamaat, overtly stated in most sermons, is that Muslims adopt and invite for the Islamic lifestyle, exemplified by Muhammad, in its perfection. They encourage Muslims to spend time out of their daily routine in the tablighi activities so that the rest of routine could be harmonised with Tablighi lifestyle.

Tablighi Jamaat encourages everyone to fulfill the Islamic requirement of da'wa even if the person falls short of strong religious intellect. This was different from the other Islamic movements which were mainly ulama-led and extended their leadership roles to the religious erudites. Tablighi Jamaat also negated the prevailing idea that the highest standards of Islamic scholarship and ethical standards were prerequisites for proselytising, and promoted da'wa as a mechanism of self-reform.[32]

Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good, enjoining what is right, and forbidding what is wrong: They are the ones to attain felicity.
— Qur'an sura 3 (Al-i-Imran), ayah 104[18]
Who is better in speech than one who calls (men) to Allah, works righteousness, and says, "I am of the muslimeen (those who submit to Allah) "?
— Qur'an, sura 41 (Fussilat), ayah 33[31]

Following the fundamentals of Sunni Islam, every member is allowed to follow his own fiqh as long as it does not deviate from Sunni Islam.[10][27] Tablighi Jamaat defines its objective with reference to the concept of Dawah, which literally means 'to call' and connotes to an invitation to act. In religious context, it implies to a call towards Islam which may also refer to a 'mission' if used in reference with religious prophets and people who were assigned such mission. Tabligh Jamaat interprets Dawah as enjoining good and forbidding evil only and defines its objective within the framework of two particular Qur'anic verses which refer to this mission.[29] Those two verses are:[30]

Beliefs and objectives


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.