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Superior general

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Superior general

A Superior General, or General Superior, is the leader or head of a religious institute in the Roman Catholic Church. The Superior General usually holds supreme executive authority in the religious order, while the general chapter has legislative authority.

The figure of Superior General first emerged in the thirteenth century with the development of the Dominicans) appointed a Master General.

Due to restrictions on women religious, especially the obligation of cloister for Mother Teresa, for example, was the Mother General of the Missionaries of Charity.

In canon law, the generic term Supreme Moderator is used instead of Superior General. Many orders and congregations use their own title for the person who holds this position. Some examples are:

In many cases there is an intermediate level between the Superior General and the superior of the individual monasteries or of equivalent communities, often named the provincial superior.

See also

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